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Transcript of The Giver
A Utopia is a place where everything is perfect, or at least everything is supposed to be perfect.
As we read
Build Quizlet Vocabulary! Be sure to include vocab from your books.
Plot Diagram Page 79
Character Chart Page 71
1. Which characters have we met and what do we know about them?
2) What is Jonas's community like?
3) What consequence did the pilot receive for flying over the community?
4) What does Precision of Language mean and how does it effect the community?
5) What special event happens in December that makes Jonas apprehensive?
6) Lily describes a child from another community that does not obey the rule for standing in line. This behavior is described as “acting like animals.” Is this connotative or denotative meaning of animals?
7) Have you ever been in a strange or unfamiliar situation? What did it feel like?
8) What roles do we hear about in the community?
9) What is release and how and when is it used?
10) What rules did we learn about in the community?
11) How do you feel about apologies?
12) What happens with hidden feelings?
The Beginning of Sadness
THE GIVER, about a boy who—like the boy not-yet-ten, has been exempted from pain and knowledge of pain. That awareness is thrust upon him quite suddenly when he is twelve years old; it changes his life, and ultimately the whole world in which he lives.
Author Lois Lowry was born on March 20, 1937, in Honolulu, Hawaii. She won her first Newbery Award for 1989 novel Number the Stars. In 1993, Lowry received this important honor for a second time for The Giver.
A shy and introverted child, Lowry loved to read. She was around 8 or 9 years old when she decided she wanted to be a writer. Her father was a dentist and Army officer, which led to her to live in several different places growing up. Lowry spent several of her middle school years in Japan, but she ended up graduating from a New York City high school. After high school, she spent two years at Brown University before dropping out to get married. She had four children and later finished her bachelor's degree from the University of Southern Maine in the early 1970s.
A dystopia is a community or society that is in some important way undesirable or frightening. It is literally translated as "not-good place", an antonym of utopia.
Utopia vs. Dystopia
What would a “perfect place” mean to you?
What would a not-good-place look like?
Groups of Two
Write a paragraph explaining your perfect utopia. Write three rules that would be required in this Utopia and explain why they are important
Ms. Miller's Utopia
A land full of ice cream that never made you fat! Where everyone has time to read, write, and talk and work together to grow food and take care of the community. There is no money people share things.
1) People must be honest. This will help to prevent problems.
2) People must share in the work. This means everyone shares in the work and in the benefits or hard times so there is equality.
3) People must all be educated. This helps to prevent problems because of ignorance.
What would your perfect world be?
What do you think a “perfect place” would be like? Consider which of these items you would include and write and draw about your perfect place.
everyone has a job
everyone is equal
no bad memories
lots of rules
no good memories
everyone has enough food
The Giver film is NOTHING like the book!
Look for character descriptions.
Setting descriptions of the Community.
Conflicts to develop the plot.
Look up new words.
Pay attention to Literary Devices: tone, connotation, denotation, ect.
Character Chart and Plot Diagram
1. How many new children are born every year?
2. What rule does Jonas’s father break as a Nurturer?
3. What rules do you break because you feel they are unimportant? Refer to page 15 in The Giver.
4. At age nine, what do the children receive?
5. What rule is never taken seriously and always broken?
6. Who is the Receiver?
7. In the community, at age 12 everyone has an assignment or job. Who gives out these assignments?
8. What is Lily’s comfort object?
9. On page 23, you learn the stuffed elephant is “imaginary.” Why do you think Jonas says it is imaginary?
10. In the book, everything has a specific purpose. Instead of sleeping in a bedroom, it is a Sleeping Room because the purpose of the room is to sleep. How would you view life differently if items were given names to reflect their functions?
Settings: Right before December in a Community with many rules (a dystopian community)
Main Characters: Jonas, The Giver,
Lily, Asher, Fiona, Gabriel, Jonas' parents
Memories are important and make us who we are.
You cannot truly feel pleasure without true pain.
Dystopia vs. Utopia
Point of View: Third Person Limited
(Jonas' point of view)
Man vs. Nature,
Man vs. Man,
Man vs. Society
1. What color of eyes does almost every person in the community have?
2. What color of eyes do both Jonas and Gabriel have?
3. What is the significance of a birthmother? How many births does a birthmother get?
4. Jonas notices Gabriel and another Six have pale eyes. Lily states that maybe they could have the same birth mother. Do those in your family share similar characteristics?
