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The Sahel

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on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of The Sahel

The Sahel in Africa
Flora and Fauna

The Sahel was formerly home to large populations of grazing mammals, along with large predators. The larger species have been greatly reduced in number by over-hunting and competition with livestock.

Where do the people live, work, and how do they move around?
What is the Sahel?
The Sahel is the zone of transition, in Africa, between the Sahara desert to the north and the tropical rainforest to the south. Having a semi-arid climate, it stretches across the southern countries of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea.
Where is the Sahel?

The Sahel is mainly flat, and the region mostly lies between 660 and 1,310 feet in elevation. Several isolated plateaus and mountain ranges rise from the Sahel. Annual rainfall varies from around 4 inches - 24 inches.
Picture of Flora
Map of Sahel
The Sahel spans 3,360 miles from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east, in a belt that varies from several hundred to 620 miles in width, covering an area of 1,178,850 square miles.
The Sahel is mostly covered in grasses, with areas of trees and shrubs. Grass cover is fairly continuous across the region, dominated by annual grass species. During the long dry season, many trees lose their leaves.
Picture of Fauna
Desertification and
Soil Loss
Over-farming, over-grazing, over-population, and natural soil erosion have caused serious desertification of the region.

On 25 August 2008, heavy dust storms passed over the eastern plains of Somalia and the northeast of a still drought-hit Kenya.
Major dust storms are a frequent occurrence, as well. During November 2004, a number of major dust storms hit Chad. This is a common area for dust storms (occurring, on average, 100 days every year).
Major Dust Storm in the Sahel
Where Do Most People Live?
Most people who live in the Sahel live near the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea.
This gives the people access to trading their goods.

Population Density Map
Where do People work in the Sahel?
Other people are substantial farmers. This means they only make a enough money to buy there family's necessities.
Traditionally, most of the people in the Sahel have been semi-nomads, farming and raising livestock.
Nomads in the Sahel
Substantial farmers in the Sahel
How people move around
in the Sahel
Most people that live in the Sahel walk, bike, or sometimes drive an animal driven cart to get where they want to go.
People who live in major cities in the Sahel ride buses, cars, and trains.
The Sahel region is considered a cultural hearth for Africa. The area tends to find Islam religions in the North and non-Islam in the South. Since a majority of this region is religiously divided, there have been many civil wars between the Islamic and non-Islamic people in the countries. The country of Sudan was involved in one of these civil wars in 2011. In 1993, the United States aided in a civil war in the city of Mogadishu in the country of Somalia.
Muslims who live in the Sahel.
Christians in the Sahel
Traditional religions in the Sahel
Full transcript