Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Skull

Sweepin osteology
by

Sangwon Min

on 12 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Skull

Skull
1. THE WHOLE OF SKULL
▪ The Exterior of the Skull
․ Norma Verticalis
․ Norma Frontalis (orbits)
․ Norma Occipitalis
․ Norma Lateralis
․ Norma Basilaris

▪ The Interior of the Skull
․ Inner Surface of the Skull Cap
․ Internal Surface of the Base of The Skull(nasal cavity)
Sweepin
Norma Verticalis
Bones
frontal bone
parietal bone
occipital bone

3 sutures
coronal suture : frontal parietal
sagittal suture : parietal parietal
lambdoid suture: parietal occipital

craniometric points
glabella : superciliary arch
bregma: coronal suture sagittal suture . anterior fontanelle
lambda : sagittal suture lamdoid suture . posterior fontanelle
obelion : parietal foramen sagittal suture .
vertex : anatomical position sagittal suture .
Norma frontalis
▪ bones
․ frontal bone
․ parietal bone
․ temporal bone
․ sphenoid bone
․ ethmoid bone
․ zygomatic bone
․ lacrimal bone
․ nasal bone
․ inf. nasal concha.
․ vomer
․ maxillary bone
․ mandible

▪ sutures
․ frontonasal suture
․ frontomaxillary suture
․ internasal suture
․ nasomaxillary suture
․ zygomaticofrontal suture
․ zygomaticomaxillary suture
․ intermaxillary suture
craniometric points
․ glabella
․ nasion : frontonasal suture의 midpoint

▪ structures
․ frontal eminence : above the superciliary arch
․ superciliary arch
․ ant. nasal spine -ant. nasal aperture의 inf. border의 중앙.
․ ant. nasal aperture : pear shape
(inf. nasal concha is visible)
․ alveolar proc. : osseous socket for the upper teeth
․ canine eminence : root of canine으로 융기된 부분.
․ mental protuberance : symphysis menti 하방의 삼각형 융기.
․ mental tubercles : mental protuberance의 양측의 융기.
․ oblique line : mental tubercle의 뒤쪽에서 rami의 ant. border까지 이어지는 선.
parietal bone
frontal bone
occipital bone
coronal suture
sagittal suture
lambdoid suture
lambda
bregma
frontal bone
maxillary bone
zygomatic bone
mandible
vomer
nasal bone
ethmoid bone
intermaxillary suture
zygomaticomaxillary suture
internasal suture
zygomaticofrontal suture
frontonasal suture
frontal eminence
supraciliary arch
glabella
nasion
supraorbital foramen(notch)
infraorbital foramen
anterior nasal spine
zygomaticofacial foramen
mental foramen
Norma occipitalis
Norma basalis
Norma lateralis
Skull interior
▪ bones
․ parietal bone
․ temporal bone 의 mastoid proc.
․ occipital bone (mandible 의 internal surface)

▪ sutures
․ sagittal suture : 두 parietal bone사이
․ lambdoid suture : 두 parietal bone과 occipital bone사이
․ parietomastoid sutures : parietal bone + temporal bone, mastoid part
․ occipitomastoid sutures : occipital bone + temporal bone, mastoid part

▪ craniometric points
․ inion : ext. occipital protuberance의 가운데 지점
․ lambda : sagittal suture와 lambdoid suture의 교차점

▪ structures
․ ext. occipital protuberance : occipital squama의 middle part근처
․ sup. nuchal line : ext. occipital protuberance의 좌우연장선
․ highest nuchal line : sup. nuchal line에서 약 1cm위
․ inf. nuchal line : sup. nuchal line 의 아래
․ occipital plane : highest nuchal line의 위
․ nuchal plane : highest nuchal line의 아래
․ ext. occipital crest : inion에서 foramen magnum으로 이어지는 ridge
․ mastoid proc.
․ mastoid foramen : mastoid portion의 post. border근처에 위치하며 occipital bone에
있을 수도, temporal bone과 occipital bone에 있을 수도, 또는 없을 수도 있다
`
▪ bones (can be inspected from lat. aspect)
․ frontal bone
․ arietal bone
․ occipital bone
․ temporal bone
․ great wing of sphenoid
․ zygomatic bone
․ lacrimal bone
․ orbital lamina of ethmoid
․ nasal bone
․ maxillary bone
․ mandible

▪ sutures
․ temporozygomatic suture
․ frontozygomatic suture
․ squamosal suture : temporal squama와 parietal bone의 inf. border사이에 있다.
parietomastoid suture에 연결됨
․ zygomaticomaxillary suture
․ sphenofrontal suture ―
․ sphenoparieral suture ― greater wing 의 경계
․ sphenosquamosal sutures ―
․ occipitomastoid suture : occipital 과 temporal bone 사이
․ parietomastoid suture : mastoid process와 parietal bone의 사이
lambdoid suture로 연결된다
▪ craniometric point
․ pterion : sphenoparietal suture의 post. end에 대응하며 parietal bone, sphenoid bone, temporal bone, frontal bone이 만나는 점
ossification되지 않은 경우: anterolateral fontanelle라 함
․ asterion : parietomastoid suture, occipitomastoid suture와 lambdoid suture가 만, mastoid angle근처 → posterolateral fontanelle
․ stephanion : sup. temporal line이 coronal suture와 만나는 점