5. Jonas and Asher often play catch. Why is this a requirement for Asher?
6. What object does Jonas take home against the recreation rules?
7. What's the importance of volunteering?
8. What does public humiliation include? How can it effect a person?
9. Why is it rude to mention such things as a person’s accomplishments?
10. When Jonas rides his bike to the House of the Old, how does Jonas know Asher is inside?
11. It is against the rules to look at another’s nakedness; what are the two age groups excused from this rule?
12. When Jonas, Fiona, and Asher are in the House of the Old performing their volunteer hours, what do they specifically do?
13. Larissa talks about the job of a birth mother as being boring. “I don’t think Edna was very smart” (Lowry 40). Here Larissa is judging Edna on her profession. Describe an instance when you judged a person based on his or her profession or lack of profession.
14. Why don't we make as big of a deal out of success?
15. What choices do we have, earn, or gain?
16. Are there similarities between the old and a newborn?
17. Where does the release go?
18. In chapter 5, Lily dreams guards catch her riding a bike. Why does this dream frighten her?
19. Jonas tells of a dream he has where he wants Fiona to get into a tub of water and bather her. Jonas describes this as wanting. What does Jonas’s mother call it?
Once a person receives a stirring, what “treatment” takes place?
20. How long does Jonas have to take “treatment” pills to stop the stirrings?
21. Jonas knows Asher takes a pill, but he has never asked Asher because it is the sort of thing one doesn’t ask a friend – about “being different” (Lowry 48). What is socially acceptable to ask friends? What kinds of things should you avoid discussing?
22.What things to we make as 'automatic' responses?
23. Is there an importance to dreams?
24. Is difference always uncomfortable?
1. What does the front-buttoned jacket symbolize?
2. What “normally” happens to children who do not gain weight?
3. When girls and boys appear in the book, the term male or female is used. Do you find this at all strange? How is using the term male and female any different from saying boy and girl?
4. When Lily turns 8, she receives a jacket with pockets. What do the pockets symbolize?
5. Jonas describes a male named Fritz who always receives chastisement for having shoes on the wrong feet. What would life be like if you received chastisement for all of these small things?
7. Asher discusses how his swim instructor says he does not have enough “boyishness” to float. What word should Asher use?
6. At age 11 kids only receive a package of clothes because girl’s bodies are changing. Why are the packages wrapped?
8. What do you think of the “Matching of Spouses” and the “Naming and Placement of newchildren”?
9. The narrator points out a question: “How could someone not fit in? The community was so meticulously ordered, the choices so carefully made.” This statement foreshadows events to come. How would you like it if someone chose your boyfriend or girlfriend? How would you feel if choice was taken away?
10. Where is elsewhere?
11. What is the difference between Release and Loss?
Page 79 start to fill out the parts of the plot
Page 71 start to fill in the character chart
What characters and parts of the plot have we met?
12. Each child turns the same age at the ceremony, but each child knew his number. What number was Jonas?
13. At the ceremony of 12, the speaker says she honors their differences. Do you find this idea at all ironic?
14. The Chief Elder discusses Asher’s use of the word “smack.” His lack of language precision results in punishment. Why do you think Asher stopped talking for a time?
15. The Elder skips Jonas at the ceremony. What specific descriptive language, does the author use to evoke panic in Jonas?
16. What is the positive or negative of sameness?
17. What is the importance of precision of language?
18. Where do we see corporal punishment in society?
19. What is the importance of Jonas being skipped?
20. The narrator states that clapping is a meaningless gesture. What is some meaningless gesture you do?
21. What is Jonas selected to do?
22. The narrator states this phrase, “Alone? Apart? Jonas listened with increasing unease” (Lowry 77). Why do you think Jonas would feel uneasy about being alone or apart? Is it always bad to be alone?
23. What do you think the Capacity to See beyond means?
24. The narrator flashes back to when the apple changed. Why do you think the apple is important?
25. What is collectiveness?
26. How does an apology have meaning or not?
27. What are the qualities of a receiver?
1. What are some ways community members treat Jonas differently?
2. Name some rules Jonas receives that are contrary to community rules.
3. Why do you think the author specifically chose these rules for Jonas to follow? What do you think the author could be foreshadowing?
