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History of Air Transport
Transcript of History of Air Transport
Pilatre De Rozier launched the first verified hot air balloon on 19th September 1783.
In November of 1783, Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier made the first known manned balloon flight.
In August of 1932, Swiss scientist Auguste Piccard made the first known manned flight into the stratosphere, the second major layer of the earth’s atmosphere.
In 1978, the Double Eagle II became the first balloon to cross the Atlantic Ocean. It was a helium filled model, carrying 3 passengers. They set a new flight duration time at 137 hours.
Finally, in 1999 the first around the world flight was completed by Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones. They demolished all previous distance records, flying for 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes.
The hot air balloon has changed very much. The first balloonists burnt materials onboard to generate heat to propel the balloon into the air. As gas and helium designs were introduced, burning material was not necessary.
However, there are stories of unverified launches almost 2000 years before Pilatre De Rozier. Nazca Indians of peru were thought to use balloons to aid in creating their famous Nazca line drawings (which were created in the period 700 B.C. to 200 A.D.).
of Air Transport
History of Helicopters
History of Space Travel
In 1936, The Focke-Wulf Fw 61
became the first operational actual helicopter.
It was not until 1942 that helicopters (the first one designed by Igor Sikorsky) reached full-scale production.
Quadrotor helicopters and other types of multicopter have been developed for specialized applications.
However, there is much debate about the first type of helicopter.The ancient Chinese were playing with a hand-spun toy that rose upward when revolved rapidly and as early as the mid 1500's,
In 1486, Leonardo da Vinci was believed to have designed the first actual modern helicopter.
There were several people who made helicopter resembling aircrafts before 1938, including Sir George Cayley, Paul Cornu, Stefan Petroczy and a German by the name of Focke.
In the Korean War, the death rate from wounds was the lowest of any previous war because of military helicopters.
After the Vietnam war, helicopters became more that taxis, they became gunships, airborne command centers, and early ambulances.
Helicopter Info From:
Source 2: http://www.eballoon.org/history/history-of-ballooning.html
Source 1: https://www.brisbanehotairballooning.com.au/faqs/ballooninghistory.html
The first airplane that was flown was a glider. Early gliders were launched from high places like cliffs and floated on the wind to the ground.
A man named Sir George Cayel made the first glider that actually flew, but it was not big enough to carry someone.
In December of 1903, the Wright Brothers became the first people to successfully fly a plane with a person in it. They had three successful flights that day, but Wilbur made the longest flight of 892 feet and stayed up for about 59 seconds.
In 1843 William S. Henson, an inventor, patented plans for an airplane after trying to build a model airplane. His friend, John Stingfellow, tried making a model off of Henson's model and succeeded, but barely.
In 1890 Cl`ement Ader flew on the first steam powered plane (a plane with an engine, unlike the glider) that he had built himself.
U.S Army Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge was the first person killed in a plane crash, when the plane he was in had a propeller failure.
In 1911, Calbriath Rodgers made the first flight across the United States from Sheepshead Bay, New York to Long Beach, California.
Airplanes now travel thousands of miles at altitudes of more than 7 miles, carrying over three hundred passengers, and can go over 600 mph.
On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I, the world's first artificial satellite.
On January 31, 1958, the United States successfully launched Explorer I.
The First Man in Orbit
The mission the mission was to send a man to orbit Earth, observe his reactions and return him home safely. The pilot of this historic flight was John Glenn. Glenn met all the requirements. He also had a reputation as one of the best test pilots in the country.
After three years of training, John Glenn rocketed into space aboard the Mercury capsule Friendship 7. He became the third American in space and the first to orbit Earth.
In 4 hours and 56 minutes, John Glenn circled the globe three times, reaching speeds of more than 17,000 miles per hour.
John Glenn became a hero, and President John Kennedy awarded him the Space Congressional Medal of Honor.
Info From: http://history.nasa.gov/sputnik/
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first Americans, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon on July 20, 1969.
The first mission of the space transport system (STS-1) or Space Shuttle, flew on April 12, 1981.
The last Apollo lunar mission flew in December 1972, and the joint American Russian Apollo-Soyuz Earth orbital mission closed in July 1975.
Awarded the Collier Trophy (in a tradition that began in 1911), the flight of STS-1 represented the greatest achievement in aviation for 1981.
On October 4, 2004, the X PRIZE Foundation awarded the largest prize in history, the $10 million Ansari X PRIZE.
To win the prize, famed aerospace designer Burt Rutan and financier Paul Allen led the first private team to build and launch a spacecraft capable of carrying three people to 100 kilometers above the earth's surface, twice within two weeks.
The Ansari X PRIZE was modeled after the Orteig Prize, won by Charles Lindbergh in 1927 for being the first to fly non-stop from New York to Paris.
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Hot Air Balloon
We have always been trying. We are continuously trying. We will never give up. We will still create new flying machines for many more years to come.
-700 B.C. to 200 A.D., Nazca indians use balloons for line drawings.
-1783, First verified launch.
-1783, First known manned balloon flight.
-1932, First manned flight to the stratosphere.
-1978, First balloon crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
-1999, First flight around the world.
-1500s, Chinese use toys that go up and down resembling helicopter movements.
-1486, Leonardo da Vinci designs the helicopter.
-1936, First operational helicopter.
-1942, Helicopters reach full scale production.
-On October 4, 1957, The Soviet Union successfully launches Sputnik I.
-On January 31, 1958, The United States successfully launches Explorer I.
-1962, First American space orbit.
-1969, First man walks on the moon.
-1981, First space shuttle mission.
-2004, Anisari X Prize awarded.
-1804, First glider.
-1903, First airplane, the Wright Flyer.
-1890, First steam powered plane.
-1911, First flight across the USA.
Flight has been dreamed about from mankind for thousands of years. Although they might not have ever thought about it being as good as we have it now, earlier mankind has always wanted to fly too.
1.On the first hot air balloon flight, the passengers were a sheep, rooster, and a duck. The balloon stayed in the air for 15 minute then crashed to the ground.
2. The first journey across the USA in airplane took 3 days, 10 hours, and 24 minutes of time spent in the air.