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Grammar

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by

Renata Zawadzka

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Grammar

Expressions: 'how long', 'when', 'for', 'since' Tenses: Past Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous Past Continuous How do we use it? When do we use it? I was
you were
he/she/it was + verb with -ing
we were
you were
they were


e.g. The boys were playing football. How do we use it? while
when
as
the moment that
this time last Saturday
at 7 a.m. yesterday etc. Time expressions used with the Past Continuous: When do we use it? Present Perfect Continuous I have been
you have been
he/she/it has been + verb with -ing
we have been
you have been
they have been A PAST ACTION IN PROGRESS INTERRUPTED BY ANOTHER PAST ACTION ACTIONS WHICH BEGAN IN THE PAST AND ARE STILL CONTINUING e.g. I' ve been talking to Mary about our plans. 'WHEN' AND 'HOW LONG' 'WHEN' + THE PAST SIMPLE 'FOR' AND 'SINCE' 'FOR' + DURATION OF AN ACTION
CONCURRENT ACTIONS IN THE PAST Past Continuous e.g. When I was trying to phone her, she was trying to phone me. Past Continuous AN ACTION IN PROGRESS AT A SPECIFIC TIME IN THE PAST e.g. We were playing tennis at 6 p.m. yesterday. e.g. I was watching TV when my friends came. QUESTIONS Was/were + subject + verb with -ing e.g. Were you waiting for a long time? NEGATIVE SENTENCES Subject + wasn't/weren't + verb with -ing e.g. They weren't sleeping for the whole night. Present Perfect Continuous PAST ACTIONS OF CERTAIN DURATION THAT HAVE VISIBLE RESULTS IN THE PRESENT e.g. It has been raining for hours, that's why the ground is wet. e.g. She has been working for this company for ten years. QUESTIONS Have/has + subject + been + verb with -ing e.g. Have the children been sleeping long? NEGATIVE SENTENCES Subject + haven't/hasn't + been + verb with -ing e.g. I haven't been learning Maths for a long time. 'WHEN' AND 'HOW LONG' 'HOW LONG' + THE PRESENT PERFECT/ PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS e.g. - How long have they known each other?
- They have known each other for years. e.g. -When did you come here?
-I came twenty minutes ago. e.g. 'since 7 o'clock', 'since Christmas', 'since we left school' 'SINCE' + THE BEGINNING OF AN ACTION e.g. 'for three days', 'for ten minutes', 'for ages'
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