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Shannon Cottle

on 15 February 2013

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by Shannon Cottle & Alexis Gilliland Islam Origins Main Beliefs Sacred Writings Description of Festivals Description of God Assessment Questions Works Cited Islam was founded in 622 C.E. by the prophet Muhammad. Islam is practiced all over the world, but its religious center is Mecca. The word Islam means "surrender" or "Peace", and the fundamental meaning of Islam is to "surrender to God". Islam believe in the writings in the Quran which tells the story of Allah's revelation to humanity. The Quran states that God created the world in six days. They believe Adam and Eve were separated, and upon their reunion Adam built Kaaba, their religious center. Islam teaches that Abraham was the founding father of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. "God alone is the Almighty, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the sustainer of everything in the whole universe." Islams are monotheistic. They refer to God as Allah, and believe that he is all powerful and created everything. God will judge you on your deeds, weighing the good deeds more heavily than the bad. Allah judges his followers upon the Day of Judgement, they day you die. At least once in an Islam's life, they must make the journey to Mecca located in Saudi Arabia. Inside of the holy city of Mecca is the Kaaba, Adam's shrine to God. In the presence of the Kaaba, Islams must circle the shrine seven times in a counter clock-wise direction, symbolic of the angles circling God's throne. Many islams touch or kiss the shrine if they can get close enough, it is believed that the once white shrine turned black from absorbing all of the sins of those who touch it. For many Islams the pilgrimage to Mecca is a deeply religious experience because they are visiting the place that they have been praying towards their entire life. 1) Where is Mecca located and what does it represent?

2) Name two of the Five Pillars of Islam.

3) What is the name the Islams call God by? http://www.patheos.com/Library/Islam/Origins/Founders?offset=0&max=1





http://mysteryoftheinquity.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/mecca14.jpg The Quran describes God as all powerful and the creator of all things. They believe that God judges them upon their good and bad deeds. They don't believe that Jesus was God's son but instead that he was another one of God's prophets. The Archangel Gabriel, taught Adam the rites of pilgrimage, Noah how to build the arc and helped Moses to free the Egyptians. At the end of their lives, Islams believe that on the day of judgement, God decides if they go to heaven or hell. Description of Practices Islams worship in mosques located all over the world. They pray five times a day, always facing Mecca which is their religious center. The insides of mosques are void of statues or symbols, the walls are covered with mosaics or scriptures and the floors are covered in carpets or mats to pray on. All Islams must obey the Five Pillars of Islam. These pillars are charity to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, ritual prayer, and pledging the faith.
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