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Copy of Sustainability in the cruise industry: disney vs carnival
Transcript of Copy of Sustainability in the cruise industry: disney vs carnival
HTT 510- Sustainable Tourism
Founded in 1972 by Ted Arison
Headquarters are located in Miami
The ships are predominantly registered in Panama, Liberia, the Bahamas, Bermuda and Malta.
Awards include :
Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index
Maplecroft Climate Innovation Index
Innovation in Environmental Practices
Founded in 1995 and owned by the Walt Disney Company
Headquarters located in Florida
The ships are registered in the Bahamas
Awarded Seatrade’s 2012 Environmental Initiative Award to Disney Cruise Line
Awarded Conde Nast Traveller magazine’s annual “World Savers Awards” for leadership in environmentally practices social responsibility in 2008
Waste Management (Solid Waste & Sewage Treatment)
Water Management (Water quality compliance & reducing the amount of water used on board)
Air Pollution Reduction
Reduce Physical Impacts To Ports/Docks
Destination Conservation Project Involvement
Giving back to host communities
Providing Local Employment
Reducing Income Leakage
Waste Management- Solid Waste
Best Practice: Cruise ships should comply with Annex V of MARPOL and International law regulations by incorporating waste minimization procedures such as reuse, recycling, collection of hazardous waste and a goal of zero discharge.
Waste Management - Sewage Treatment
Best Practice: Cruise ships should have the most advanced sewage and wastewater treatment systems installed instead of dumping minimally treated sewage directly into the water (Friends of the Earth, 2013).
Advanced Wastewater Purification System
Air Pollution Reduction
Best Practice: Cruise ships should use low sulphur fuels required by international laws and use alternative types of energy to reduce air pollution (Friends of the Earth, 2013)
Best Practice: Cruise ships should optimize energy efficiency through the use of conservation and management by implementing energy efficient technology.
Waste minimization and recycling programs implemented on board
Decreased disposal of hazardous waste on-shore by 33.6%
Recycling of hazardous materials increased from 1300 to 16944 metric tonnes
Green House Gas Emissions:
-2008: 10, 317, 817
-2012: 10, 877, 399
Nitrogen Oxide Gas Emissions:
-2008: 206, 607
-2012: 218, 035
Installed new exhaust filtration systems on ships called "scrubbers"
No onshore power
Recycled more than 900 tonnes of metals, glass, plastic and paper from traditional waste streams
Utilized sustainable construction methods and materials that can be recycled in the future
in 2011, consumed:
25m metric tonnes of water
3,394,214 metric tonnes of fuel
use shore-power technologies rather than idle in ports
Reducing Physical Impacts to Ports & Docks
Best Practice: Cruise Lines should ensure that infrastructure that affects the natural and built environment should be minimal and not result in modifications to the natural and built environment nor should it involve the loss of natural habitat, exploitation of local construction materials and changes to local coastal wave and sediment patterns.
Eroding canals in Venice
Castaway Cay Island
Disney Cruise lines are in compliance with using alternative types of energy to reduce fuel emissions
Implementing Educational Programs/Initiatives to inform stakeholders about their impacts on a destination.
employees attend environmental training program
All ships have environmental officers
trained to observe and avoid harming marine life, coral reefs and other ocean habitats
prior to participation in shore excursions, guests are provided with information
guests educated by invites forest officers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture onboard Alaskan sailings
Three naturalists sail on each Alaskan cruise to share information and stories to educate guests on wildlife and cultural heritage
on board environmental officers oversee shipboard recycling, waste minimization, water reclamation efforts, and supervise shipboard environmental education classes
host regular employee meetings to share and identify new ways to practice Environmentality
"Behind The Waves" educational video
Disney Cruise Line Young Scientists program
Reducing Income Leakage
Best Practice: At the same time that a corporation is responsible to stockholders for generating profit, it has a responsibility to the ports and communities it visits. Cruise lines should ensure that port communities are receiving fair, equitable, and widely disbursed benefits from cruise tourism (Klein, 2011).
utilize non-toxic hull coating
advanced wastewater purification systems
efficient gearless elevator hoisting technology
heat recovery systems
insulation and heat reflective paint
replaced old lighting and fixtures with energy-efficient alternatives
technology enhancements and controls to increase efficiency
optimized propulsion systems and hulls
overhead winch motors used to generate electricity
Carnival sells exclusive products that do not pertain to providing income opportunities for the local communities.
Dictate prices ad of how local vendors must operate
Disney Cruises purchased Castaway Cay and has exclusive access
Best Practice: Enabling the efficient, sustainable use of water resources, and mitigating potential negative effects upon the quality of inland and coastal water bodies (North Sea Region, 2013)
Received “A” for water compliance on Friends of the Earth report card
known for discharging waste outside protected Alaskan waters
in 2002, paid $28.3 million in fines
in 2012 report, 0 significant spills (spill that has monetary sanctions of $100,000 or more)
consumption increase since 2008 from approximately 21 million metric tonnes to 25 million metric tonnes.
Best practice: Economic and social sustainability is supported by fostering small-scale tourism, providing employment opportunities to local community persons, and selling locally produced items (MBRS, 2007).
received an “A” for water compliance by the Friends of the Earth report card
wastewater purification systems has helped help filter gray, black and bilge water to reduce pollutants
saved 22 million gallons of water by using water collected from the onboard A/C system to supply ship's laundry facilities and deck cleaning
replaced the laundry facility equipment to more efficient washing machines (reduced water consumption by 20%)
use water-safe, food-based fireworks
Giving back to host communities
Best Practice: In order to offset the negative impacts the cruise line has on the destination, Destination Conservation Projects should be implemented In order to offset the negative impacts the cruise line has on the destination.
support non-profit organizations in homeports but not in host ports
support host ports and educate school children about conservation.
Refurbishment of existing port in Florida in the Port Canaveral complex resulted in 1000 jobs in the area.
Moved two of its newer ships to depart from Florida, creating 4,000 jobs or $450 million to the local economy.
Carnival Cruises worked with the Australian government and communities to help develop tourism related businesses.
Carnival funded half or $900,000 for the AUD Aid’s Enterprise Challenge Funding Program, that helped fund small local businesses.
Traditional Marine Sanitation