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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
Afterlife Passage to the Afterlife Mummification Land of the two fields Egyptians believed in Afterlife,
to which their soul went to after
Ba and Ka
The soul was the Ba and the Ka,
the Ba returned during the day to watch over the family, and the Ka stayed in the afterlife. At night the two met to rest for the next day. To go to the afterlife, a person's body needed to be preserved.
They removed the organs and the brain.
They then rubbed them with oil and spices.
They are stuffed and covered in salt.
They are then wrapped in strips linen cloth.
They are then placed in a wooden coffin and put in their tomb. Affect of the environment The Nile flooded every year, giving the Egyptians good, fertile soil to grow crops. After the flood, the peasants were busy planting the seeds. They were also busy just before the flood, because they had to harvest them. Rosetta stone Created in 196 BC, it played a crucial part in understanding the Hieroglyph mystery.
It was found on the 15 of
July, 1799, by A french
officer. It weighed 760
kilos and measured
1 meter and 14
centimeters tall and 72
centimeters wide. In the beginning, it served to organize trade, then as people wanted to communicate more ideas more symbols appeared. After, each symbol stood for one sound. Only scribes could write until a simpler version of hieroglyphs were invented. Hieroglyphs were invented 5000 years ago, Egyptians used them to record events, write down their advances in learning, and other such points. Early on the Egyptians wrote on clay tablets in a similar way to the Sumerians. Afterward, they discovered Papyrus,a reed along the Nile which they used the stalks as paper Egyptians used instruments such as harps, reed flutes, early forms of guitars, clarinets, recorders, drums, and rattles. Women were often the musicians in paintings. Daily life of a Noble Daily life of a Farmer Has breakfast: bread and fruits.
Goes to his farmer and hears that the harvest will be good that year.
Has lunch: bread, meat and beer.
Goes home to prepare for a banquet he's hosting.
Has dinner: meat, bread, figs, wine, cakes and dates.
Goes to bed. Has breakfast: bread and fruits.
Goes to work in the fields.
Goes to the temple to pay for his land.
Has lunch: bread, meat and beer.
Goes home and grinds the wheat for bread.
Has dinner: bread, meat, beer.
Goes to bed. To get to the afterlife, you first had to be judged. The place where they did this was called the Hall of Judgement. They weighed your heart on a scale, and if it was lighter than Maat's sacred feather, the feather of truth, then you could pass. For your heart to be light, you had to be kind and honest during your life. Music Art Egyptians made paintings, sculptures and pottery. The paintings usually represented gods, pharaohs or ordinary people working. Their paintings were done on papyrus using soil, bone or ivory as paint. Egyptians developed their understanding of maths thoroughly, particularly geometry due to their architectural advances. Medicine Fashion "Everyday I wear custom fitted tunics which reach my knees, I usually use leather sandals, and I always wear blue or green eyeshadow or, if on a fancy occasion, black kohl around my eyes to protect me from the sun. I keep my facial hair shaved, my hair short and I wear a lot of gold jewelry." "I am one of the peasant farmers of Giza, I wear short skirts which go down to my knees, I go barefoot or with straw sandals, and I wear black kohl to keep the glare of the sun out of my eyes. My hair is kept short and I shave my facial hair regularly. I wear a little gold jewelry if I can afford it." Dancing Egyptian dancing was mainly
done by girls, either solo, pair or in a group. It was usually accompanied by other people playing musical instruments. Dancers wore either long cloaks, short skirts or garments transparent only on the right side of their chest. "I am an Egyptian mistress, I am clad in a dress reaching down to my knees and I usually wear my blue or green eyeliner. In the more formal occasions, black kohl is the product I use around my eyes. I wear as much gold jewelry as possible and I keep my hair down." Egypt was renowned for it's it's treatment of illnesses and injuries. Life expectancy was no higher than forty years of age People wanted large families They had doctors specialized for particular areas of the body They recorded all of their treatments, which involved religious incantations Dung, cat fat, fly droppings, and cooked mice are just a small selection of their remedies Science Egyptians were famous for their level of scientific education. They mastered many areas of science such as Alchemy, Engineering, Biology, Chemistry, Dentistry, and Astronomy. They calculated how long it was between the Nile's floods, and it came to about 365 days. This is now the length of our year. They looked at stars to know when things would happen, for example when they saw the Sirius (dog star) they knew that the Nile would soon flood. The Egyptians worshipped their gods in temples. Each god had their own temple, where you would go to worship them.
They had over 2000 gods and goddesses, each for different things. They probably looked a bit like this at the time... But now they look
more like this. Housing and furniture This is what a rich person's house would look like... and this is what an ordinary peasant's house would have looked like. Egyptian Furniture Tables were rarely used in Ancient Egypt. Most houses had a few low stools and . The nobles had beds, but the peasants just slept on a straw mattress or on the floor. Egyptians recorded everything they learnt, this meant that later civilizations such as the Greeks and Romans could use their research. It also gave our modern archeologists an excellent view of the Egyptian discoveries. Building of a pyramid 1. Chisel blocks of granite.
2.Transport them using barges to your building site.
3.Haul them up a ramp.
4.Use ropes and levers to haul them into place.
5.Polish them until shiny.
6.Decorate with hieroglyphs, art, statues, and other monuments.