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lingua franca

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shaghaiegh khodabakhsh

on 27 April 2013

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Transcript of lingua franca

lingua franca what is lingua franca? a language that make communication possible for people who do not have the same mother tounge. "franca" literally means "frankish" in Italian, but has come to mean"free" or "open" language. Evolution of lingua franca the popularity of languages changes over time so does the lingua franca. The original lingua franca was a mixed language composed mostly of Italian with a broad vocabulary drawn from Turkish, French, Greek, Arabic, Portuguese and Spanish and it was used in the Eastern Mediterranean as the language of commerce and diplomacy. English as a lingua franca French was the language of European diplomacy from 17th centuty untill 20th century. some examples of lingua franca Classical Chinese was the lingua franca in East Asia untill 20th century. Chinese language is still a significant lingua franca today. The term lingua franca was first recorded in English in 1678. Today English is the most common language to communicate scientific, technological, academic, and international trade information. pidgin Until 18th century Latin was the main lingua franca of Eroupean scholers During the Age of Exploration, lingua francas also played an enormous role in allowing European explorers to conduct trade and other important communications in the various countries they went. Portuguese was the lingua franca of diplomatic and trade relations in areas like coastal Africa, portions of India, and even Japan. thanks for your attention :) Hugo Schuchardt was the first scholar to investigate the Lingua franca systematically. According to his theory, Lingua Franca was known by Mediterranean sailors including the Portuguese. When Portuguese started exploring the seas of Africa, America, Asia and Oceania, they tried to communicate with the natives by mixing a Portuguese-influenced version of Lingua Franca with the local languages. When English or French ships came to compete with the Portuguese, the crews tried to learn this "broken Portuguese".
This theory is one way of explaining the similarities between most of the European-based pidgins. These languages use forms similar to sabir for "to know" and piquenho for "children". A pidgin is a simplified version of one language that combines the vocabulary of a number of different languages. Pidgins are often just used between members of different cultures to communicate for things like trade. A pidgin is distinct from a lingua franca in that members of the same populations rarely use it to talk to one another. It is also important to note that because pidgins develop out of sporadic contact between people and is a simplification of different languages, pidgins generally have no native speakers. The term pidgin was developed out of contact between Europeans and people in the countries they visited from the 16th to the 19th Centuries. Today, lingua francas play an important role in global communication as well. The United Nations defines its official languages as Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. English today is probably the third largest language by number of native speakers, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. Following the extensive influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, via the British Empire, and of the United States since the mid-20th century, English has been widely dispersed around the world, becoming the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions.
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