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Plant Cells vs Animal Cells

How are the different?
by

Alia Garder

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Plant Cells vs Animal Cells

Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are one
of the main organelles
of the plant cell. These
little green bodies
produce nutrition for
the plant using the
process of photosynthesis. Vacuole Plant Cells have only one large Vacuole which takes up 90% of the cell. This Vacuole helps support leaves and other soft structures to maintain there shape. The Vacuole also removes unwanted materials from the cell. Plant cells have a thick outer layer called a cell wall. This cellulose wall protects the cell from harmful microorganisms trying to attack the cell. Cell Walls Vacuoles Animal cells usually have more
than one vacuole. These vacuoles
are similar to plant vacuole in
function but are significantly
smaller. Cell Shape Animal cells have a more
circular shape compared to
plant cells. There shape is
made by the cell membrane. Lysosomes Lysosomes in an animal
cell break down unwanted
materials and
help make the cell
become immune to
different viruses and
bacteria. Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells What makes them different? Animal Cells Plant Cells Plant Cells and Animal Cells Vacuoles Both animal cells and plant cells have vacuoles. They both remove waste from the cell and protect the cell from
harmful bacteria. Cell Membrane Both animal and plant cells have a
cell membrane. This membrane works
as an enclosure for the internal
organelles and protects them. The
membrane also transports molecules
in and out of the cell. Mitochondria The main function of the mitochondria
are to produce energy for the cell, and regulate cell growth and metabolism. This little organelle is one of the most important parts of the cell. Endoplasmic Reticulum
(smooth and rough) What makes them similar? Both animal and plant cells have a smooth and a rough endoplasmic reticulum.The smooth endoplasmic reticulum stores ions for the cell. The rough endoplasmic reticulum synthesizes and packs proteins. Both the smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum help in important ways for storage in the cell. Golgi Body The Golgi Body (Golgi Apparatus) is a stack of membrane bodies called cisternae. The Golgi Body is important because it modifies new proteins synthesized by the endoplasmic reticulum and processes them for transport. Nucleus The nucleus acts as the brain of the cell. This small, round organelle holds all of the DNA in tiny chromosomes. the information held in the nucleus is necessary for the creation of other cells and the function of all the components of the cell.
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