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Triplett's Experiment on Social Facilitation
Transcript of Triplett's Experiment on Social Facilitation
-Triplett analyzed the results of many races and found that those with pacemakers covered the mile five seconds quicker then those with out(on average)
-Norman wanted to test his ideas by conducting an experiment - In 1898, Triplett conducted an experiment where children were to wind thread on a reel - Norman Triplett, a Psychology Professor in the late 1800s, published his studies called "Dynamogenic Factors in Pacemaking and Competition" after the experiments in the American Journal of Psychology - Triplett's reports on the experiment with the children said that they performed the same or worse with co-actors then alone If a person is working out, and another person walks into the room, the person who is working out will have better results then he had before -the improvement of one's performance when another person is present - Social Facilitation occurs in the presence of a co-action (in the incident where the task performance increases due to the presence of others doing the same task) and a passive spectator ( in an incident where an audience is present it increases the task performance) -Scientists who studied the co-action effects are Chen(1937) and Platt, Yaksh, and Darby(1967) -Scientists who studied the audience effect are Dashiell(1935), Travis(1925), and Pessin(1933) - There were two conditions, one where the children were working alone and the the other where children were in pairs, but worked alone - What he saw confirmed his hunch, the children worked faster while there was competition - This experiment displayed the co-action effect - These studies were the first in Psychology to be written explaining why group change is important to the athletic performance - This was the foundation to sports Psychology research for future studies as well as the first social Psychology experiment - Triplett's results affected other experiments showing that the presence of a person can affect one differently - Co-action was the key to Triplett's observations and explanation, but was later proved that it was unimportant for social facilitation effects - Only the presence of others was necessary in the end "Cancer Drug Shows Promise against MS, but with Some Risks - USATODAY.com." Cancer Drug Shows Promise against MS, but with Some Risks - USATODAY.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
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"PSI CHI: The International Honor Society in Psychology." Eye on Psi Chi: Fall 2007. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
"Social" Facilitation" As Challenge and Threat. | Wendy Berry Mendes - Academia.edu." Social" Facilitation" As Challenge and Threat. | Wendy Berry Mendes - Academia.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
"Social Facilitation: How and When Audiences Improve Performance." PsyBlog RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
"Social Facilitation." Social Facilitation. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
"Sport Psychology Process." Donna Perry Consulting. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. Norman Triplett - a psychologist who studied at the Indian University - born in 1861 - he wrote the first published study in the field of social psychology - died in 1931