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History of Anime
Transcript of History of Anime
by Elizabeth, Milena, and Serena
June 7, 2013, Period 5
THE FATHER OF ANIME AND MANGA
After World War two, a young artist named Osamu Tezuka became a cartoonist and released his first work Shintakarajima (known in English as "New Treasure Island"). As a child, Tezuka was a fanatical fan of Walt Disney's early animations. Many were impressed by Tezuka's original style. However, it was not until Tezuka released his ultimate work "Tetsuwan Atomu" (Astro Boy) that achieved his success; he was pronounced "The Father of Anime and Manga".
When Tezuka made a name for himself in the industry, he managed to establish his own production company in 1962. He formed Mushi Productions, where he released his best work, "Astro Boy". With "Astro Boy", many recognized Tezuka's original style and approach that was new to the entire industry. The style of his illustrations and characters came from French and German cinema. His characters exploded with life and emotion, and his stories would unfold themselves on hundreds of pages. By 1963, "Astro Boy" crossed international borders and was premiered on NBC stations all over the U.S. and was still successful with American audiences.
After the success of "Astro Boy', Tezuka released another work, "Jungle Taitei" (Kimba the White Lion). There was much controversy in the past about this anime after Disney released a similar version with the movie "The Lion King" with Simba as the main character. Although Disney denies this many believe that Disney stole the anime and recreated it with their own version.
Yet with all his success Tezuka receives, he often confesses that comics are his "wife" and animation is his "mistress". In 1973, two years after Roy Disney died, Mushi Productions went bankrupt. However, Tezuka continued to create comics and animation with a new company. Some of the works that he made include "Buddha", "Hi no Tori" (Phoenix) and "Black Jack", which is about an outlaw doctor. Besides comics and animation, Tezuka was a licensed physician with a medical degree from Osaka University's College of Medicine. That would probably explain why many of his works "are characterized by their humanism and respect for life and often have a scientific or medical bent". Osamu Tezuka was born in Novemeber 3, 1928, Toyonaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan and died in February 9, 1889, Tokyo, Japan. He died when he was 60 years old.
He won a Kodanshan Manga Award, Order of the Sacred Treasure, Nihon SF Taisho Award, Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, Shogakukan Manga Award: General and a Bungeishunju Manga Award.
The word "Anime" is actually French meaning "Animation."
The word Hetalia is a combination of the Japanese phrase "he" meaning "useless" or "not helpful" and the name "Italia", which translates to Italy in Japanese. This word literally translates to The useless Italy. ("Hetalia" is an anime show.)
FACTS ABOUT ANIME
Hello Kitty does not have a visible mouth because she speaks from her heart.
Sasuke in Naruto was originally never supposed to exist. The reason why he was added was because the publisher's daughter drew him.
In an episode of Naruto a bridge was named "the Great Naruto Bridge". This bridge exists in Japan and is stretched over the strait between Naruto and Awaji island of Shikoku, is counted among the longest bridges in the world.
The quote "I'm not short, I'm fun sized!", originally came from the anime "Fullmetal Alchemist" and Edward Elric was the one who mentioned it
There's only four movies made for the anime "Bleach".
In Japan a Death spirit is named a Shinigami.
From this point on you'll be transportred into the virtual world of anime. You may think that anime is just another cartoon, drawing, or television show but it's actually much more. In this project you will learn the history of anime and what is anime really about. You might notice that through out this project there might be mentions of manga but you should know that manga exsisted before anime did and it was also the one that got anime started. In one of our first slides we will be talking about the father of anime and manga, the reason why we will skip to him is because anime before him wasn't that popular and there's not much history about it that we know of. In the next slide we will tell you what is anime just in case if you don't know what it is. Watashi wa anata ga watashitachi no purojekuto o konomu koto o nozomimasu, in other words, I hope you find our project interesting.
WHAT IS ANIME?
