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Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

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Lauren Beck

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
language used to create documents for the World Wide Web
uses tags or markup to define the structure and layout
platform independent
HTML Elements
combines descriptive tags with special tags
consists of three parts
start tag
end tag
ex: <bold>Hello!</bold>
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
allows you to specify styles for various Web page elements
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML)
XML is a markup language that uses tags to describe the structure and content
XHTML is a reformulation of HTML formatting so it conforms to XML structure and content rules
Ensures Web pages will be readable by different applications
Basic HTML Tags
!DOCTYPE-version of HTML
html-start and end of document
head-start and end of section
meta-hidden information
title-appears on the title bar
body-indicates the body of page
ul-bulleted list
li-list item
hr-inserts a horizontal rule
br-line break
Style=a rule that defines the
appearance for a Web page
Style sheet=a series of rules for
defining the style for a Web page
or entire site
HTML Coding Practices
Always separate sections of HTML code with spaces and tabs
HTML browsers ignore spaces
Document Object Model (DOM)
A combination of HTML tags, CSS, and a scripting language (Javascript)
More responsive to visitor interaction
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