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Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia

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by

Donald Simmons

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia

Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia
Akkadian Empire (2300-2100 B.C.E.)
Babylonian Empire (1792-1595 B.C.E.)
Assyrian Empire (900-612 B.C.E.)
Neo-Babylonian Empire (605-539 B.C.E.)
What were the most important achievements of the Mesopotamian empires?
Monday, October 28th
Directions:

1. Level
ZERO
at
ALL
times!

2. Stay seated in
SLANT
at
ALL
times!

3. If you have a question,
raise your hand
!

4. Follow the
Classroom Constitution
!

5. Once you finish your corrections,
assign yourself to a novel
!
Showtime!
1.
Who was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire?
a. Sargon
b. Hammurabi
c. Nebuchadrezzar
d. Cyrus
Tuesday, October 29th
AIM: WALT summarize the achievements of the Akkadians using details.
Lifework: Complete DBQ! (due Thursday)
Do Now:

1. Who was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire?

2. What is a stele?

3. What was the capital of the Akkadian Empire?

4. O.P.T.I.C.
Introduction
T-P-S: In what order did the empires hold power?
An
empire
is a large territory where groups of people are ruled by a single leader or government
The four empires rose up in Mesopotamia between
2300 and 539 B.C.E.
They were the
Akkadian Empire
, the
Babylonian Empire
, the
Assyrian Empire
, and the
Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Akkadian Empire
Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire
Sargon conquered Sumer and united its city-states
He assembled a large army and taught them to fight in tight formations
Their greatest achievement was creating the world's first empire
T-P-S: What was the greatest achievement of the Akkadian Empire?
Life Under Akkadian Rule
T-P-S: Why didn't the Akkadian Empire last forever?
Sargon ruled for 56 years
He made the city of Agade the capital
The Akkadians continued to use the culture of the Sumerians
The Victory Stele is a famous example of their artistic skill
After 200 years, the Akkadian Empire fell to invaders from the north
I-N-D-E-P-E-N-D-E-N-T
1. At a level
zero
, complete the graphic organizer with two achievements from the Akkkadian Empire
2, Stay in your seats at
ALL
times
3. Once you finish raise your thumb
4. Assign yourself
Group Work
1. At a level one, complete the graphic organizer
2. Once you finish, assign yourself
Silent Sustained Reading
1. At a level
zero
, read pages 55-63
2. Take
Cornell Notes
3. Once you finish, assign yourself
2.
What was the capital of the Akkadian Empire?
a. Kish
b. Assur
c. Ur
d. Agade
3.
How do we know that Sargon had an empire?
a. Several groups of people were ruled by one leader
b. Trading amongst many groups
c. Sharing food within one territory
d. Fighting wars together
4.
How did Sargon build up the city?
a. He collected tributes from the people he conquered
b. He worshiped many gods
c. He went to the ziggurat
d. He traded with the Egyptians
Bread!
1. What is tribute?

2. Who was Sargon's grandson?

3. How long did the Akkadian Empire last?

4. What was the greatest achievement of Sargon?

5. What is an empire?
Key Points
King Hammurabi created a code of laws that applied to everyone in the empire
Babylonian agriculture and trade thrived under his rule
Life in Babylon
Hammurabi made the Babylonian god, Marduk, supreme over other gods
Trade flourished during this time which helped the economy
Women were allowed to own property
Slaves could buy their own freedom
Group Work
1. At a level one, fill in your graphic organizer with an important contribution from the empire
2. Stay in your seats at ALL times
3. Assign yourself when you complete the exercise
Wednesday, October 30th
AIM: WALT analyze the empire of Babylon using details.
Lifework: Complete DBQ! (due Thursday)
Do Now:

1. Who was the King of Babylon?

2. What is economy?

3. What are code of laws?

4. O.P.T.I.C.
Key Points
King Sargon created the world's first empire
The Akkadians developed their own language
Artists carved beautiful relief sculptures on stones
Hammurabi & Babylon
King Hammurabi made Babylon the capital of his empire
He is best known for his code of laws which was carved on a stele
Hammurabi claimed that the gods had told him to create laws that applied to everyone in the empire
T-P-S: Why do you think Hammurabi created the code of laws?
T-P-S: Why do you think Hammurabi was so successful?
I-N-D-E-P-E-N-D-E-N-T
1. At a level zero, complete the graphic organizer
2. Stay in your seats at ALL times
3. Once you complete your graphic organizer, assign yourself
Silent Sustained Reading
1. At a level zero, read pages 55-63
2. Stay in your seats at ALL times
3. Take Cornell Notes
4. Once you finish your notes, assign yourself
Bread!
1. What was Hammurabi's Code?

