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Chapter 10: Rizal's First Homecoming, 1887-88
Transcript of Chapter 10: Rizal's First Homecoming, 1887-88
to operates on his mother’s eye’s.
to serve his people who had long been oppressed by the Spanish tyrants.
to find out for himself how the Noli and his other writings were affecting the Filipinos and Spaniards in the Philippines.
to inquire why Leonor Rivera remained silent.
Delightful Trip to Manila
July 3, 1887
– He boarded the streamer
, the same streamer which brought him to Europe five years ago.
There were about 50 passengers including
4 Englishmen, 2 Germans, 3 Chinese, 2 Japanese, manyFrenchmen and 1 Filipino (Rizal).
Rizal was the only one among the passengers who could speak many languages, so that he acted as interpreter for his companions
Jose Cecillo "Chenggoy"
Presented by: Group 5
All the alluring beauties of foreign countries and all the beautiful memories of his sojourn in alien lands could neither make Rizal for his fatherland nor turn his back to his own nationality, he remained at heart a true Filipino with an unquenchable love for the Philippines and an unshakable determination to die in the land of his birth.
The Old Rizal's House in Calamba
He was called
” because he came from Germany.
Within a few months he was able to earn P900 as a physician. By February, 1888, he earned a total of P5000 as medical fees. Rizal did not selfishly devote all his time to enriching himself.
He opened a gymnasium for young folks and introduced European sports.
He failed to see Leonora Rivera.
Leonora’s mother did not like him to be son in-law
Storm Over Noli
Few weeks after his arrival, Rizal received a letter from
Governor General Emelio Terrero
requesting him to come to Malacañang Palace. When Governor General Terrero informed him of the charge,
he denied it, explaining that he merely exposed the truth, but the did not advocate subversive ideas.
Gov. Gen. Terrero was pleased by Rizal’s explanation and curious about his book and
he asked the author to have a copy of the Noli so that he could read it.
Arrival in Manila
arrived in Manila. He stayed in the city for a short time. He found Manila the same as when he left it 5 years ago.
Decision to Return Home
Because of the publication of the Noli
Me Tangere and the uproar it caused
among the friars, Rizal was warned by
Paciano (his brother),
Silvestre Ubaldo (his brother-in-law),
Chengoy (Jose M. Cecilio),
and other friends to return home.
, he returned to Calamba. His family welcomed him affectionally, with plentiful tears of joys. His family became worried about his safety. Paciano did not leave him to protect him from any enemy assault.
In Calamba, Rizal established a
first patient was his mother
, who was almost blind.
News of the arrival of a great doctor from Germany spread far and wide. Patients from manila and other province flocked to Calamba.
June 29, 1887- In Rome, Rizal wrote to his father announcing his homecoming.
Chapter 10: Rizal's First Homecoming, 1887-88
Rizal had no copy then because the only copy that he brought home was given to a friend. But he promised to secure one for the General. Fortunately, Rizal found a copy and gave it to General Terrero. He knew that Rizal’s life was jeopardy because the friars were powerful. For security measures he assigned a young
Spanish lieutenant Don Jose Taviel de Andrade, as bodyguard of Rizal.
But Rizal’s enemies were powerful. The
Archbishop of Manila, Msgr. Pedro Payo
sent a copy of the Noli to
Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria
of the University of Santo Tomas for examination by a committee of the faculty.
The report of the faculty members of UST stated that the Noli was
“heretical, impious, and scandalous in the religious order, and antipatriotic, subversive of public order, injurious to the government of Spain and its f unction in the Philippine Island in the political order”.
Governor General Terrero was
with the report of he Dominicans. He sent the novel to the
Permanent Commission of Censorship.
The report of this commission was drafted by its head,
Fr. Salvador Font, Augustinian Cura of Tondo,
& submitted to Governor General on Dec. 29. It found the novel to contain Subversive ideas against the church and Spain and recommended
“that the importation, reproduction and circulation of this pernicious book in the island be absolutely prohibited”.
Fr. Salvador Font, Augustinian Cura of Tondo
Permanent Commission of Censorship
Archbishop of Manila, Msgr. Pedro Payo and Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria
Attackers of Noli
Father Font printed his report and distributed copies of it in order to discredit the controversial novel.
Father Jose Rodriguez, Prior of Guadalupe, published a series of eight pamphlets under the general heading Cuestiones de Sumo Interes (Questions of Supreme Interest) to blast the Noli and other anti-Spanish writings.
1. Porque no los he des leer? (Why should I not read them?).
2. Guardaos de ellos. Porque? (Beware of them. Why?).
3. Y-que me dice usted de la peste? (And what can you tell me of Plague?)
4. Por que triunfan los impios? (Why do the impious triumph?).
5. Cree usted que de versa no hay purgatorio? (Do you think there is really no purgatory?).
6. Hay o no hay infierno? (Is there or is there no hell?).
7. Que le parece austed de esos libelos? (What do you think of these libels?).
8. Confesion o condenacion?(Confession or Damnation?).
Defenders of Noli
Father Sanchez Rizal’s favorite teacher in Ateneo, defended and praised it in public.
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
Antonio Ma. Regidor
Graciano Lopez Jaena
Rizal and Taviel Andrade
What marred Rizal’s happy days in Calamba with Andrade were:
The death of his older sister, Olimpia
The groundless tales circulated by his enenmies that he was “a German spy, a protestant, a mason and a witch, a soul beyond salvation, etc.
Findings submitted by Rizal
hacienda of the Dominican Order
comprised not only the lands around Calamba,
but the whole town of Calamba.
The profits of the Dominican Order
continually increased because of the arbitrary increase of he rentals
paid by the tenants.
hacienda owner never contributed a single centavo
for the celebration of the town fiesta, for the education of the children, and for the improvement of agriculture.
who spent much labor in clearing the lands
of the said lands
for flimsy reasons
High rates of interest
were arbitrarily charged the tenants
for delayed payment of rentals
rentals could not be paid
, the hacienda management
confiscated the work animals, tools, and farm implements of the tenants.
Rizal’s reasons for leaving the Philippines
His presence in Calamba was jeopardizing the safety and happiness of his family and friends.
He could not fight better his enemies and serve his country’s cause with greater efficacy by writing in foreign countries.
Himno Al Trabajo
poem for Lipa
– shortly before Rizal left in 1888, he was asked by a friend to write a poem in
commemoration of the town’s cityhood.
Himno Al Trabajo (Hymn To Labor)
– title of the poem dedicated to the industrious people of Lipa.
February 3, 1888
Rizal left his country with a heavy heart.
But this is
for his own good and the safety of his family and friends.
Governor General Terrero and LieutenantTaviel de Andrade