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Transcript of Ibn Batuta
Chronology of Life and Travels
Newsletter on Ibn Battuta
Details of the trip:
1325-1327 - Morocco to Mecca
Ibn Battuta first journey during the years of 1325 and 1326 was to the holy city of Mecca by way of North Africa, Eqypt, Palestine and Syria. Upon arrival in Tunis he felt homesick but he did not turn and head back home, he proceeded with his journey.
Class teacher: Ms. Neelofar
Chronology of the life and travels of Ibn Battuta
1304 Ibn Battuta is born in Tangier, North Africa
1320 Tughluq dynasty was founded by Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq in Delhi, India.
1324 emperor of Mali, Mansa Musa, went on a 3,500-mile pilgrimage to Mecca.
1324 The Venetian world traveler Marco Polo dies.
1325-26 Ibn Battuta traveled from Tangiers to Egypt, Syria and Arabia
1327 Ibn Battuta travels through Persia.
1330s The Black Death (bubonic plague) originates in Asia, spreading along trade routes through Asia, Europe and North Africa. Millions die worldwide.
1331 Ibn Battuta travels Africa’s east coast.
1333 Ibn Battuta visits Anatolia.
1334 Ibn Battuta is appointed qadi, or judge, of Delhi by Sultan Muhammad Tughluq.
1336 Hindu rebellion against Muslim rule in India leads Harihara I to found Hindu kingdom Vijayanagar.
c. 1340 Rebellions in Yuan, China, result in foundation of Ming Dynasty in 1368.
1345-46 Ibn Buttata visits Southeast Asia and China.
1349 Travels in North Africa, Spain and western Africa
c. 1350 Swahili kingdoms of eastern Africa rise to prominence as major trade and cultural centers.
1350 Ibn Battuta travels to Al-Andalus (Spain) and through Morocco.
1351-3 Ibn Battuta travels through the Sahara Desert and moves on to Mali.
1368/69 Ibn Battuta dies; he is believed to be buried in Tangier.
1327-1330-East Africa and back to Arabia some travel by boat
After a 2 month sojourn in Tunis he completed his 1st Hajj, he then decided to visit Iraq and Persia. After completing his 2nd Hajj, Ibn Battuta sailed down the eastern coast of Africa to the area of Tanzania. Ibn Battuta never wanted to travel the same route twice so his return to Mecca involved sailing to Oman, the Persian Gulf, then an overland caravan to Arabia and Mecca.
1330-1333-To India by Anatolia and Asia
Around this time in his life he needed employment and learned that the Sultan in Delhi, India was seeking learned men for employment as qadi's (judges) to interpret Islamic law. In 1330, off he went to India by way of Egypt, Syria and Asia Minor.
1333-1341 - Black Sea to West Asia
He then traveled across the Black Sea to West Asia and on to Constantinople. Ibn Battuta returned to West Asia still making his way to India he reached the Indus River Valley around 1335. He found employment and spent 8 years working as a qadi.
1341-1349 - From India to China
The Sultan of Delhi appointed Ibn Battuta to lead a mission to the Mongol emperor of China. Ibn Battuta's travels did not always proceed without danger. During his journey to China he was shipwrecked off the coast of India all was lost, the Sultan had entrusted Ibn Battuta with valuable goods. Fearful he would not be forgiven for these losses he did not return to India but traveled to southern India, Ceylon and the Maldive Islands. In the Maldive Islands he was employed as a qadi and married for political reasons. In his writings he comments on women's dress and customs of the islands all the while being rewarded for completing his duties with money, land and slaves. He remained on the Maldive Islands for approximately 3 years and set out again, this time to China. He traveled by sea and visited Bengal, Burma and Sumatra.
1349-1354 - Grenada and then to Mali
He returned to Mecca in 1346 to perform the Hajj one more time. When he completed his duties in Mecca he began his journey home arriving in Fez in 1349. By 1350 he was on the move again this time to Grenada on the Iberian Peninsula. Still not completely satisfied that he had traveled all of Dar al Islam he joined a caravan to cross the Sahara to visit Mali. In 1355 he finally returned home. When writing his Rihla (travel book) Ibn Battuta used the Muslim calendar, therefore, depending on your source dates will vary.
Comparative study of Columbus and Battuta
1304-1368 or 1369 C.E.
Born in Tangier
A law student and Islamic scholar
Traveled for religious reasons.
Published The Rihla
1451- 1506 C.E
Born in Genoa
He travelled to find more land
Did not publish anything
Collage on Art and Architecture of Islamism
Guide: Zoom in to see it well