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World Geo Ch. 29-31: Eastern Asia

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Bryan Poepperling

on 10 May 2016

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Transcript of World Geo Ch. 29-31: Eastern Asia

Welcome to Eastern Asia!
Chapters 29-31
Mt. Everest, China, and Japan

Mr. Poepperling
Standards and Objectives
Standards
- SS.912 G4.6, SS.912 G5.4, SS.912 G5.5, SS.912 W8.3

Objectives:
1. Describe how people can enjoy and protect the beauty of Mt. Everest

2. Explain how China solves at least three challenges it faces because of population growth

3. Describe at least three challenges the Japanese face because of population density and one solution to these problems

Japan
China
Nepal
India
Mongolia
North Korea
South Korea
http://www.google.com/maps/about/behind-the-scenes/streetview/treks/the-worlds-highest-peaks/
Mt. Everest
- Trek up the Mountain on Google Earth!
Geographic Setting: Ch. 29
- Mt. Everest is located in the Himalaya Mountains of southern Asia, between Nepal and China
- It is the tallest mountain
in the world!!
Acclimatize:

If you do not acclimatize:
Problems when climbing a
mountain:
From Lukla to Base Camp
- For most people, the quest to climb Mt. Everest begins in
Kathmandu
, the capital of Nepal
- From Kathmandu climbers fly to the town of
Lukla, at 9,350 feet above sea level

- Base camp is further up the mountain at
17,600 feet above sea level
Tourism
- Has had a major impact on the
people and environment of Nepal,
which is an LDC
+ Tourism brings in money,
as they pay for food, lodging,
and supplies
- Deforestation has occurred
because many trees are needed
for log cabins, heating, and fuel
for cooking for tourists
From Base Camp to Camp One
Khumbu Icefall
- The most dangerous section of the climb, with more
climbers dying here than on any other part of the mountain
- Some climbers are crushed
by avalanches, others die
falling into deep cracks in
the ice
Sherpas
- They are guides, cooks, and porters,
setting up camps and carrying
supplies up the mountain
- Every climbing expedition has a
sherpa; they are Himalayan people
and excellent climbers
Camp One to the Summit!
Valley of Silence
- Named because the ridges on either side of the valley block the wind: you can only hear your breathing and the crunch of the snow
pg. 426: Describe what
it is like to reach the summit!
Camp IV
- a.k.a the "Death Zone"
it is the final camp before the summit.
- Named because at this elevation, it is hard to breathe
- It is the site of major dumping of trash and even dead bodies
Geographic Setting: Ch. 30
- Where is China located in the world?
China's landscape:
*China is the most populous country*
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/china-population/
- A country's population grows
when its birth rate each year is
higher than its death rate
- The annual growth rate in a
country is referred to as the
rate of natural increase
Doubling Time =
The time it takes for a population to double in size
Population Control: Plan 1
One Child Policy:
Government family
planning program which limited each married couple to just one child

- Government rewarded couples who
followed the policy and punished those
who did not
Mao Zedong
- One of china's most important leaders
- He led a revolution that brought
communist power to government in
1949
He created the
Great Leap Forward:


**HOWEVER... once the population grew too high, and after Zedong's death, the government needed to slow down population growth**
Solution=
Population Control: Plan 2
- Provide more clean energy
China has the world's largest population, because of this they consume the second-largest amount of energy in the world
- To help meet energy demands, the chinese have looked to
hydroelectric

power
for use
- The Chinese have created the largest dam in the
world in the Yangtze River: the
Three Gorges Dam
is more than 600 feet high and 1.3 miles wide
Write down
three
benefits of using hydroelectric power through the Three Gorges Dam
Population Control: Plan 3
- Promote economic growth
- Under Mao Zedong, the chinese did not want interaction with businesses from other countries

- After Mao's death, new leaders took over China and opened its economy to the rest of the world
- The new leaders created SEZ's or special economic zones for business interaction without government involvement
Positive +
- SEZs have brought economic growth to China
Negative -
These special economic zones have widened the gap between the rich and poor in China=
unequal distribution of wealth
Geographic Setting and Population Density: Japan
- Japan is located in an archipelago (chain of islands) that lies off the Eastern Asian mainland
- The archipelago was formed millions of years ago by tectonic plate collisions under the sea and from hardened lava from volcanoes
Japan does not have a large amount of arable land
- land suited for growing crops
- Many Japanese live on only 1/8 of Japan's total land, because only 1/8 of the islands are farm-able

1. Arithmetic population density
2. Physiological population density
- adjusting to lower oxygen levels
at higher elevations
- You could get sick from lack of
oxygen at high elevations
1. Exposure
2. Too much trash from climbers
3. Overcrowding on the mountain
Eastern Asia
Mountains, plateaus,
basins, the Gobi Desert, and floodplains
covered with rice fields
- helped China become a modern
industrial country
- Increase steel production and
increase the population
Problem
Solution
1. Clean energy from a renewable source
2. Food control
3. Assistance in shipping on the river
Problem
Solution
Because people tend to live very close together on this small amount of land, geographers developed two ways of measuring how crowded a country is:
Population Density vs. - Transportation
- Housing
- Land Use
- Health
Transportation Problems:
1. Commuting time is long
2. Traffic congestion
Housing Problems:
1. Expensive housing
2. Crowded homes
Solutions:
1. Efficient public transit system
2.
Making good use of limited space (small appliances)
There is simply not enough space to meet everyone's needs!
Solution:
- Skyscrapers and subterranean shopping centers
- Create new land by filling in shallow areas with dirt
Sewage and waste create
a problem:
Solution:
- Sick masks to avoid disease
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 29-31
1. What can climbers do to protect the beauty of Mount Everest?

2. What policy did the Chinese create to handle overpopulation?

3. Name and describe a problem with population density the japanese have and a solution to it.
Full transcript