2. Who was the supreme god in Babylon?

3. What were some rights of slaves?

4. What were some rights of women?

5. What was the capital of the Babylonian Empire?
Showtime!
1. Hammurabi is best known for
a. his postal service
b. his military strength
c. his code of laws
d. his systems of roads
2. What was the capital of the Babylonian Empire?
a. Kish
b. Agade
c. Babylon
d. Ninevah
3. Who was the supreme god of Babylon?
a. Marduk
b. Sargon
c. Hammurabi
d. Jeffrey
4. A collection of written laws is known as
a. instructions
b. rules
c. ideas
d. code of laws
Thursday, October 31st
AIM: WALT summarize the empire of Assyria using details.
Key Points
The Assyrians honored their powerful kings with beautiful palaces and huge sculptures.
They built some of the earliest aqueducts.
The Assyrian Empire
The Assyrians were feared for their military might and their cruelty
Their greatest achievements were their new weapons and their war strategies
They also became greatly skilled at siege warfare.

Group Work
1. At a level one, complete your graphic organizer with an important contribution from the empire
2. Stay in your seats at ALL times
3. Once you finish, assign yourself
I-N-D-E-P-E-N-D-E-N-T
1. At a level zero, complete the graphic organizer
2. Stay in your seats at ALL times
Silent Sustained Reading
1. At a level read pages 55-63
2. Take Cornell Notes
3. Once you finish, assign yourself
Bread!
1. What is a bas-relief?

2. What was the Assyrians greatest achievement?

3. How long did the Assyrian Empire last?

4. What did the Assyrians use to decorate thrones, beds, chairs, and doors?
Showtime!
1. The Assyrians built palaces on tall mounds. What does this tell you about them?
a. They worshiped in the palaces
b. They looked up to their leaders
c. They covered the walls with bas-reliefs
d. They designed complex buildings

Lifework: Complete DBQ! (due Monday)
Do Now:

1. What is a siege?

2. What is an aqueduct?

3. What was the capital of Assyria?

4. O.P.T.I.C.
Life in Assyria
The capital was Nineveh
The Assyrians believed their kings were special beings.
They built palaces to honor them
They built the first aqueducts
The artisans were known for their bas-reliefs
2. What was the capital of the Assyrian Empire?
a. Babylon
b. Nineveh
c. Jerusalem
d. Assur
3. What were aqueducts used for?
a. carry fish across the city-states
b. carry water water
c. spy on enemies
d. spread rumors
4. Write two sentences about what you learned today!
Monday, November 4th
AIM: WALT summarize the
Neo-Babylonian Empire
using details.
Key Points
King
Nebuchadrezzar
restored the splendor of King Hammurabi's time.
His
Hanging Gardens
of Babylon became famous.
Neo-Babylonian Empire
Nebuchadrezzar
II was the most famous king
He had inner walls and an outer wall built around the city to protect it from invaders
He conquered part of
Canaan
(home of the Hebrews)
Life in Neo-Babylonian Empire
He rebuilt the city's
ziggurat
and the Babylonians called it the
'House of the Platform of Heaven and Earth'
He decorated his palace with gardens called the
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
This human-made display was viewed as one of the great wonders of the ancient world
Silent Sustained Reading
1. At a level
zero
, read pages 62-63
2. Stay in your seats at
ALL
times
3. Take
Cornell Notes
Bread!
1. Which of the wonders of the ancient world did
Nebuchadrezzar
create?

2. King
Nebuchadrezzar
conquered Canaan which was home to what people?

3. How long did the
Ne0-Babylonian Empire
last?

4. Which king conquered the
Neo-Babylonian Empire
?

5. What was the name of the rebuilt
ziggurat
?
I-N-D-E-P-E-N-D-E-N-T
1. At a level zero, complete the graphic organizer

2. Stay in your seats at all times
Showtime!
1.
Who was the King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire?
a. Sargon
b. Hammurabi
c. Nebuchadrezzar II
d. Abraham
Lifework: Get
TWO
tickets signed! & Complete
worksheet
!
Do Now:

1. Who was the most famous king of
Neo-Babylon
?

2. How long did the Neo-Babylon Empire last?

3. What is a
sundail
?

4. O.P.T.I.C.
TPS: Why do you think Nebuchadrezzar II decided to protect his city with walls and moats?
TPS: Why do you think he rebuilt the city's ziggurat?
2.
What great wonder of the ancient world is Nebuchadrezzar known for?
a. Pyramid at Giza
b. Colossus of Rome
c. Leaning Tower
d. Hanging Gardens
3.
What was the capital of the Babylonian Empire?
a. Baybylon
b. Agade
c. Nineveh
d. Uruk
4.
How did the Babylonians protect their empire?
a. Running from danger
b. Writing letters
c. Flying away
d. Building moats and walls around the city
Group Work!
1. At a level
one
, complete the graphic organizer

2. Stay in your seats at
ALL
times
Full transcript