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Hinduism

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by

Matthew Biggart

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of Hinduism

Hinduism
The Basics
- Centered in India and Nepal
- 900 million people
- Combines multiple religions and belief systems
- Worship of nature, time, and season
-
Brahman
the reality of the world that cannot be defined in earthly terms
- No commandments, creed or centralized text.
- Monotheistic, poly-theistic, atheists
- Mysticism and doctrine coexists
- Temples and holy sites
Social Structure
- The Caste System
-
Varna
(color)
- Brahmins - priests and scholars
- Kshatriya - Kings, governors, warriors and soldiers
- Vaishyas - Cattle herders, farmers, artisans and merchants
- Shudras - Laborers and servants
Karma
- Almost like a points system....
- Good deeds (action) with good intent lead to good
Karma
- Bad deeds with bad intent led to bad Karma
Samsara (Reincarnation)
- Reincarnation
- "Circle of Life"
- Continuous rebirth in human, animal, plant form (Even maybe a rock)
Chalandas
(untouchables)
Hindu Gods
- Hindu Triumvirate

- responsible for the creation, upkeep and destruction of the world

- Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva


Circle of Faith
Brahma:
Creator of the universe
Vishnu:
preserver of the universe
Shiva:
Destroy (in order to recreate
Brahma
- Creator of the world and creatures
- Least worshiped
- Only two temples in India devoted to him (thousands devoted to the other two god)
- Four heads, four arms (what else has four?) and a beard
Vishnu
- Return the earth and people to normal after troubled times
- Restore balance between good and evil
- associated with light and sun
- some consider him to be the most powerful of the gods
- has been reincarnated 9 times, at least one more time before the world ends
Shiva
- Shiva's powers of destruction and recreation are used to destroy illusions and imperfections allowing for beneficial change.
- Destruction is constructive.
- Shiva is seen as the source of both good and evil
- Ascetic and a hedonist
- Master of dance
- define moral, spiritual, and ethical truth for hindus
- present form around 1200-1500 (why so late?)
-
The Vedic Texts
has four compositions
-
Samhitas
: of hymns of praise to God.
-
Brahmanas
: rituals and prayers to guide priests
-
Aranyakas
: writings that relate to worship and meditation.
-
Upanishads:
consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism.
-
Bhagavad Gita
: Composed between 500 BCE and 100 CE., worlds longest poem. Song of the Lord" is a dialogue between prince Arjuna, a warrior, and Krishna, his charioteer. knowledge, work and devotion
Hindu Texts
Dharma
- Duty, virtue, morality, even religion.

- The power that upholds the universe and society.

- Dharma is the power that maintains society, it makes the grass grow, the sun shine, and makes us moral people or gives humans the opportunity to act virtuously.

-
Moksha
- release from samsara
- knowledge peace and bliss
- union with Brahman
- through Karma
Full transcript