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Cardiovascular disease

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by

Taylor Morgan

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease
By: Taylor Morgan
Objectives
Tn Wellness Standards
What is Cardiovascular Disease?
arteriosclerosis & atherosclerosis
Coronary Heart Disease
Heart Attack
Angina Pectoris
1.2 - Determine hereditary, environmental, and lifestyle factors which place the student at risk for disease
1.5 - Explain causes, signs and symptoms, treatments and prevention of non-communicable diseases
3.11 - Examine the relationship between diet and disease
4.6 - List the health problems associated with inadequate levels of health-related fitness
5.3 - Identify and demonstrate the skills necessary in responding to medical emergencies
7.6 - Explain the effects of chemical substances on total wellness
1.) I will understand and be able to recognize various types of cardiovascular diseases.
2.) I will be able to recognize behaviors that increase my risk of cardiovascular diseases.
3.) I will choose behaviors that reduce my risk of cardiovascular disease.
A disease of the heart and blood vessels
#1 cause of death
Account for almost half of all deaths in the United States (approximately 831,000)
Arteriosclerosis - general term for several conditions that cause hardening and thickening of the arteries
Atherosclerosis - a disease in which fat is deposited on artery walls, forms plaque
Coronary artery: blood vessel that carries blood to the heart muscles
A disease in which the coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked
The death of cardiac muscle caused by a lack of blood flow to the heart
Medical term = Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Stroke
Congestive heart failure
Heart Rhythm Abnormalities
Chest pain resulting from narrowed coronary arteries
Heart not receiving enough oxygen
Take nitroglycerine to relieve pain
Warning sign for a heart attack
Arrhythmia: a heart condition in which the heart sometimes beats very slowly or very fast for no obvious reason
Pacemaker: a device implanted in the heart to stimulate normal heart contractions
A condition that occurs when the heart's pumping ability is below normal capacity
Fluid accumulates in the lungs and other areas
Causes: heart attack, atherosclerosis, birth defects & high blood pressure
Condition caused by a blocked or broken blood vessel in the brain
Brain cells die within minutes without oxygen
Aneurysm: a weakened area of blood vessel, stoke can occur if an aneurysm in the brain bursts
Stroke Video
Risk factors that cannot be controlled
Age - risk increases with age
Gender - males higher risk than females (after menopause, risk increases in women)
Race - African Americans at greater risk
Relatives - increased risk if close relatives have suffered a premature heart attack (before age 55 in males/65 in females)
Controllable risk factors
1. Maintain a healthy blood cholesterol level
2. Choose a heart-healthy diet
3. Avoid tobacco products & second hand smoke
4. Maintain a healthful blood pressure
5. Maintain a healthful body weight
6. Participate in regular physical activity
7. Manage stress
Maintain a healthy blood cholesterol level
avoid tobacco products
Choose a Heart-Healthy Diet
Maintain a healthful blood pressure
Maintain a healthful
body weight
Participate in regular physical activity
Manage stress
Cholesterol: a fat-like substance made by the body and found in certain foods
LDLs: substances in the blood that carry cholesterol to body cells
HDLs: substances in the blood that carry cholesterol in the liver for breakdown and excretion (you want higher of this type)
Low-fat diet rich in fruits, veggies, whole grains, nonfat/low fat milk products, lean meats, poultry, & fish
Avoid: sugars, sweets, fats, oils, & salt
Antioxidants
Smoke contains carbon monoxide which reduces the amount of oxygen available in the blood
Nicotine in tobacco causes an increase in heart rate and blood pressure
Smokers are 3x more likely than nonsmokers to die from coronary heart disease
High blood pressure = 140/90 mm HG or greater
Heart must work extra hard to pump enough blood and oxygen to the body
Lifestyle choices can improve blood pressure
Antihypertensives are prescribed
Excess body weight increases the risk of cardiovascular disease because the heart must work harder to pump blood to the body
When overweight people lose wight, they lower LDLs, increase HDLs & lower their blood pressure
Helps control blood cholesterol, blood pressure, body weight, & diabetes
30 minutes a day can build a healthy cardiovascular system
Increases HDL levels
Decreases the tendency to form blood clots & reduces stress
Stress causes the heart to pump more often than it should & increases resting blood pressure
Causes overeating, excess smoking, & the inability to sleep well
How to help:
- Time management
- Support network
- Physical activity
- Plenty of sleep
Scripture
"Above all else, guard your heart for it is the wellspring of life." (Proverbs 4:23)
"As water reflects a face, so a man's heart reflects the man." (Proverbs 27:19)
"Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies." (1 Cor. 6:19-20)
Video
Treatment of cardiovascular diseases accounts for $1 of every $6 spent on health care in the U.S.
$444 billion
equals out to over 2 million Ferraris
Full transcript