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Late Middle Ages - Nation States
Transcript of Late Middle Ages - Nation States
FROM DARKNESS COMES LIGHT
Large group of people sharing a common
language, territory and government.
Rise of nation-states in Europe marked the
end of feudalism.
The first nation-states were England, Spain
France, and Russia.
Edward "the confessor" dies with no heir to the throne.
Council of Lords selects Edward's brother in law Harold to rule
Edward's cousin William, Duke of Normandy disagrees
Invades England (from France)
Two meet in decisive Battle of Hastings
William "the conquer0r" wins, Harold dies.
Forever known as Norman conquest.
England during his reign.
King Henry II
Inherits English throne in 1154
Reforms justice system.
Changes laws to reflect
Begins "COMMON LAW"
legal system based on court decisions.
Common Law applies to all of England.
Develops the first jury system.
Son of Henry II
Forced extreme taxes
and misused power.
1215 Nobles forced John to sign Magna Carta.
limits the Kings
Protects citizens from
arrest and imprisonment except by judgement of his peers or law of the land.
Now referred to as
Before 1000 AD Kings in
France ruled over feudal
territories not a kingdom.
Capet is elected to the vacant throne by nobles.
Capet makes the
(father to son).
Capet and his
heirs slowly increase royal power.
Uh Oh Big Bada Boom
HUNDRED YEARS WAR!!! (actually 116)
1337 - 1453 England v France
English rulers were trying to
hang on to the French land
of their ancestors.
Early victories for the English.
1346 - Crecy
1356 - Poitiers
THE LONG BOW!
The turning tide!
1429 French teenager asks Charles "the Dauphin" to lead army against England
God told her to save France.
Battle of Orleans (French win!)
1431 English capture her
try her as a witch, and burn her at the stake.
500 years later the Church declares
her a Saint.
Hundred years war - French win?
Defined both countries as Nations!
Christians fight Muslims to
regain control of Spain.
Campaign to drive out Muslims is
Lasts 700 years!
Spain united when two royal cousins marry.
Moors are driven out in 1492....
so are the Jews!
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Expands Spanish empire
with colonies and lands
in the Western Hemisphere
Kept power for
240 years (1440)
Ivan the "Great"
(or leader) of
Unites Russia (beats Mongols) marries Byzantine princess!
Adopts Byzantine customs!
Eastern Orthodox move!
new Eastern Orthodox
Helps unite Russians around Moscow (Nationalism!)
from Central Asia
(now known as
United under Ghangis Khan in 1206
THE MAGNA CARTA
Her name was
Joan of Arc