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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in Night

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Kelsie Hartley

on 1 November 2016

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Transcript of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in Night

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in

Stage Four:
Esteem Needs
Stage 4 includes respect for others and yourself, position, and power. A person needs to have self-esteem and self-respect. "Esteem refers to the normal human desire to be accepted and valued by others" (CommonLit). People need to attention and self-confidence, among other things.
Stage One: Physiological Needs
The first step of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is the physiological necessities a human needs to survive. Things such as air, food, water, shelter, etc. If these needs are not met, the person will die, because these requirements are needed for human survival.
Stage Two:
Safety and Security
Stage two of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is security and safety. In this stage, people require things such as “financial security (usually through employment), and protection against fear, harm, or illness” (CommonLit).People are making sure they can fill their physiological needs throughout their life.
Stage Five:
Stage Three:
Social Needs
Stage three of Maslow's Hierarchy requires a person to feel like they belong. When people don't feel like they belong, they sometimes will neglect their physiological and security needs. People also need to love and be loved. "In the absence [of love], many people become vulnerable to loneliness, social anxiety, and clinical depression" (CommonLit).
Examples in the book:
“The same day, the Hungarian police burst into every Jewish home in town: a Jew was henceforth forbidden to own gold, jewelry, or any valuables. Everything had to be handed over to the authorities, under penalty of death. My father went down to the cellar and buried our savings” (10-11).
*Explanation: His father buried the valuables so if they would ever come back, they could have them. He was planning on having financial security in the future.
“This went on for two weeks. It was untenable. We had to give in.”
*Explanation: Elie gave up his gold crown in order to protect his father. Franek, a supervisor of the workers, beat Elie’s dad because Elie and his father decided to not give up Elie’s crown. Basically, they paid for protection with Elie’s crown.
Examples in the Book:
“Meir, my little Meir! Don’t you recognize me…You’re killing your father…I have bread…for you too…for you too…” (101).
“Don’t let yourself be overcome by sleep, Eliezer. It’s dangerous to fall asleep in the snow. One falls asleep forever. Come, my son, come… Get up” (88).
Examples in the book:
“Meir, my little Meir! Don’t you recognize me…You’re killing your father…I have bread…for you too…for you too…” (101).
*Explanation: A young man kills his father over a small piece of bread. The Jews have been missing levels one and two for so long that they had, in a sense, left their humanity behind and no longer felt loved. This is shown in the aggressiveness to family and friends.
"But then I remembered something else: his son had seen his losing ground, sliding back towards the rear of the column. He had seen him. And he had continued to run in front, letting the distance between them become greater" (91).
*Explanation: Rabbi Eliahu's son let him fall to the back of the formation where he risked being killed to relieve himself of his aging father. He didn't want to worry about anyone but himself. He and other Jews were so deprived of the first two levels that they have become inhumane and animalistic beings. They cared for nothing but food and themselves.
Examples in the book:
“A Jewish Council was appointed, as well as a Jewish police force, a welfare agency, a labor committee, a health agency-a whole governmental apparatus” (12).
*Explanation: This exhibits positions and power, which are both are characteristics of stage 4. The reason they have this council is due to the existence of stage 3. When the Jews are separated during the relocation, the positions disappear.
“The instincts of self-preservation, of self-defense, of pride, had all deserted us" (36).
*Explanation: These are characteristics of stage 4. The reason the instincts left them lies in the fact that the prisoners were deprived of stage 3 (Social, Family, friends, community, etc.). This, in specific, is when they were separated from their family and friends upon induction into the camp.
Stage five requires a person to develop mastery of certain skills to achieve their full potential. "Maslow describes this level as the desire to accomplish everything that one can, to become the most that one can be" (CommonLit).
Examples in the book:
"Together we would read, over and over again, the same page of the Zohar. Not to learn it by heart but to discover the very essence of divinity" (5).
*Explanation: This example proves Elie was in stage five because he seeks self-actualization through religion. He wishes to learn everything about his religion, and he was very persistent about it.
"One day I asked my father to find me a master who could guide me in my studies of Kabbalah" (4).
*Explanation: This example also proves that the author was very serious about his beliefs. He not only wants to learn about his religion, he wants to discover
about it.
*Explanation: In this quote, a son kills his father for a piece of bread. This shows how desperate the Jews were to fulfill their basic needs.
*Explanation: Elie was so desperate for sleep that he considered sleeping in the snow, where he could easily die in his sleep. His need for sleep was not being taken care of.
By Kelsie Hartley, Mikayla Horton, PJ Emery, Judah Morrison, and Madison Hobbs
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