Transcript of Renaissance
The Reniassance Florence Florence Florence Economic The famous and Talented of Firenza Florence Social System Culture Although the Florentine society was based on a class system, as the merchant class became wealthier, they were able to move up the social ladder and gain status in their community. People in the merchant class were called popolo grasso ( the fat people ). They organized themselves into guilds, which represented the wool manufacturers and wool finishers, silk merchants, and bankers. Guilds were similar to today's unions or professional organizations. Workers and shop keepers were called popolo minuto ( the little people ). Most of the workers had been peasants who had moved to the city to work in the fabric industries. They were not allowed to be members of the guilds. The nobles or upper class still owned most of the land and continued to live on estates outside the city. They supported artists architects, and scholars developing a city rich in works of art , architectural marvels , and scholarly thought. Ideas of citizenship were promoted and those with wealth and power believed they had a responsibility to carry out positive civic works When the Medici family became the leaders of Florence,the city-state became a major center of Renaissance culture. political Systems Florence, or Firenza in Italian, developed as a city-state in North Central Italy. It was built on the Arno River, which had been a trade route for centuries. Merchants and traders had prospered in Florence since before the Roman Empire, but during the Renaissance, as trade increased, it became the center of highly successful bankers and silk and wool merchants. The wealthy bankers supported the pope in Rome; in return, he gave them financial business of the papacy. through their banking and business dealing, Florentines met people from other societies and cultures. they were exposed to new ideas and knowledge that eventually spread to the rest of Western Europe.Florence was the richest of the city-states and became so wealthy that it brought surrounding cities such as Lucca, Arezzo, and Livorno from their rulers. In this way, Florentines extended their power and control more and more of the religion. Like most other city-states, Florence began as a republic, but did not last long because of power struggles with other groups. By 1435 one powerful family, the Medici, took control of the city.under their leadership, Florence became the center of the Renaissance in Italy. Florence Leonardo da Vinci Alessandro Botticelli Amerigo Vespucci Giuliano de Medici The Medici family was a powerful influence in Florence for three centuries from the mid-1400s to the mid-1700s. As well as controlling the government, the oligary was wealthy enough to pay for some of the most beautiful and innovative churches, buildings, and monuments in Florence. Also employ and support many of the most famous Renaissance painters, sculptors,and architects. Another thing they were able to do were, study and collect the works of ancient Greek and Roman authors. Last but not lest, they could host social events to discuss ideas and art.Full transcript
Cosimo de Medici was called pater patrie meaning father of his The Medici Family Niccolo Machiavelli By Alexa and Briana country because of his contribute to arts and public buildings in Florence. Some of these buildings had churches, monasteries, the Medici library and the Plato Academy. The Plato Academy is where scholars gathered to discuss the idea of greek classics. As well as being a generous Parton of the arts, he was also an excellent statesman and led the negotiations for the Treaty of Lodi, which brought peace to the city-state of Florence, Venice, Milan, Rome, and Naples.
Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo de Medici was called Lorenzo the Magnificent. He succeeded his grandfather as rules of Florence and was also a great patron of the arts. He supported some of the greatest artists of the Renaissance, including Leonardo de Vinci and Michelangeo, and was himself a poet. Unlike his grandfather, he did not use his money to fund public buildings, but used it to acquire a private collection of antiquities and art. When conspirators tried to murder him and succeeded in killing his brother, the people of Florence supported him and he maintained control of the city-state. Shortly after Lorenzo's death, the Medici lost power when french armies invaded Italy.