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US Relations With North Korea

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by

Abbey Gabriel

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of US Relations With North Korea

North Korea

United States Modern Day Cult of Personality Propaganda in nursery schools
Kim portraits mandatory in every household
Brainwashed with streams of myths
Three Kim generations glorified as gods
Monuments, films, holidays
Juche calendar Infringement on Freedoms No free media/only regime's voice
Criticism of government → prosecution
Organized religion: potential threat
Buddhists/Christians purged and persecuted
Believers are publicly executed or imprisoned
Illegal to leave without state permission Political and Labor Camps Public Health Public Executions Five hold 150,000-200,000
As large as cities
Three generations purged “blood is guilty”
5x as long as Nazi camps
2x as long as Soviet Gulags
No due process/rule of law Claims to have universal healthcare
Most collapsed in 1990's
Money → available assistance
Many afflicted with preventable/curable diseases Regularly occur
Petty theft, watching South Korean dramas
Forced viewings to instill fear
Family (children) present US Relations Historical Overview Public Policy Committee for Human Rights in North Korea US and Democratic People's Republic of Korea Relations US Department of State Nonprofit NGO
Publicizes abuse in DPRK
Conducts/publishes research Funds NGO's with similar aims
Provides food, electricity and medical supplies
Facilitate adoption by US citizens (Jan 2013)
Calm relations
Ensure safety Significance of Public Policy Keep Americans informed
Threatens US and ally security
Extend democratic ideals
End oppression and communism in DPRK 1950-3: Korean War divides peninsula (38th parallel)
1995: US/DPRK build nuclear reactors
2002: President Bush's "Axis of Evil"
2002: US stops oil shipments
2003: Six-Party Talks
2008: Removed from US Terror Watch List US Goals Peaceful reunification of Korea
DPRK international relations
Resolution to nuclear programs
End of human rights abuses US/DPRK Relations Foreign policy
UN and ASEAN
Swedish Embassy in NK
No formal diplomatic relations NGO's Both implement and form public policy
Raise awareness
Persuade US lawmakers
Provide services for refugees Impact on Americans + Mostly NGO's: funds not mandatory
+ Travel/trade freely with DPRK
+ Erase tensions (promote safety)

- Possible war (pro: possible prevention)
- Massive government funding
- Primarily benefits DPRK, not America Budgetary Impact War: $100 billion/100,000 lives (US Treasury)
1995-2008: $1.2 billion for food and energy
2009: $0.9 million in goods
2010: $1.9 million
2011: $9.4 million (only escalating) Necessary? Morally so (slightly gray otherwise)
Need to ease tensions
Without war (could escalate regardless)
Safety purposes (haven't intervened)
Only helps DPRK? Necessary for Budget? War would hurt budget
Negotiate to avoid war
NGO's don't affect budget much
Currently not helping nor hurting
Could hurt eventually (increasing) Interesting Tidbits 1: Almost gave 240,000 tons of food (2004)
2: Bush named part of Axis of Evil
Removed from US Terror Watch List (2008)
3: $52.2 million in goods (2008)
Actually financially supportive already
4: 2004 North Korean Human Rights Act
Easier for US to assist refugees Conclusion Relations have never been strong
DPRK has become oppressive
Continued danger to US (missiles)
NGO's and USDS (limited) funding Works Cited
"About HRNK - U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea." About HRNK - U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Agreed Framework." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Dec. 2012. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Foreign Assistance to North Korea." - PolicyArchive. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"History of North Korea." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Juche." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Kim Il Sung." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Liberty In North Korea." Liberty in North Korea NK CRISIS Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Life Funds for North Korean Refugees, an NGO." Life Funds for North Korean Refugees, an NGO. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"N Korea Taken off US Terror List." BBC News. BBC, 10 Nov. 2008. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"North Korea–United States Relations." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"Timeline of U.S.-North Korean Relations." About.com US Foreign Policy. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea." U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 July 2012. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"U.S. Relations With North Korea." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"U.S. Relations With North Korea." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"U..S. Shipments to N. Korea Grew in 2011." UPI. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
"War against North Korea Would Cost USA 100 Billion Dollars and 100,000 Lives." English Pravda.ru. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
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