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Transcript of Aristotle
Examples of These 3 Laws
Rationalism: A belief or theory that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response.
Aristotle on rationalism: Aristotle talks about rationalism from his syllogistic logic. (Using a logical theory).
Impact on the
When and Where
Born in Stagira, Chaldicice, Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. He was born in 384B.C and died in 322B.C. He is known for his views on natural law, rationalism and equity.
Main Features of the Legal System
Natural Law: Natural law is the concept of law that is believed or reputed to be the case determined by nature, so its universal and not written down.
Aristotle's Belief: The best evidence of Aristotle's having thought there was a natural law comes from the Rhetoric, where Aristotle notes that, aside from the "particular" laws that each people has set up for itself, there is a "common" law that is according to nature.
Equity: The quality of being fair and a branch of law that developed alongside common law to remedy some of its defects in fairess and justice.
Natural Law: the legal system in Vatican city is an example of natural law since it has been passed down from the catholic church for many, many years.
Rationalism: The creation of agencies to administer laws such as the Environmental Protection Agency.
Equity: There are 12 "vague ethical statements", known as the Maxims of equity that guide the application of equity. These principles are applied to cases before they are decided in courts of equity.
Swearing an oath on the Bible whilst testifying is natural law or God's law, and is implemented in the Canadian legal system.
Using a logical, unbiased jury is rational.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a large form of equity in the Canadian legal system.