▪ structures
- temporal line
위치 : frontal bone의 zygomatic process에서 시작하여 frontal bone과
parietal bone을 지나가 zygomatic arch의 post. root에 연결됨
․ sup. temporal line → temporal fascia가 부착
․ inf. temporal line → temporalis m.이 부착
parietal bone
frontal bone
zygomatic bone
sphenoid bone
temporal bone
maxillary bone
occipitomastoid suture
temporozygomatic
suture
frontonasal suture
pterion
parietomastoid suture
frontozygomatic
suture
nasomaxillary suture
sphenofrontal suture
lambdoidal suture
zygomaticomaxillary
suture
coronary suture
parietotemporal suture
ramus of mandible
coronoid process
body of mandible
temporomandibular
joint
mental protuberance
condylar(articular)
process
angle of mandible
neck of mandible
mandibular notch
head of mandible
bregma
external occipital
protuberance
inferior temporal line
superior temporal line
anterior nasal spine
glabella
pterion
vertex
mastoid process
lambda
styloid process
nasion
▪ bones
․ palatine proc. of maxillae
․ horizontal plates of palatine bone
․ vomer
․ pterygoid processes of sphenoid bone
․ inf. surface of the great wings of sphenoid bone
․ spinous processes of sphenoid bone
․ part of body of sphenoid bone
․ inf. surfaces of the squamae of temporal bones
․ petrous portions of the temporal bones
․ inf. surface of the occipital bone

▪ sutures
․ cruciate(cruciform) suture : ard plate 의 전방 3/4 : maxilla의 palatine process
후방 1/4 : palatine의 horizontal plate
--> cruciate suture
Temporal fossa
Infratemporal fossa
Zygomatic arch
palatine bone
occipital bone
maxillary bone
temporal bone
vomer
zygomatic bone
medial pterygoid process
lateral pterygoid process
intermaxillary suture
sphenovomerine suture
occipitomastoid suture
sphenosquamous suture
median palatine suture
petrosphenoidal suture
transverse palatine suture
lambdoidal suture
petrooccipital suture
mastoid process
occipital condyles
incisive fossa
pterygoid process
mylohyoid line
angle of mandible
lingular
mental spine
inferior nuchal line
superior nuchal line
pterygoid hamulus
opisthion
mandibular fossa
basion
external occipital crest
lesser palatine foramen
infratemporal fossa
foramen ovale
foramen magnum
styloid process
jugular fossa
greater palatine foramen
foramen spinosum
foramen lacerum
carotid canal
frontal bone
occipital bone
temporal bone
petrous portion
squamous portion
greater wing of sphenoid bone
lesser wing of
sphenoid bone
dorsum sellae
body of
sphenoid bone
parietal bone
ethmoid bone
cribriform plate
crista galli
sphenopetrosal suture
occipitomastoid suture
lambdoidal suture
frontoethmoidal suture
sphenosquamous
suture
spheno frontal suture
sphenoparietal suture
foramen rotundum
foramen ovale
superior orbital fissure
foramen spinosum
optic canal
internal acoustic meatus
․ ant. : zygomatic arch (zygomatic bone), frontal bone
․ post. : zygomatic arch (temporal bone)
․ sup. : temporal line
․ inf. : infratemporal crest에 의해 infratemporal fossa로부터 나뉘어짐
․ med. : greater wing of sphenoid bone
․ lat. : zygomatic arch (zygomatic, temporal bone)
② 형성: zygomatic, frontal, sphenoid, parietal, temporal bone
① boundary
․ ant. : infratemporal surface of maxilla
․ post. : articular tubercle of temporal bone & sphenoidal spine
․ sup. : great wing of sphenoid bone, undersurface of temporal squama
․ inf. : alveolar border of maxilla
․ med. : lat. pterygoid plate of sphenoid
․ lat. : zygomatic arch

contains
․ temporalis m.
․ med. & lat. pterygoid muscles
․ maxillary vessels
․ mandibular & maxillary nerves
․ pterygoid plexus of veins
Nasal cavity
nasal cavities
nasal septum
maxillary bone
sphenoid bone
vomer
ethmoid bone
ethmoid bone
ethmoid bone
Orbit
frontal bone
maxillary bone
zygomatic bone
lacrimal bone
ethmoid bone
lesser wing of
shenoid bone
greater wing of
sphenoid bone
orbital process of
alatine bone
optic canal
superior
obital fissure
inferior
rbital fissure
auditory ossicles
Cranial nerve
parietal bone
occipital bone
lambdoid suture
Occipitomastoid suture
Parietotomastoid suture
Sagittal suture
External occipital
protuberance
Inion
Sup. nuchal line
Lambda
Mastoid process
Full transcript