Most of you will probably not know what anime is or what it is about, so we made this paragraph to help you understand more before you star reading our project. Anime is a Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation. Anime includes animated television series, short films and full-length feature films. The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese. In English, the term is defined as a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastic themes. The intended meaning of the term sometimes varies depending on the context.
While the earliest known Japanese animation dates to 1917, and many original Japanese animations were produced in the ensuing decades, the characteristic anime style developed in the 1960s—notably with the work of Osamu Tezuka—and became known outside Japan in the 1980s.
Anime, like manga, has a large audience in Japan and recognition throughout the world. Distributors can release anime via television broadcasts, directly to video, or theatrically, as well as online.
Both hand-drawn and computer-animated anime exist. It is used in television series, films, video, video games, commercials, and Internet-based releases, and represents most, if not all, genres of fiction. As the market for anime increased in Japan, it also gained popularity in East and Southeast Asia. Anime is currently popular in many different regions around the world.
With no further ado here's our project.
THE "FATHERS" OF ANIME
In many ways, our story begins with Walt Disney. He added sound and color to animation, and pioneered a number of other, now seldom-seen, techniques in the 1920's and 1930's. For Disney, animation was a medium for family entertainment. Disney films were, aimed squarely at children, with a few jokes for grown-ups to keep parents from getting bored through out the film.
Early Japanese animators, like their western counterparts, followed Disney’s lead and made their shows for kids. But then there was Osamu Tezuka, known to many as the “Father of Comics” for his prolific and skilled creation of manga. Tezuka studied Disney’s productions, but he was also influenced by the French New Wave cinema of the 1950's and 1960's. His comics made extensive use of cinematic devices likepans, close-ups and cuts, easing his transition from comics to animation.
Though Japanese animation had seen theatrical releases in the west over the years, it didn’t necessarily reach a wide audience. When Disney signed a deal with Studio Ghibli, producers of anime movies by Hayao Miyazaki, that changed. In 1999, Disney brought Princess Mononoke to the US, and many people went to see it just because it had the Disney name on it. Soon, people were going to see the anime distributed by Disney because they were Miyazaki films, and afterwards people went just because they were anime films.
PAST ANIME EPISODES AND MUSIC THEME SONGS.
Astro Boy Episode 1 in English
Kimba The White Lion Episode 1 in English
Kimba The White Lion Theme Song
The first known anime (1928)
1962-2001, A brief anime history
Black Jack, Episode 1 modern version
Black Jack 21 Full Opening Lyrics
Tezuka Osamu's 13 Experimental Films - The Legend of the Forest
MODERN ANIME EPISODES AND TRAILERS
"Bleach" Episode 1 Part 1, English Sub.
Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji) Episode 1, English Dub.
Fairy Tail Trailer
Ouran High School Host Club DVD Trailer
Naruto Shippuden Trailer 2013
Soul Eater Teaser Trailer
Death Note Trailer (English Subs)
Vampire Knight Guilty Trailer
POPULAR ANIME SHOWS BACK THEN
Anime has always been popular but some animes outstanded the others, therefor, I thought that I should list some of the popular animes from back then, when anime was just starting. Anime shows back then were not listed in category's, for example most popular or something like that, so we are going to list some of the anime shows that we think were popular. Some of the shows that are listed here may be from the 1960's or some other times.
Here are the follwing that I found:
-Kimba The White Lion
-The Amazing 3
POPULAR ANIME SHOWS NOW
In this slide we're going to list the most popular anime shows now. This list is not going to be in order because we're not sure which one is the most popular out of the ones we'll list.
Which are the follwing:
-The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya
-Neon Genesis Evangelion
-Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion
-Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion R2
-Rurouni Kenshin: Trust & Betrayal
-Full Metal Panic!
-Ouran High School Host Club
Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu
A BRIEF ANIME HISTORY
Anime, more commonly referred to as Japanese animation, has its roots in manga. Manga developed over hundreds of years, starting as pictures drawn on temple walls, then on wooden blocks, and finally as woodblock prints with captions collected in books. In time, the captions became stories and the art became sequential. By the early 20th century, manga had become the main form of literature for most of Japanese society.
