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Dog Health

4-H Workshop
by

Jenn cutler

on 8 August 2014

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Transcript of Dog Health

Your Dog's Health
General Vaccines:

D
istemper

H
epatitis

L
eptospirosis

P
arvo virus

P
ara-influenza
Rabies
Bordatella*
Distemper Virus
How do they get it?
Hepatitis
Dogs transmit Hepatitis through
urination.
They get it by contact
with their
nose and mouth
.
How do they get it?
Leptospirosis
Parvo Virus
Transmitted by
mucus
in nose. Can
lead to "Kennel Cough."
Para-Influenza
How do they get it?
Bordatella
Flea, Tick, Mite, Mosquito, Mange.
Distemper is caused by an
airborne virus that attacks dogs
- Affects brain, lungs,
stomach, & intestines.
How do they get it?
Affects liver,
kidneys, & eyes.
External Parasites
Internal Parasites
- Dogs get them from infested
animals or places.
- Problems:
Feed on the
wax and oils
inside a dog’s ear.
Cause irritation, swelling, and
infection.
Foul
odor
in ear.

- Prevention:
Cleaning ears monthly.
Revoluion. Home Remidee is 50/50 - water/olive oil solution
Mosquito
Sarcoptic Mange
BONUS demo: clean ears, teeth, trim nails, grooming tips
- Tools & Equipment
Prevention:
Vaccinations starting at
8 weeks
, again at
12 weeks
, and again at
16 weeks
. Continue
boosters
every year
.
Fleas
- Dogs get them from infested
animals or places.

- Problems:
Dermatitis
- a skin allergy to fleas, cause skin infection.
Anemia
- lack of iron in the blood.
Carry
Tapeworm
.
-
Frontline+, Advantage, Revolution,Trifexus, K9 Advantix.
Ticks
- Dogs get them from other
animals. (ex: deer)

- Problems:
Burrow in skin & can transmit disease.
Lyme Disease
- stiffens joints and causes
lameness. From deer tick.
Ehrlichiosis
- most dangerous tick-borne disease
organisms known to infect dogs. Brown Dog Tick
Blue Eye
Prevention:
Vaccinations start at
8 weeks
, again at
12 weeks
, and again at
16 weeks.

Continue boosters
every year
.
Prevention:
Most often spread through
infected urine
, and
contaminates water or soil. Other ways it spreads is from
mom-pup, bite wounds, and eating infected meat.
Vaccinations start at
12 weeks
,
16 weeks
. Continue boosters
every year
.
How do they get it?
How do they get it?
The
particles are present almost
everywhere
.
Weak, old, sick dogs
are
more likely to become infected.
Prevention:
Vaccinations start at 8 Weeks, again at
12 weeks
, and again at
16 weeks.
Continue
boosters
every year
.
Rabies
Prevention:
Vaccinations start at 8 Weeks, again at
12 weeks
, and again at
16 weeks.
Continue
boosters
every year
.
Affects trachea & lungs
How do they get it?
Saliva from infected animal that
bites the dog.Sometimes from
particles in the air.
Prevention:
Vaccinations start at
16 weeks
. Continue
boosters
every year
.
Prevention:
"Kennel Cough"
Airborne particles
from being in close
range of an infected
coughing dog.
Commonly spread in
boarding kennels
where there are many dogs.
Affects the brain &
nervous system
This vaccine is optional due to the wide range of strands.
Viruses & Vaccines

Parasite & Prevention

Ears

Dentistry (teeth)
- Prevention Examples:
Frontline+, Revolution, K9 Advantix.
Drinking contaminated water
Ear Mites
- They land on your dog and suck
their blood.

- Problems:
Carry
Microfilariae
which causes
Heartworms
.
Cause scratching which can lead to
secondary
skin infection.

- Prevention:
K9 Advantix
- Dogs get them from contact with
other infected animals.

- Problems:
Small mite that
burrows beneath the skin.
This causes irritation and the animal itches, spreading the mites and causing a
dry, cracked scabs
on the skin.
Skin infection from open wounds.

- Prevention Example:
Revolution,Trifexus.
Affects Liver & Kidneys.
Tapeworm, Hookworm, Roundworm,
Whipworm, Heartworm
Tapeworm
How do they get them?
- A flea larvae eats tapeworm eggs in contaminated feces.When the dog chews on itself to relieve irritation it swallows an infected flea. The tapeworm eggs hatch and grow in the small intestines and some pass with feces.
- Eating infested feces or dead, infected animal.
Hookworm
Roundworm
How do they get them?
- Puppies- from infected Mom while pregnant or nursing
- Adult Dog- ingest eggs in feces
- Eggs hatch in the intestines and
the larvae migrate
through the liver
to the trachea. They are then
coughed up and swallowed
again. This
time the larvae stay in the
small intestine
and lay eggs.

