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HOW: Sources and Uses of Power

Chapter 9 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning

Lisa Schirch

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of HOW: Sources and Uses of Power

Chapter 9 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning
HOW: Sources and Uses of Power
Power & means analysis
Identity & power imbalances
Gender, conflict, & Peacebuilding
Power & Means Analysis
3 Lenses for Sources & Uses of Power
Sources of Power include:

Physical or military strength
Personal ability
Economic resources
Access to information
Moral or spiritual strength
Social capital
Key Questions
What does this lens help us see?
Key Concepts
Power exists in relationships.

Power is always shifting.

People can create power by altering the ways they relate to other people.
Identity and Power Imbalances
Key Questions
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Key Concepts
Social hierarchies exist in most places. And in most places they are a source of conflict.

Power imbalances cause everyday types of problems and conflicts between people for both those higher and lower on social hierarchies. These behaviors include:
Blaming the victim
Denial of differences
Blaming the system
Reverse prejudice
Identifies key stakeholders' sources of power or mean with which they drive & mitigate conflict.
Peacebuilding is a process of empowerment and identifying interdependence of stakeholders upon each other.
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
What does this lens help us see?
Identifies how people tend to rank identity groups, creating power imbalances.
Peacebuilding processes can transform social hierarchies to support human security.
What does this lens help us see?
Gender, Conflict, and Peacebuilding
What does this lens help us see?
Gender roles shape the ways that men and women experience violence and the roles they place in supporting peace.
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Changing gender roles to allow both women and men to play the full range of peacebuilding roles is essential to peacebuilding
Key Concepts
This powerpoint is a resource to be used with the book shown here, published by Lynn Rienner/Kumarian Press, 2013.

For more teaching/learning tools, please visit the book's website at:

The term "sex" refers to biological differences between men and women.

The term "gender" refers to social differences between men and women that are created by the ways cultures' define what it means to be "masculine" or "feminine."

Being sensitive to gender means paying attention to the social differences between men & women
Religious oppression
Linguistic Discrimination
Forms of Violence
Against Women
Women's Roles in Peacebuilding
Socialization for peace
Concern for all forms of violence
Linked to women's networks
Mobilized around ideology of womanhood
Full transcript