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Dia de Los Muertos

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by

Marianna Salgado

on 2 November 2016

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Transcript of Dia de Los Muertos

What do you know about Dia de Los Muertos?
History: Aztecs
DDLM history can be traced back to the time of the Aztecs
Once a year, the Aztecs held a festival celebrating death of their ancestors, while honoring their Queen of the Underworld, or Lady of the Dead
The Aztecs believed that the deceased preferred to be celebrated, rather than mourned
The festival first celebrated the deceased children, then the adults who passed
The festival took place during the month of August
What is Dia de Los Muertos?
Dia de Los Muertos(Day of the Dead), is a Mexican holiday to honor those who have died. It is not a day of grief and mourning, but rather a day full of happiness and celebration of the lives of those who passed. DDLM takes place on November 1 and November 2(All Saint's Day and All Soul's Day.)
History: Spanish Conquest
When the Spaniards conquered the Aztecs in 1521, the tried to make them adopt their Catholic beliefs
They did not understand the Aztec belief system. They thought that the Aztecs were crazy pagans and tried their best to squash the old Aztec rituals and fully convert them over to their Catholic beliefs
They were able to reach a compromise and blended their beliefs together. The celebration was changed to a two-day celebration corresponding with their own Catholic holidays: All Saint's Day and All Soul's Day.
Dia de Los Muertos
Traditions: Cemetery
Traditions: Ofrendas
Traditions: The Four Elements
Traditions: Dancing and Music
How Dia de Los Muertos is Celebrated Around the World
Mexico
Europe
Latin America
United States
In the days leading up to the celebration, family and friends clean and decorate the graves of their loved ones
They are decorated with various items such as candles and Marigolds which are used to guide the spirits home
The altars typically also include items to represent the four elements: earth, wind, fire, and water
Papel Picado=Wind
Food=Earth
Candles=Fire
Drinks=Water
An altar a.k.a ofrenda, is an offering built to honor the lives of those who have passed.
Significant objects are placed on the altars for the dead's journey back
Traditions: Altar Objects
Candles
Marigolds
Photos of the deceased
Favorite foods, drinks, and items of the deceased
Papel Picado
Calaveras(sugar skulls)
Water
Various other items
Celebration in Germany, where tradition is to light candles and visit the graves of the deceased
DDLM in France, where people bring flowers to the graves of dead relatives and say prayers over the dead
Peru's celebration which is similar to Mexico's with some differences
The construction and flying of kites is a big part of the Guatemalan celebration as well as eating Fiambre, a traditional dish. They also do the traditional visits to graves
DDLM is celebrated in the U.S. with a mix of Mexican traditions and American culture
Mexican traditions like the altars are being used to make artistic or political statements in the U.S.
There are big celebrations and festivals throughout our country. They are in places like San Francisco, Oakland, Los Angeles, etc.
Come join us tonight for our Dia de Los Muertos celebration in the cafeteria from 6-8!!! There will be great performances and food sold!!!
Part of the Dia de Los Muertos celebration is the special dances and music
IT IS NOT MEXICAN HALLOWEEN
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CONNECTS ONE WITH CULTURAL IDENTITY AND CULTURALLY HEALS
Full transcript