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Metadata for Librarians

presentation talk
by

Linda Feesey

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Metadata for Librarians

Linked Data and Metadata: an introduction to the basics of metadata applications and schemas for librarians and librarian cataloguers Author: Title: Content type: Provenance: Lee, T. B. Cataloguing has a future Spoken word Audio disc Metadata Donated by the author Carrier type: Name: Biography: ... Name authority Term: Definition: ... Subject authority Content type: Subject: Spoken word Catalogue Record “Metadata is structured information that describes, explains, locates, or otherwise makes it easier to retrieve, use, or manage an information resource.” – L. Howarth 2012. Metadata and its impact on libraries
by Intner, Sheila S.
Contributors: Lazinger, Susan S. ; Weihs, Jean Riddle.
2006, Book, v, 262 p.
025.3 INT 025.3 INT
020. library and information science
025. library operations
025.3 metadata
025.3 INT author Sheila S. Intner LOD: “Library” corner Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a web-based syntax for: subject – predicate – object
- Metadata about real-world objects (books, people, etc.)
- Metadata about the predicates (definition, label, scope, etc.)
- Common predicates apply to many types of thing (human-readable label, etc.) RDF Metadata statement is constructed in 3 parts - a “Triple” syntax A bibliographic triple http://iflastandards.info/ns/isbd/elements/P1001 URI - Uniform Resource Identifier Namespaces Dublin Core elements dct
http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/ Contributor
Coverage
Creator
Date
Description
Format
Identifier
Language Publisher
Relation
Rights
Source
Subject
Title
Type Dublin Core expressed in RDF <rdf:Description>
<dc:title>Treasure Island</dc:title>
<dc:creator>Robert Louis Stevenson</dc:creator>
<dc:format>Book</dc:format>
<dc:identifier>ISBN 0333776267</dc:identifier>
</rdf:Description> Lee, T. B. Cataloguing has a future. - Audio disc
(Spoken word). - Donated by the author. 1. Metadata Audio shop Lee Museum Spoken word archive W3C Library Galaxies merging nationalgeographic.com Author: Title: Content type: Provenance: Subject: Lee, T. B. Cataloguing has a future Spoken word Audio disc Subject Metadata Donated by the author Carrier type: From flat-file description ... ... to FRBR record Name: Biography: ... Annotated Bibliography:

Dublin Core. (2012). Retrieved from http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/
http://dublincore.org/documents/2009/05/18/profile-guidelines/

Dunsire, G. (2011, May 27). Linked Data and the Implications for Library Cataloguing: Metadata Models and Structures in the Semantic Web. Canadian Library Conference, Halifax NS. Presentation slides available from http://www.cla.ca/conference/2011/postcon.html
Metadata guru for librarians, Gordon Dunsire explains the basics of using metadata to link content on the internet. Includes many helpful diagrams.

Gilliland, J.A. (2008). Setting the Stage. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/

Hart, A. (2010). The RDA primer: a guide for the occasional cataloger. Santa Barbara, CA.: Linworth.
A comprehensive guide that teaches how to populate triples with metadata.

Howarth, L. C. (2005). Metadata and Bibliographic Control: Soul-Mates or Two Solitudes?
Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 40(3-4). 37-56
Metadata schemas have been developed to meet the needs of particular fields or domains and to support a variety of functions related to resource discovery. The challenge now is to realize global interoperability between these schemas and applications such as MARK and Dublin Core.

NISO. (). Understanding Metadata. NISO Press.
NISO, a non-profit association accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The article describes technical standards to organize information online for easily retrieval and linking.

Ross, S. (May 12, 2009). The Future of Our Digital Heritage.
http://news.utoronto.ca/future-our-digital-heritage
Dean of University of Toronto’s iSchool, Seamus Ross explains how metadata can preserve our digital legacy. Adding metadata can provide information to mitigate this confusions arising from varying standards for storage, coding structure and presentation. INFORMATION Scientific American 2001 MARC view.
MARC structures the content for the public access view. FRBR- Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Diagram by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/ The bibliographic sector. Metadata added to digital objects and web objects unlocks information trapped in HTML code, as well as private servers and databases connected to the internet. Cataloguing syntax and controlled vocabularies can easily be expressed in metadata for the world wide web. * Catalogue records are a ready source of high-quality metadata. Catalogue records were automated into machine (computer) readable format in the 1960's with the implementation of MARC - Machine readable record cataloguing. This is a record from an online public
access catalogue. The name in a single universal form is stored in the Name Authority File.

The subject headings in controlled voacabulary terms are held in separate file. The Flat file fills its name field from the Name authority file. It fills the fields for subject terms from the file of standardized subject headings.

* This is a three part relational database conforming to the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2).
Descriptive cataloging Standards.
Resource description & access. FRBR is an intermediate stage toward a metadata application for web-enabled bibliographic records. FRBR is a new perspective on the structure and relationships of bibliographic and authority records, and also a moreprecise vocabulary to define the relationships between the originating work and its expression, manifestations and individual items. The online universe of metadata schemas. The title of this book is “Treasure island”
Subject of the statement = Subject: This book
Nature of the statement = Predicate: has title
Value of the statement = Object: “Treasure island”
This book – has title – “Treasure island” A Bibliographic Triple. The syntax retrieves its meanings from online databases of controlled terms. URI and URL citations locate the semantic component. The title of this book is “Treasure island”
Subject of the statement = Subject: This book
Nature of the statement = Predicate: has title
Value of the statement = Object: “Treasure island” Behind each line in the RDA is a
machine- readable triple:
This book – has title – “Treasure island” Catalogues are metadata schemas.

Librarians are metdata professionals ready to define relationships and add meaning to digtial objects. That definition covers both metdata and cataloguing. LCSH
RDF
XML
Dublin Core
MODS
METS
Premis Semantic interoperability and heterogenous metadata schemas are supported by common standards. High-quality structured data attached digital objects makes them easier to retrieve.

Metadata applications and schemas provide a standardized syntax that can be interpreted by computers.

Computers, not just people, can extract meaning from digital content.

Computers manipulate the information according to its meaning to create additional knowledge. This adds the functionality of a catalogue to information available on the internet. *025.3 Dewey Decmial clasification-
the world's first smart number. The number is a metadata schema describing the work's contents. from the Uninversity of Toronto OPAC MAchine-Readable Cataloguing was developed in the 1960's to facilitate library automation (computerization. It made Online Public Access Catalogues possible. MARC Inserted from the Name Authority File FRBR identifies the relationship of a digital manifestation. Controlled vocabularies and standards for syntax are used in digital metatdata schemas. Their relationships tell computers how to understand the meaning of the metdata. Virtual International Authority File overseen by OCLC. This database holds information on the ISBD, International Stand Book Number. It is hosted by IFLA, the International International Federation of Library Associations Dublin Core is a metadata application for the internet. It defines elements and gives them semantic value. www.dublincore.org * A computer can make sense from this and manipulate this information to create additional knowledge.
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