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Mentoring and coaching: similarities and differences

This Prezi shows the brief understanding of mentoring and coaching, by making comparison between these two terms.

Zhanar Kassenova

on 10 May 2011

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Transcript of Mentoring and coaching: similarities and differences

What is mentoring? Mentoring is a 'developmental, caring, sharing and helping relationship where one person invests time, know-how, and efford in enhancing another person's growth, knowledge and skills' (Shea, 1999, p.3). What is coaching? Coaching is an 'ongoing professional relationship that helps people produce extraordinary results in their lives, career, business, or organizations. In the process clients deepen their learning, improve their performance, and enhance their quality of life' (Whitworth et al. (International Coaching Federation, 2007), cited in Craig, 2010, p.1). So... Both mentoring and coaching are the 'process' or 'relationship' that provides the clients with individualised professional development via improving skills and performance, enhancing their behaviour, and achieveing goals (Hobson, 2003; Bush, 2008; Bush and Middlewood, 2005; Henderson, 2011). First, the coach is generally someone from outside the organisation (Maltbia and Power, 2005; Stokes and Jolly, 2010) in comparison with mentoring where an internal senior manager (teacher) usually acts as a mentor (Bloom et al., 2003; Hobson, 2003; Jarvis, 2004, modified in Joo, 2005, p.474). Second, coaching is generally short-term process whereas mentoring is basically a long or medium term (Stern, 2004; Feldman and Lankau, 2005; Joo, 2005). Third, executive coaching tends to imply a systematic and structured process composed of various approaches and assessment techniques including interviews, questionnaires, 360-degree feedback, personality and leadership style inventories. By contrast, the mentoring process seems to be less structured and has less systematic methods (Joo, 2005; Feldman and Lankau, 2005) Fourth, mentoring is more people-focused and diverse from socialization to management development whereas coaching presents the issue and problem centred approach and mostly focused on improving performance through self-awareness and learning (Jarvis, 2004, modified in Joo, 2005). Both of them are widely used in different spheres including Education (Bush, 2008; Hobson, 2007).
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Hobson, A., 2003. Mentoring and Coaching for New Leaders. Nottingham: National College for School Leadership (NCSL).

Jarvis, J., 2004. Coaching and buying coaching services: A guide. London: CIPD.

Joo, B., 2005. Executive Coaching: A Conceptual Framework From an Integrative Review of Practice and Research. Human Resource Development Review, 4 (4), pp.462-488.

Maltbia, T.E. and Power, A., 2005. Diversity's Impact on the Executive Coaching Process. Paper presented at the Academy of Human Resource Development International Conference (AHRD) (Estes Park, CO, Feb 24-27, 2005) pp. 221-228 [Online] Available at: http://www.eric.ed.gov:80/PDFS/ED492298.pdf [Accessed 15 March 2011]

Shea, G., 1999. Making the most of being mentored. Menlo Park,CA: Crisp Learning.

Stern, L.R., 2004. Executive Coaching: A Working Definition. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 56 (3), pp. 154-162.

Whitworth, L., Kimsey-House, H., Kimsey-House, K. and Phillip, S., 2007. Co-Active Coaching New Skills for Coaching People Toward Success in Work and Life. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black. Directive

Mentor/ Coach seen as having expertise
in the area for discussion
Approach is instructional, similar
to tutoring
Mentor/Coach seen as driving the
required actions Non-directive

Mentor/Coach does not need to have
expertise in the area for discussion
Approach is non-directive
Mentee/ Coachee takes responsibility
for setting goals and deciding
on actions
Both mentoring and coaching can be either … or… References: However, what are the main differences between mentoring and coaching???
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