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Transcript of Russian Revolution
Peasants made up 80% of the population
Worked in agriculture
Owned small plots of land
Life in Russia
Famine and land shortages
166 million people
Long, cold winters
under the Tsar- 300 years
Russian Orthodox Church
"A small hut about 12 ft. square- with a door through which a medium-sized man can only go by stooping- the floor made of earth, the ceiling so low that a tall man cannot stand upright, tiny windows letting in little light...the whole building made of thin wood...the entire family lives in this room, sleeping on benches and on the floor all together, men women, children and cattle."
Attempts at "
1890's brings ironworks, factories, urban growth
Rise of the
Proletariat- working class
Lack of rights
Several hundred workers killed
The Romanov Family
Effects of WW1
4 million Russians dead
Lack of supplies on the homefront
Mystic and faith healer
Cures son's hemophilia
The Death of Rasputin
March Revolution 1917
Workers on strike in Petrograd
Shouting for bread
created- Alexander Kerensky
"When the bell tolls three times, it will announce that I have been killed. If I am killed by common men, you and your children will rule Russia for centuries to come; if I am killed by one of your stock, you and your family will be killed by the Russian people. Pray Tsar of Russia. Pray."
Rasputin's eerie prediction
"There is no other man who is absorbed by the revolution 24 hours a day, who has no other thoughts but the thought of revolution, andwho, even when he sleeps, dreams of nothing but the revolution."
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit,
Private ownership of industry
-everyone started out with candy
Freedom of competition
-"roles" assigned, industrial capitalists rise to the top
Unequal economic classes
-Some students have candy, the majority do not.
An economic and political system in which trade and industry are controlled by the government, whom distributes the wealth equally to all people.
Government ownership of candy
-teacher collected candy
- teacher redistributed candy equally
- now all students have the same amount of candy
Society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their needs and abilities.
Public ownership of wealth
- Teacher(government) is overthrown
- students share candy equally
No government needed
-teacher would no longer need to supervise
Provisional Government Fails
Lenin and Trotsky take charge
Lenin speaks to the people
Russian Civil War
Bolsheviks gain control
Russian Civil War
Cheka- Communist Secret Police
Body on display
Murder of Trotsky
Creation of collective, government owned farms
Government set production goals for industry
"We are the Realization of the Plan"
Stalin's Five-Year Plans
Rapid industrialization of Russia
Introduction of collective farming
250% increase in production quotas
Great Purge Photoshop
Collectivization: Government Propaganda
Workers on a collective farm
The reality of collective farming
Show Trials during the Great Purge
Victims of the Great Purge
Stalin’s Altered Photographs
Life in a Totalitarian State
Totalitarianism- a government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life.
War on Religion
Religion is poison. Protect children from it.
Arts under Stalin-Socialist Realism
Bellwork: Thursday, 2/22
1. How did WWI help to bring about the Russian Revolution?
2. What groups made up the Red Army / White Army?
Bolsheviks overthrow the provisional gov.
Workers were given control of factories and mines
Ended private ownership of land and distributed land to peasants
Lenin signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Leads to Civil War between the
and Whites- Antirevolutionaries
Allies get involved
Violence between counterrevolutionary forces and Communists
Communist forces execute the Romanovs
Executed suspected anti-revolutionaries
Set up forced labor camps
Enforced "War Communism"
Trotsky leads the Red Army
Enforces loyalty to Communists
Defeats white armies by 1921
Gains more power in Communist party
Becomes a chief contender for leadership following Lenin's death