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Transcript of LGBT* Rights
-Religious doctrines with reservations
-Conservative thinking members of the public
-Those uneducated on LGBT* rights and history Strategies/Actions Against LGBT* Rights Violations Terminology:
LGBT* stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, two-spirit.
The term LGBTIQ is also used to include the term intersex LGBT* rights in Canada. Recommendations -Protection of LGBT* rights
-Pop culture and media stereotypes
-Education in schools on LGBT* issues Legality Worldwide
The term also includes queer, which is considered an umbrella term referring to all those with various sexual orientations and identities.
The term LGBT gained popularity in the 1990s, whereas the term LGB originated during the mid 1980s. discrimination and oppression and exclusion. Advocacy:
There has been a rise in advocacy groups and increasing studies on the LGBT* community
Some of the first LGBT organizations were framed in a human rights perspective. LGBT* Rights & Society:
“explosive and highly negative” (2).
Hate crimes against gay men, and laws enacted against homosexual individuals were wide spread internationally. LGBT* Community Health & Mental Health
"discrimination and oppression and exclusion"
"isolation, sadness and suicide as a direct result of stigma and heterosexual discourses within schools as well as physical bullying and violence in schools"
The "MSM Blood Ban"
Cyber-bullying Legal Framework of Discrimination At least 70 countries, including Uganda, Romania and Zimbabwe criminalize same-gender relationships and some countries punish offenders with flogging or the death penalty.
Same-sex marriage, adoption barriers and bans, accessibility options in regards to bathrooms, department store fitting rooms, filling out application forms and group forming activities. How are LGBT rights denied in other countries? Penal Code criminalizes all same-sex relations, whether consenting or not.
Articles 232-233 - mandate a death sentence for the "passive" male, regardless of whether it is consensual.
The "active" man (if unmarried) is punished with 100 lashes, a married or non-Muslim man is subject to the death penalty.
Men or women engaged in non-penetrative same-sex acts face 100 lashes as punishments. (However a woman convicted three times, then faces the death penalty.)
These laws have led to: arbitrary detentions, torture, beatings, sexual assault and rape
It also has lead to violent attacks from family and the public, which go unreported as it could lead to the victim being arrested. Gay Rights in Iran Transgender & Transsexual Rights in Iran “Some say that sexual orientation and gender identity are sensitive issues. I understand. Like many of my generation, I did not grow up talking about these issues. But I learned to speak out because lives are at stake, and because it is our duty under the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to protect the rights of everyone, everywhere.”
— UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (Human Rights Council, 7 March 2012) Internationally International:
UN: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (New York)
December 2010: Speech by Ban-ki Moon on LGBT* equality
June 2011: Human Rights Council adopted Resolution 17/19
December 2011: First official UN report on LGBT* abuses Organizations:
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
International lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender & queer youth and student organization
“It Gets Better” Campaign
“No H8” Campaign Government:
1967: Trudeau makes amendments to Canadian Criminal Code, therefore decriminalizing homosexuality
1977: Quebec includes sexual orientation in Human Rights Act
1996: Canadian Human Rights Act bans discrimination of LGBT*
2005: House of Commons votes in favor of same-sex marriages
2013: signs the new Charter of the Commonwealth, which supports equal rights for LGBT* in commonwealth nations
2013: anti-transgender discrimination bill passes in House of Commons Nationally Organizations:
Equality for Gays and Lesbians Everywhere (EGALE Canada)
Foundation for Equal Families (FFEF)
LAMBDA Education Research Foundation Schools and Universities:
LGBT* Centres, Gay-Straight Alliance Clubs & Guest Speakers
Accessible & gender inclusive washrooms
Class Component in middle/high schools Locally Organizations/Campaigns:
Rainbow Resource CentreManitoba Human Rights Commission/ Human Rights Code Petitions and marches re: Manitoba’s Bill 18Application Form Options re: Gender/Sexual Orientation Challenges Faced General Ignorance from some members of society:
Homophobia & transphobia
Religion & Culture:
The Pope/Catholic Church
Education within religious schools
Conservative values and laws
Lack of adequate legal protection What Strategies Have Worked? Advocacy:
Making recommendations whilst in dialogue with politicians and international/local community leaders
Student Unions and the support of schools and universities
Monitoring cases of LGBT* rights abuses and reporting them to proper governing bodies as well as attracting the media
Speeches, conferences, days of action, newspaper articles, video messages, websites, petitions, awareness campaigns and other forms of public awareness regarding the enhancement of LGBT* rights
LGBT* presence in the media:
People: Glenn Murray, Anderson Cooper, Frank Ocean, Ellen DeGeneres, Harvey Milk, Tim Cook, Perez Hilton
TV Shows/Movies: Philadelphia, E.R., SNL, Will & Grace, Glee, Brokeback Mountain, The Simpsons (LG)BT* Rights & the UN What needs to be improved? Strategies to decrease LGBT* Discrimination -Education and peer support groups
-Recognition and enforcement of LGBT* rights
-Counselling for victims and perpetrators at a young age
-Activities for youth and adults Who are the Main Actors? -Governments - local, provincial, federal
-International Organizations - UN, Human Rights Watch
-Educators - teachers, professors
-Leaders in the community - politicians, religious leaders, etc Challenges to Evolving LGBT* Rights Are LGBT* rights recognized as human rights in Canada?
In Manitoba (www.manitobahumanrights.ca) it is unlawful to discriminate or harass anyone based on a "protected characteristic" or not accommodate a special need based on said characteristic.
Sexual orientation was added as a protected characteristic in Manitoba in 1987.
Starting this year in 2013, "gender identity" was added in the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination in employment, housing or providing a service, based on actual or perceived gender identity which includes:
-transgendered - intersex and -Two Spirit
(Although I am still looking this up, Bill C-279 hasn't passed the Senate yet. So...I don't think this is right? I wish my notes were more clear.) Iran legally permits sexual reassignment surgery and recognizes transsexuals under the law. (But transgender are not.)
However, because there is such a strict dress code in public, women (who are transgender but have not had surgery) are harassed by authority for no adhering to the female dress code. This has the likely consequence of sexual assault and rape, as they are placed in mens' prisons. LGBT Rights in Uganda
Law prohibiting homosexual acts
Any person who:
(a) has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature
(b) has carnal knowledge of an animal
(c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature
is liable for imprisonment for life.
Anti-Homosexuality Act, 2009
Introduces the death penalty for:
-HIV positive people who engage in same sex relations
-persons who engage in same sex relations with people under age (18).
People and organizations who promote LGBT rights would be fined or imprisoned.
38 Human Rights NGOs were banned in 2012, the government claimed they were "promoting homosexuality" and "recruiting young children".
Arbitrary arrests for "attempting" to engage in homosexual activities.
Denied access to health care.
Face intimidation, harrassment and threats.
Local papers have published photos, with names and addresses of people who were suspected of being gay and incited violence against them.
David Kato, successfully sued one tabloid who had outed him, a month after the verdict he was beaten to death outside of his home. Uniting Nations Against Discrimination Citizens What does it mean to be an ally?
Choosing to not perpetuate hate in the way you speak & act (passive vs. active discrimination)
Three main causes:
Social/authority models of discrimination
Fear of the unknown/ignorance
Government Progress has been made, but not for all members of this community and not in all governments
Support is one thing, policy & implementation/action is another Pro and Anti Movements
- Bill 18
- Relation to the media
Pride Festivals Thank you! Violence Against Trans People: A Growing Epidemic There were 1,123 reported killings of trans people in 57 countries worldwide from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012.
This is a highly conservative estimate.
Who's involved? Should LGBT* advocacy be framed in human rights language?