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Transcript of Research skills
General Research Skills
The references section lists the publications that the authors cited in the article.
There is no one 'best method'
there are useful tips / methods for effective note-taking
Plagiarism is using the work of others without acknowledging your source of information or inspiration
Note down all the details you will need to reference each source in full (including page numbers)
Generic Research Skills
Why take notes?
Work in groups or pairs
Take 5 minutes
Listen & take notes
Watch the video (duration: 5:21')
Take notes on the topic:
Open a Word processor
Make an outline based on your notes
What is plagiarism?
using words more or less exactly as they have been used in articles, lectures,
using other people's ideas or theories without saying whose ideas they are
paraphrasing what you read or hear without stating where it comes from.
copy words and punctuation
around the words you quote
use three dots
to indicate omitted words
author's name/ year of publibation/ page(s)
of where the quotation comes from
Work in groups or pairs
Read the 6 given pieces of text
Discuss whether the text is an example of
, and why?
Out of courtesy to the person whose idea or words have been used or referred to
Readers can find the original source
Writers can check something later
Shows thorough research of a topic
American Psychological Association
style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences
1. Start with something general
2. Monitor your comprehension
3. Guide your reading
4. Re-read difficult passages.
5. Highlight keywords and phrases.
6. Color-code information
7. Ask ‘depth questions'
8. Apply the C.R.E.A.M Learning Strategies
Finding information in the library
for note - taking
Develop General Research Skills
Example of mind-map technique
Cottrell, S., 2008, p.128
Cottrell, S., 2008, p.128
Restate the meaning of a text or passage in 'your own words'.
Again, say the
author's name/ year of publication
Examples of successful and unsuccessful paraphrases:
Yes, this is a quotation! How did you guess that?
Improving reading comprehension
PARTS OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE
How many sections are there in a journal article?
Title, author, and contact information
Methods or methodology
Conclusion and summary
References or sources
Cottrell, S. (2011), p.119
Typically, research articles begin with a
. Next, the authors are identified along with their
(i.e., who they work for, such as a university or agency). Usually, one author - who can be
for further information or permission to use the article - is listed at the bottom of the first page of the research article.
: This is a
of the research article. It provides an overview of the research, which is useful to determine if the article is relevant to the reader’s work. Abstracts typically follow a standard format. The authors briefly state
the research is important, the
, and a
statement based on the
: In this section, the authors describe the
for the study, what the
what are the
the article by outlining what research has already been done in this area. In general, this is also the section where the authors’
is introduced, and hypotheses or anticipated results are stated.
provides the reader
of other research related to the topic, through
, classification, and
of prior research studies. It also addresses questions that remain unanswered or require additional research (Dunifon, 2005).
Methods or methodology:
In this section, the authors outline how the research was conducted. Key elements that the authors describe in this section include:
in the study including the sample size and a description of those participants (e.g., age, gender, education level). How participants were selected for the study (e.g., random sample, convenience sample, census) . What was measured and how was it measured (research
). An explanation of how the
data was analyzed.
: The authors present the research
in this section, the
statistical or descriptive
that the authors conduct. The results are often displayed using
Conclusion and summary:
In this section, the authors
what they found and link it back to the current literature in the area. Often, any
of the study are described in this section. For example, if the researchers used a convenience sample to recruit participants, the results may not apply to people that are different in some way from the study participants. The authors may also suggest
for future research in this section.
: In this section, the authors
the results. The authors may provide possible explanations for what they found, including an interpretation of unexpected results.
References or sources:
The references section
that the authors cited in the article. The references may help the reader judge the quality of the article and can be used to learn more about the topic area.
There are different
styles of referencing
(e.g. APA style, Harvard style)
Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283.
Let's go for a library orientation visit!!!!!