What do they cause?
"Worm-belly" bloated belly.
Diarrhea
Coughing
Abdominal pain
Vomiting
Intestinal blockage
Roundworms in feces or vomit
Severe Infestation- Death
Whipworm
How do they get them?
- Ingesting infected soil, water, feces, or food. They make their wa to the large intestine to mature and lay eggs.
- Eggs can live in an environment from a few months to years.

What do they cause?
Anemia
Weight loss
Intestinal blockage
Bloody diarrhea
Heartworm
How do they get them?
- Mosquitoes carrying
Microfilariae,
bite the dog and become they infected.The larvae make their way through the bloodstream and into the
Pulmonary Arteries
and
right side of Heart
. They then mature into adult worms and live up to 3 years.

What do they Cause?
Coughing, trouble breathing.
Lethargy- slowness, sadness.
Swelling of the heart.
Heart failure
Death
Heartworm
What do they cause?
Anal discomfort
Weight loss
Dull/dry coat fur
Diarrhea
Worms in feces
How do they get them?
- Ingestion of larvae from contaminated soil or water.
- Eating an infected, dead animal.
- Larvae penetrate through the skin.
-Once inside the dog, they
migrate to the small intestines
and lay their eggs.The eggs pass with feces and hatch into larve where they can be consumed by a host.

What do they cause?

Anemia
Weight loss
Dull/dry coat
Diarrhea
Weakness
Severe infestation- Death
Ears
Wax

Infection

Cleaning
Teeth
Ear Infection
Ear Cleaning
Prevention Ex:
-Drontal+
-Advantage Multi
-Trifexus
Jaw/dental chart

Plaque

Gingivitis

Brushing teeth
Prevention Ex:
Trifexus, Drontal,
Advantage Multi
Prevention Ex:
-Drontal+
-Advantage Multi
-Trifexus
How many adult teeth
do dogs have?

Prevention Ex:
- Drontal
42
There are

20
teeth on the
Maxilla.




There are 22
teeth on the
Mandible.
Ear Wax
- Wax is there to protect the ear canal
from infection, loud noises and air particles.
-Normal ear wax should appear yellowish-brown.
Ear wax build-up can cause:
Severe irritation
Hearing loss
Infection
Bad odor
Wax Build-up
Clean Ear
Ear Cleaning

Procedure:
Hold dog's collar.
With a dropper, draw up some of the solution.
Lift ear flap "leathers"
Insert 5-7 drops, or as directed by label, into ear canal
Gently massage base of ear (30 sec).
Place a cotton ball at the ear base to help loss of solution because your dog will shake its head.
Repeat with other ear.

Remove cotton balls when finished.
DO NOT FORGET THEM!
Ear Cleaning
- Infection can be on leathers(ear flap) or inside ear.
- Most are a result of parasites, fungi, bacteria, or allergies.
Possible symptoms along with infection:
Heavy wax build-up (black)
Dirty ears
Bad smell
Scratching, shaking, rubbing to relieve itch and irritation.
Dogs with floppy ears, long ears, or hairy ears are very likely to get an ear infection. Just another reason to keep their ears clean!
The Ear Canal
Things you will need:
Cotton swabs
Cotton balls
Dropper
Dog Ear wipes
Cleaning solution
Treats
- If the dog is particularly aggressive, you may need to use a muzzle.
- Ears should be cleaned once a week.
Procedure:
Using ear wipes, gently rub leathers to
remove dirt.
Q-tips to dig out wax from ear base.
Prevention Ex:
-Revolution, Advantage Multi, Heartgard.
Leathers and Base
Plaque
Gingivitis
Brushing Your Dog's Teeth
Dog are unable to brush their own teeth. So we have to do it for them.
Build up of particles on the tooth enamel along the gum line.
Composed of bacteria, saliva, food
particles
If left untreated, plaque leads to tarter.
Tarter irritates the gums and causes Gingivitis.
Things you will need:
DOG Toothpaste
Toothbrush
Treats
You will need to introduce it one step at a time
1. Sit with your dog and while calmly petting them, gently stroke their cheeks and sides of their mouth.
2. Put some DOG toothpaste on your finger have your dog lick it off.
3. Put another dab on and rub it gently on their gums.
4. Put toothpaste on brush and apply it to the incisors.
5. Gradually move to canines and molars.
6. Brush the outside of all teeth and the inside of the front teeth.
Teeth should be brushed 3 times a week.
Swelling
of the gums. Plaque is present
and gums are
mildly red
.
Present
bacteria
in the gums releases
toxins and destroy gums.
If left untreated, it can lead to periodontists
Thank you!
Are there any questions before we review?
Affects heart, stomach,
& intestines
Affects trachea
& lungs
Prevention Examples:
What does DHLPP stand for?

What are the 5 external parasites?

What are the 5 internal parasites?

What is a secondary parasite of fleas?

How often should you clean your dog's ears?

How often should you brush their teeth?
Full transcript