At the same time, animated filmmaking started in Europe and then the U.S. When it appeared in Japan, it became a huge phenomenon—so much so that after 1940, over 40% of all domestic films in Japan were animated films based on manga. Due to its integral role in Japanese society, manga appealing to all age groups were routinely published and the scope of animated films also spanned all ages. Conversely, animation was perceived as primarily a medium for children in the West, due to the lack of animated films aimed at older viewers and the flood of now classic cartoons in the decades both before and after World War II.
When television became a popular entertainment medium in Japan, animation naturally became a large part of the programming schedule. While other shows preceded it, the first really huge animated series in terms of popularity was Osamu Tezuka’s Tetsuwan Atom in 1963. The show’s popularity caught the attention of NBC in 1964 and 104 episodes were syndicated in the U.S. as Astro Boy and became the highest rated syndicated show on television, live action or otherwise. As a result of this reaction, other shows soon found their way on to American television, including Tetsujin 28 (Gigantor), Eight Man (TOBOR, the Eighth Man), Kaitei Shonen Marin (Marine Boy), Jungle Taitei (Jungle Emperor) or (Kimba, the White Lion), and Mach Go-Go-Go! (Speed Racer). Although these shows were edited to American standards (often with numerous episodes not even being released in the U.S.), broadcasters and pressure groups still complained about the violence present in these shows.
These protests resulted in a lull in bringing anime to American television for a number of years, although series and features were still being released in Japan and were wildly successful. U.S. viewers didn’t get another look at anime until the late 1970’s, when 1972’s Kagaku Ninja Tai Gatchaman<. Now anime is a popular type of animation in the U.S.A. and all over the world.
HOW HAS ANIME CHANGED THROUGHOUT THE YEARS
Anime has surprisingly changed through out the years in more than one way. The things that people mostly notice between anime shows back then and now are that the anime shows now are in higher resolution, they have better sound, they are better drawn, the characters have become less cartoony and much more human-like, they move in fluent motions, and that the battles are much more realistic and has given greater impact, but what they haven't noticed is that the plot has changed. The plot in the anime shows back then was much more about robots saving the city or teenagers dressed in costumes that faught the evil to bring them to justice, the plots about anime shows now are very different, some of the shows are about kids in High School, war, shinigami world, fairy tales etc.
One of the other things that have changed is that now the bad guys usually win instead of the good guys unlike in the past were the good guys always won. Back in the early days, shojo manga (for girls, but written by men) focused almost exclusively on emotion. The characters all had big eyes, the better to communicate with. Now that the lines have blurred, big eyes have become a trademark. They connote sensitivity; the bigger the eyes, the nicer and more sensitive the person, usually. In the early days of the 60's and 70's, women artists started to write shojo manga. They wanted their female characters to be strong and do interesting things, but they also had to look traditional and wholesome. So lots of stories were set in a fictional historical West. The characters looked white. Nowadays, the color of hair and eyes has no connection with race; it's just more interesting that way. But characters with black hair are usually good and trustworthy, and blondes are often sneaky or evil, they suspect things until they are proven wrong. In 'Ranma 1/2,' boy-Ranma's black hair is a signal that he is the real Ranma, and that he's really a good person, while girl-Ranma has red hair. Actual Western characters are often denoted by freckles, a big nose, or some other distinctive feature. Loyalty, altruism, and heroism does not have to have a point; it is valuable in itself. Thus, someone dying for the wrong cause is just as heroic as death for the right cause (think of the Children's Crusade and the Charge of the Light Brigade). Dying a heroic death will also not necessarily guarantee success to the survivors--anime characters routinely sacrifice their lives willingly for a cause that may not succeed. This adds greatly to the realism and suspense of anime, since there is absolutely no guarantee that the good guys and true love will win. Anime will always keep changing but what will not change its the meaning, the meaning anime is the thing that is mist likely never to change and that's one of the main reasons why anime is still popular and why it will always be traditional in Japan.
