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Transcript of Tatum
Can We Talk?
Main Points of
Defining Racism: Can We Talk?
Beverly Daniel Tatum
Tatum asserts her belief that racism is based on a system of advantage and disadvantage.
She defines racism as gaining something from putting prejudice ideas into action.
Prejudice is a preconceived judgment or opinion, usually based on limited information.
She defines racism and prejudice really well, racism is "prejudice plus power."
Explains how people of color cant be racist.
Gives a good explanation as to how racism is taught.
She also goes into a little detail about internalized oppression, which is the belief of some of the stereotypes hold meaning, except its people of color that hold them.
Tatum only lightly goes over reverse racism, and how it cannot possibly be a real thing because racism against white people is not a possibility because they are already in a position of power. People of color gain nothing from being prejudice against white people.
Teddy's Personal Experience
Does it strengthen Tatum's argument?
Do we agree with Tatum?
White people are the only ones who can be racist because only they gain something from racism.
When people of color hold these beliefs, they gain nothing so it is considered prejudice; she believes that people of color can not be racist, only prejudice.
More Main Points
McIntosh's 'Invisible Knapsack'
Tatum states that white people "do not all benefit equally" from racism, but that they do all benefit (129).
McIntosh's idea of an invisible knapsack is that white privilege is something that comes inherently with being white but that cant be seen, maybe not even known by the possessor.
The belief Asian-Americans have to be better, or smarter just because of their race or ethnicity.
They have internalized the stereotypes that most people hold against them that they are all smart and good at math.
It's a form of prejudice they hold against themselves.
Both of these connections make Tatum's arguments stronger in that they show evidence of how her theories connect to real life and other sociologist's theories.
Growing up in Tennessee vs Living in LA.
Growing up in Tennessee
Historically known to be segregated.
Continues to be segregated today.
Was the founding home of the KKK, the most radical racist group in America.
Trying to break stereotypical views is very hard.
People pave two ways for African American males:
either play sports or become delinquents .
Living in LA
Teddy's experiences strengthen Tatum's arguments because they illustrate the way that stereotypes influence the way someones life can go.
-Black men in Memphis are either in sports or a life of crime.
More opportunities for Black men, and not as many stereotypes. Black men can be successful outside of sports and crime.
More open when it comes to race and ethnicity.
Its less okay to be outwardly racist, whereas in Memphis racism is seen everywhere and is considered to be part of life.
Tatum's theory of black people being unable to be racist is broken when black people use skin color stratification to rank within their race.
Colorism is the idea that lighter is better.
Skin color stratification is a system where resources are allocated unequally based on skin color.
As a group we do agree with Tatum's theory to a certain extent.
We live in racist society
Being white will always be beneficial
We do not always recognize that we oppress races and ethnicity's because they are hidden in jokes, social media and comments made by friends/family.
We agree with:
What we do not agree with:
White people are the only ones that can be racist.
-We believe that people of color also can express racism by trying to distance themselves from their own race.