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Transcript of Public Art
What is Public Art?
Any work of art that is placed in a public space
Not limited to physical art forms
Commissioned and presented for various reasons
as an artist's tool to provoke an audience
to teach or remember
for public use
It is a collaborative effort between the government (or commissioning bodies) artists and public communities
Policies and Regulations
Department of Communities and Local Government
DCMS, ACE help support and fund
IXIA, and other think tanks foster development
Additional polices are regulated by individual cities or councils
Public art is used mainly as regeneration within community
Policies emphasis quality design and accessibility
To showcase work and ideas with the public
Artist expresses self
To raise discussion and reaction within the public
As a civic duty, member of the public body
Can feel restricted if the public/government has too much say
But it could present opportunity and challenge for the artist
Gallery art vs. public art
The public should be consulted
Tax-payers money, tax-payers say!
Site-specific art should enhance the space
Does public art enhance or undermine space?
Do regeneration projects actually work, or just paper over the problem?
Should the public have more say in the art that is displayed in public spaces?
What about graffiti and street art? Should it be more regulated, or encouraged?
The Fourth Plinth - Trafalgar Square
Model for a Hotel (2007)
The Fourth Plinth
One & Other (2009)
Resources - Books, Articles, Reports, Videos
Ecce Homo (1999)
Nelson's Ship in a Bottle (2010 – 2012)
Sierra's Tilted Arc
From the VLE:
Carey, J. (2006) What Good Are The Arts. Oxford University Press
Crehan, K. (2011) Community art: an anthropological perspective, London: Berg
Zuidervaart, L. (2011) Art in Public: Politics, Economics and a Democratic Culture, New York: Cambridge University
Kelly, M. (1996). Public Art Controversy: The Serra and Lin Cases. Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism. Winter. P.15-22.
Informal Online Article:
Storr, R. (no date). “Tilted Arc”: enemy of people? (Online) Michigan: Michigan State University. (Accessed: 1/11/2013) Available from: https://www.msu.edu/course/ha/452/storrtiltedarc.htm
Appleton, J. 2006. Who owns public art. In: Mirza, M. (ed). Culture Vultures, is UK arts policy damaging the arts?London: Policy exchange, p.53-69
New Tang Dynasty Television. 2013. Giant Blue Cockerel Unveiled On Trafalgar Square's Fourth Plinth. (online). (Accessed: 1/11/2013) Available from:
Whatsitsupposedtobe. 2011. Richard Serra's 'Fulcrum', Liverpool Street Stn, London 06. (online). (accessed: 1/11/2013) Available from:
Resources - Online Articles
Bell, M. (2012). Just like Marmite! Our love-hate affair with public art. The Independent. (online). 21/10/2012. (Accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/just-like-marmite-our-lovehate-affair-with-public-art-8219402.html
Clarke, T. (2012) Public art. A good investment or a Waste of Taxpayers’ Money?[online], Available:
http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/theodora-clarke/public-art-a-good-investment-or-waste-of-money_b_1526588.html [24 Oct 2013]
Crompton,S. 2013. The Fourth Plinth: a focus for controversy and debate. The Telegraph. (online) 15/10/2009 (Accessed: 14/10/2013) Available from:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-news/6334324/The-Fourth-Plinth-a-focus-for-controversy-and-debate.html
Manning, S. and O’brien, L. 2013. Controversy and a cock-up on Trafalgar Square’s Fourth Plinth. The Independent. (online). 31/04/2013 (accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/controversy-and-a-cockup-on-trafalgar-squares-fourth-plinth-8598103.html?origin=internalSearch
Smedley, T. 2013. Banksy, Gormley or Hirst: Is public art good for the nation's wellbeing? The Guardian. (online) 28/02/13 (Accessed: 14/10/2013) Available from : http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/banksy-gormley-hirst-public-art-wellbeing
Sooke, A. 2013. Why can’t people vote for Fourth Plinth?The Telegraph (online). 24/09/2013. (Accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-news/10332075/Why-cant-the-public-vote-for-Fourth-Plinth.html
Resources - Websites and Interviews
Arts Council England. (no date). The Fourth Plinth. (online) (Accessed: 14/10/2013)
Available from: http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/funding/funded-projects/case-studies/fourth-plinth/
Arc. (no date). Working with people to make better places. (online)(Accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:http://www.arc-online.co.uk/home
Government digital service. Gov.uk (online). (Accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:
Greater London Authority. (no date) London.gov.uk. (online) (Accessed: 14/10/2013) Available from: http://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/arts-culture/fourth-plinth/fourth-plinth-commissioning-group
Greater London Authority. (no date) London.gov.uk. (online) (Accessed: 14/10/2013) Available from: https://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/arts-culture/fourth-plinth/fourth-plinth-schools-awards
Greater London Authority. (no date) London.gov.uk. (online) (Accessed: 14/10/2013) Available from: http://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/arts-culture/fourth-plinth
Ixia. 2010. Public art online. (online). (Accessed: 1/11/2013). Available from:
Basa, L. 2013. Email interview with Gillian Hopper, 29/10/2013
Bandeira, R. 2013. Email Interview, 6 November.
Viana, T. 2013. Email Interview, 18 October.