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Nitrous Oxide

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Bradley Ragoodial

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide is also known as laughing gas. It is a non-flammable, colorless gas with a slightly sweet odor and has been commonly used as a recreational drug since the early 1800s. The psychological effects of nitrous oxide were discovered in 1799 by British chemist and inventor Humphrey Davy. In 1800, Humphrey Davy started marketing nitrous oxide as a recreational drug. Nitrous oxide has become popular at social events, where it is commonly used for entertainment. In modern times, nitrous oxide is also used at parties, usually filled into balloons.
What is Nitrous Oxide?
When inhaled, nitrous oxide quickly enters the bloodstream through the alveoli in the lungs. Nitrous oxide then begins to quickly spread to the whole body, including synapses in the brain. Once it reaches the brain it can hinder many body functions like breathing and heart rate, potentially leading to death. Another way through which it can lead to death is by cutting oxygen intake. This is especially a risk when Nitrous Oxide is taken in large doses within a short period of time.
How it Works
Nitrous oxide can cause effects such as giggling, euphoria, audio distortions, analgesia(pain relief), loss of balance, tingling or numbing in extremities, and dream-like states. When nitrous oxide is prolonged, the user usually falls unconscious and can also have, out-of-body experiences and sometimes mystical experiences.
Effects of Nitrous Oxide
The effects of a single inhalation of nitrous oxide start almost instantly. The effects peak about 10-20 seconds after inhalation, and they diminish as quickly as they began. If nitrous oxide usage is prolonged, the effects reach a plateau about 30-60 seconds after the first breath, and diminish a few seconds after the nitrous oxide is no longer administered. Mild sedation, feeling of well-being and sometimes headache can be felt up to 30 minutes after coming down.
Effect on the Body
The primary medical uses of nitrous oxide are as a sedative and an analgesic. Nitrous oxide is used as an anesthetic in dentistry and sometimes in surgery. Nitrous oxide is also used in the dairy industry, car racing, welding, and in rocket engines.
Medical and Other uses of Nitrous Oxide
Other names: E942, nitrous, laughing gas, NOS, hippie crack, or sweet air.
bone marrow suppression
poisoning of the Central nervous system
affects white blood cell production
appearance of spots on the eyes
premature death
Long-term Effects
Short-term Effects
depression
lack of concentration
vomiting
slowing of reaction time
temporary increase in blood pressure
restlessness
tiredness
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Nitrous Oxide Abuse Hotlines
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