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An Introduction to the Essential Questions

Kenda Benner

on 1 June 2010

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Transcript of Manja

Is war ever justified? Climate and Vegetation The manja live in small clusters of houses that are isolated and independent of one another. Here we go!!!! Manja Location Northern Congo (Zaire) Population of Manja is 24,000. Major language spoken is Manja (Equatorial Bantu) Crops they grew included sorghum, maize, manioc. The crops surround the dripping rainforest. Bananas, taro, and yams also take an important role in their diet. Manja has a tropical rain forest to tropical wet-and-dry climate. Temperatures are extremely hot and humid. Daytime highs 30-35 degrees Celsius. Nighttime lows are below 20 degrees Celsius. The average annual temperature is 26.7 Degrees Celsius. Vegetation is extremely rich and diversified.
Animals consist of elephants, lions, leapords, chimpanzee, gorilla, wolves, pythons, crocodile, parrots, flamingos, ants, mosquito, etc. Kenda Benner
Dustin LaRoque World Geography History of Manja They originally migrated from the area around Lake Chad to the north with the Ngbaka and Gbaya peoples, to escape slave traders.
The Ngbaka and Gbaya are their current neighbors.
The Europeans arrived late in the 19th century. The Manja have already finished their migration. Economy Men fish in the local rivers and manage to snare the occasional meal through sporadic hunting.
The major rivers are used for regional trade. GDP: $6.5 billion, per capita $195; real growth rate 2.8% (1988) External debt: $8.6 billion (December 1989 est.) Agriculture: cash crops--coffee, palm oil, rubber, quinine; food crops--cassava, bananas, root crops, corn Industries: mining, mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, and cigarettes), processed foods and beverages, cement, diamonds Political System The eldest male member of each extended family is recognized as the leader among them.
Men often marry several wives, the women are given their own home to raise their children.
Men are responsible for clearing the land using slash and burn techniques, while the rest of the work is done by the women. Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east Palm oil production Congolese farmer Political parties and leaders: Popular Movement of the Revolution (MPR), only legal party Elections: elections for rural collectivities' urban zone councils and for the Legislative Council of the Popular Movement of the Revolution were held June-September 1982; presidential referendum/election held July 1984, next scheduled for 1991 Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko, president of Zaire and supreme commander of the FAZ
Courtesy Agence Zaïre Presse Religion One particular ancestor, Ngakola, once lived on among the Manja with his wife, Ngandala, and daughter, Yamisi. He had the power to give and take life.
This great power is very much revered by the Manja, and he is represented in several sculptures found in museum collections. Manja religion centers around the ancestors. Important ancestral figures are represented in figures to which offerings are made in hope of receiving their blessings. Thought to embody ancestors who are responsible for the clan's wealth.
Mambila Statue Art Manja style is very similar to the Ngbaka and Ngbandi, although Manja figures usually do not have the thick scarification patterns that typify their neighbors. Ngbandi mask Ngbaka art Future for Manja AIDS will spread throughout the rest of the Manja people. Education of african children African Boy The National Institute of Social Security in Zaire provides pensions and other social benefits to salaried workers. In the mid-1980s Zaire had about 1300 physicians and 64,100 hospital beds. Sources http://www.internationaleducationmedia.com/zaire/index.htm

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