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Edmund G. Ross in Profiles in Courage
Transcript of Edmund G. Ross in Profiles in Courage
In 1866 he first entered the Senate for Kansas under replacement for Jim Lane who took his own life after voting to uphold President Johnson's veto of the Civil Rights Bill of 1866.
Voted against impeaching Andrew Johnson
Born in Ashland, Ohio
Moved to Topeka, Kansas in 1856 to lead the "free-state" movement
Entered the Union Army in 1862
Appointed Governor of the Territory of New Mexico by President Cleveland in 1885.
Died on May 8, 1907 SOAPSTone Speaker- John F. Kennedy
Serving in the US Senate
Coming off back surgery from being injured in World War II. Occasion
Post Civil War
Andrew Johnson is President of the United States. Audience
Anyone who is wanting to learn about people who showed courage by not impeaching Andrew Johnson while he was President. Purpose
JFK thought that Edmund G. Ross showed great courage by going against his party at the time by voting no for impeaching Andrew Johnson.
JFK wanted to show no matter how much your peers pressure you to do something don't always do it, because it may not always be the right way to go.
He wanted to teach us how some people don't look to how it will effect the future but they just look at what is in front of them. Subject
Edmund G. Ross was elected Senator after Jim Lane of Kansas killed himself.
He votes against impeaching Andrew Johnson because he believes they have not gave him a fair trial and the evidence is not there.
Because of these actions he is hated by most and is never re-elected for Senator. But after he dies many people realize that he truly saved America from great controversy. Tone
JFK's tone is admiring Edmund G. Ross
JFK feels greatly honored to have someone that has as much courage as Edmund G. Ross to serve as a senator of the US.
He shows this by giving examples of some of the many letters that were written to Edmund G. Ross threatening him to vote one way and he still voted the other way.
Then he goes on to give examples of what famous people had said about Edmund G. Ross, and how he truly did the right thing for the country. Examples of Edmund G. Ross' Political Courage
In 1866, he took office for the first time for a recently deceased Jim Lane who took his own life trying to fight for what he believed in. This took a lot of courage standing in for someone he probably hardly knew and was fighting for something he was against at the time.
He also went against the Radical Republicans in 1968 when he voted against impeaching Andrew Johnson, this being because he did not think he had a fair trial and the evidence was not there. Ethos, Logos, or Pathos?
JFK uses Ethos in this passage by expressing his feelings toward how honored he is to have someone as courageous as Edmund G. Ross to serve in the US Senate.
He does this by writing about how some of the other political figures have talked about some of the actions and how it helped save America from one of the greatest controversies it would have faced in the history of America.
He also gives examples of other people and their struggle for what they believed.
He talks about a Senator Grimes who was one of Andrew Johnson's foes and writes "Burned in effigy, accused in the press of 'idiocy and impotency,' and repudiated by his state and friends..." President Kennedy wrote this after telling about how Grimes voted "Not Guilty" even while he was dying and struggling to stand up and cast his vote. Works Cited
Wasniewski, Matthew, Farar Elliot, and Robin Reeder. "ROSS, Edmund Gibson, (1826-1907)." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2012. <http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=r000445>.
American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Plummer, Mark A. “Profile in Courage? Edmund G. Ross and the Impeachment Trial.” Midwest Quarterly 27 (Autumn 1985): 30-48; Ross, Edmund. History of the Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson. Sante Fe, N.M.: New Mexican Printing Co., 1896. How is the statement on p. 233 applicable to America today?
This holds true today because our democracy wants to be elected not only by what they say, but by what they do. Our democracy leaves it in the hands of the voters to elect the people who stand by their beliefs even if the decisions they make don’t make them popular. It’s not about popularity; it’s about doing the right thing. Recent show of political courage
Someone who showed recent political courage was Barrack Obama when he passed the “License to Kill”. This was passed in secret and it said that we are justified to kill Americans overseas if we believe they are involved in terrorist’s acts. Both Democrats and Republicans are upset because they don’t believe it is right to attack our own people. What does courage mean to JFK and Us
- In chapter XI, John F. Kennedy was recapping on some of the previously mentioned people. He was looking back on how some of the political leaders in past times went against people in their own political parties to do what they thought was best. Courage is the ability to do something that you feel is right but everyone else is against. For example: If you are in a group and your friends are bullying someone, by standing up against your friends and telling them it’s not the right thing to do, you showed courage.