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Sociology

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Tawni Stech

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Sociology

Robert K. Merton was a French philosopher.
He was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism.
He may be regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term Auguste Comte was an English social theorist and Whig writer.
Often cited as the first female sociologist Martineau wrote 35 books and a multitude of essays from a sociological, holistic, religious, domestic, and, perhaps most controversial.
A feminine perspective; she also translated various works from Auguste Comte Harriet Martineau was a French sociologist.
He formally established the academic discipline and, with Karl Marx and Max Weber.
Is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology Born: July 4,1910
Died:February 23, 2003 (aged 92) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist movement. 19 February 1798 Born - Death- 5 September 1857 (aged 59) George Herbert Mead Born - 12 June 1802
Death - 27 June 1876 (aged 74) Émile Durkheim Born - April 15, 1858
Death - November 15, 1917 (aged 59) Born: February 27, 1863
Died: April 26, 1931 (aged 68) Charles Horton Cooley Karl Marx Born - 5 May 1818
Death - 14 March 1883 (aged 64) Born: August 17, 1864
Died: May 8, 1929 (aged 65) Erving Goffman was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist who profoundly influenced social theory, social research, and the discipline of sociology itself.
Weber is often cited, with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, as one of the three founding architects of sociology Born - 21 April 1864
Death - 14 June 1920 (aged 56 Max Weber Born: June 11, 1922
Died: November 19, 1982 (aged 60) Herbert Spencer Sigmund Freud was an English philosopher, biologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.
Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. Born - 27 April 1820
Death - 8 December 1903 (aged 83) Born: May 6, 1856
Died: September 23,1939 (aged 83) Erik Erikson Jane Addams was a pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher.
Sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace. Born - September 6, 1860
Death - May 21, 1935 (aged 74) Born: June 15, 1902
Died: May 12, 1994 (aged 91) Lawrence Kohlberg W. E. B. DuBois Born:October 25, 1927
Died:January 19, 1987 (aged 59) Carol Gilligan was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist,author and editor.
Born in western Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a tolerant community and experienced little racism as a child. After graduating from Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University Born: November 28, 1936 (age 75)
- still living Born - February 23, 1868
Death - August 27, 1963 (aged 95) Albert Bandura Born: December 4, 1925 (age 86)
-still living B(urrhus) F(redrick) Skinner was an American sociologist who served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1927 to 1973.
Parsons developed a general theory for the study of society called action theory, based on the methodological principle of voluntarism and the epistemological principle of analytical realism. Born: March 20, 1904
Died: August 18, 1990 (aged 86) Born - December 13, 1902
Death - May 8, 1979 (aged 76) Talcott Parsons C. Wright Mills was an American sociologist, and a professor of sociology at Columbia University from 1946 until his death in 1962.
Mills was published widely in popular and intellectual journals, and is remembered for several books Born - August 28, 1916
Death - March 20, 1962 (aged 45) Sigmund Freud discusses the concept of sexual and homosexuality in unusual termsexploring,how scientists behave and what it is that motivates, rewards, and intimidates them.
His studies on an integrated community helped shape Kenneth Clark's historic brief in Brown v. Board of Education studies the activity or behavior of the individual as it lies within the social process.
“Mind, Self, and Society” Cooley believed that social reality was qualitatively different from physical reality.
He argued that the ideal of the moral unity of society, involving qualities of loyalty, justice, and freedom, was derived from face-to-face relationships in primary groups Greatest contribution to social theory is his study of symbolic interaction. The form of dramaturgical analysis that began with his 1959 book.
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Sigmund Freud discusses the concept of sexual and homosexuality in unusual terms.
Sigmund Freud also came up with theory on sexual life of children which he said was because the memories and associations arising during the analysis of symptoms in adults regularly led back to the early years of childhood He studied society and culture on individual psychological development.
He also developed the eight-stage model of human development. Kohlberg found that morality developed in a sequential pattern. At level 1, stage 1, the ethical dilemma is viewed in black and white terms: stealing is wrong, punish the guilty
His theory holds that moral reasoning,which is the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental constructive stages She helped to form a new psychology for women by listening to them and rethinking the meaning of self and selfishness.
She outlines three stages of moral development progressing from selfish, to social or conventional morality, and finally to post conventional or principled morality "Social Learning Theory" which he has recently renamed, "Social Cognitive Theory". Albert Bandura focuses on the acquisition of behaviors.
He believes that people acquire behaviors through the observation of others Operant conditioning is the technical term for learning behaviors through either positive or negative reinforcement, he had a huge impact with this research.
He said all decisions and situations in life have consequences, and one learns from either being rewarded for good choices or being punished in some way by bad choices.
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