WHY IS ANIME POPULAR?
There's good reason why Anime is so popular nowadays. First of all, Anime and manga appeal to a very broad audience from kids to seniors. American cartoons are almost exclusively produced for kids and teenagers.
The art-direction and quality of Anime is superior in general. Cartoons and Comics usually have a more "messy" art direction, whereas Anime and Manga are cleaner. For example the amount of lines to used to draw characters, facial expressions etc.
The Anime style is easy to get into, yet hard to master. There's thousands of books and guides on the subject available for anyone. Anime ranges from very cute, little characters to complex Mecha.
Many young people draw their own manga,thus in the process create new, refreshing ideas for future series, and franchises.
The only serious competitors of Anime are Disney and CGI. Disney makes very impressive cartoons, but they are usually aimed at immature target audiences.
CGI movies from e.g. Pixar are very advanced and contain more details, but usually only full-fledged CGI movies reach this jaw-dropping high quality. It's still (very) expensive to produce.
CGI is actually a different category, and people can't re-draw it exactly the same at home. It requires expensive CGI programs and computers which is beyond the ability and budget of normal people.
Many western people think anything cartoony is for kids or teenagers, but that's not true, because Anime has an astounding broad range of the most imaginative, mature, deep stories and topics which you rarely find in western counterparts.
Anime News Network- http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/ratings-anime.php?top50=popular
Day visited: June 5, 2013. Publication Date: unknown
The History of Anime & Manga- http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/evans/his135/Events/Anime62/Anime62.html
Date visited: May 26, Publication Date: April 6, 2001. Created by Zagzoug, Marwah.
History of Anime- http://www.animemetro.com/control.cfm?ID=232
Date visited: June 5, 2013, Publication Date: unknown Web-page by Justy, CosmoP.
History of Anime, Wikipedia- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_anime
Date visited: May 30, 2013. Publication Date: uknown, Last Time Modified: 5 June, 2013
Anime Facts, Flash Cards- http://quizlet.com/5790367/random-anime-facts-flash-cards/
Date visited: May 29, 2013. Publication Date: June 3, 2011 by Soma, Suzuki
We would like to thank the Santee School District for giving us our Prezi's. We would also like to thank the Prezi company, Japan for creating anime, Mr. Saia for giving us this assignment and letting us do our project on anime. We would like to express our greatest gratitude to the people who have helped & supported us throughout our project. We are grateful to our teacher for his continuous support for the project, from initial advice & contacts in the early stages of conceptual inception & through ongoing advice & encouragement to this day.
A special thanks of mine goes to my partners who helped me in completing the project & exchanged their interesting ideas, thoughts & made this project easy and accurate.
We wish to thank our parents for their undivided support and interest who inspired us and encouraged us to go our own way, without whom we would be unable to complete our project. At last but not the least we want to thank our friends who appreciated us for our work and motivation.
In conclusion anime is the pride of Japan and it is also very important. Unlike most mindless American cartoons, Anime can be very deep and inspiring. We're not sure if it has much of an affect on young kids growing up in Japan. Both cartoons and Anime try to teach morals, but we think it comes of more strongly in Anime. We'd like to think Anime makes people think, but who knows.
For people saying it doesn't affect the culture at all, they are right but wrong. Anime is part of Japanese culture. Entertainment such as animation, music and film is an important part of many cultures, including Japan. Also, it's not entertainment that affects culture, it's culture that effects entertainment (for the most part.)
Anime is the pride of Japan. It has changed Japan's culture and it has also increased its population. Anime is one of the hardest arts to master in existence but it is also one of the most beautiful arts. Japan has even created a college made especially for people who want to master the art of anime and become future animators.
Taylor Swift in chibi
One Direction in anime
Avril Lavigne in anime
Subarashī tsuitachi o sugosu!!!