4. Jonas tells the reader why precision language is so important. Why is the precision of language important?
5. Jonas receives instructions he can lie. What startling realization does he think about?
6. Why is there an unspoken name?
7. What's the significance of being able to apply for release?
8. Is it always best to tell the truth?
9. Why would someone choose not to speak a name ever again?
6. Jonas notices a locked door. Why does this startle him?
7. Jonas talks about furniture having a specific purpose: a bed for sleeping, a desk for studying, and a table for eating. Would you ever consider using these items for something different?
8. Jonas mentions the old are always respected. In your society, are the old respected today? Explain your answer.
9. The Giver tells Jonas he does not have to apologize. Why does this frighten Jonas?
10. The Giver mentions he gains wisdom through experiences of others. How can you gain wisdom from learning about other people’s experience?
11. Jonas states that each dwelling has a switch, but this one was different because it had an “off” switch. Why do you think each dwelling has an “on” switch? Who is listening?
12. What rule does the Giver break when he asks Jonas to remove his tunic?
13. Can you transmit memories?
14. Can you step outside of society? How does Jonas do it?
15. How do you explain something to someone that they do not know?
1. What different senses are described in the beginning of this chapter?
2. Lowry uses a simile to describe the snow when it touches Jonas’s hand. What is the snow compared to?
3. What are a few images that you see up to this point in the chapter?
4. Why are there no sleds, hills, and snow?
5. Why does the Giver say honor is not the same as power? What do you think: is honor the same as power?
6. The sensory language of feeling in the next memory describes what image?
7. How do you think the discussion of pain and hurt could foreshadow future events?
8. What should Jonas call the old man?
What's your assignment?
Take the test to find out! Then work together in groups to write a short paragraph. Explaining why you would like the assignment or not and what advantages or disadvantages it has.
Think of your favorite memory and the feeling it invokes. Transfer the memory to the class using words and images that you find!
1) Does it feel the same?
2) Can you capture the feeling of someone else's memory?
3) Does more than one person have the same memories?
1. In the beginning of chapter 12, Jonas talks about “something – he could not grasp what – that lay beyond the place where the thickness of snow brought the sled to a stop” (Lowry 88). What do you think the author is foreshadowing by including this statement?
2. You learned about Irony in Lesson 2.7. Irony is a statement whose intended meaning has the opposite of the literal meaning. What is ironic about this quote: “Even trained for years as they all had been in precision of language, what words could you use which would give another the experience of sunshine?” (Lowry 89).
3. What does Jonas learn about the memories the Giver has passed him?
4. How does Fiona “change”?
5. Why was color taken away?
6. This statement is a paradox: “We gained control of many things. But we had to let go of others” (Lowry 95). Explain how this sentence is a paradox.
7. How does the Giver help Jonas understand there were many colors?
8. “... in his ordinary life (though he knew it was ordinary no longer, and would never be again).” Why is this statement a paradox?
9. Why does Jonas care about making choices?
10. What conclusion does Jonas come to about allowing people to make choices?
11. What do you think this quote foreshadows? “He found that he was often angry, now: irrationally angry at his groupmates, that they were satisfied with their lives which had none of the vibrancy his own was taking on.”
12. Why does Jonas point out the flower to Asher?
13. How does Jonas begin to see the color red differently from the new memory the Giver passes?
14. What will happen to Jonas’s parents after Lily and Jonas grow up?
15. If you were in Jonas’s position, would you want to apply for a spouse?
16. What do these quotes tell us about Jonas’s personality? “But I haven’t suffered, Giver. Not really.” “If you gave some of it to me, maybe your pain would be less.”
17. The Giver passes another image dealing with snow, sled, and hill. What do you think these images represent?
18. What simile does Jonas use to describe a broken back?
19. Personification uses human characteristics to describe nonhuman things. What human characteristics does the author give flames?
20. How would life be different if you had not felt pain? How would this change “happiness”?
21. How does the Giver end each session?
22. Jonas seeks an answer from the Giver. When do you know it is time to seek an answer or advice from someone? When do you deal with the situation by yourself?
23. Why does Jonas decide to give Gabriel a memory? How does this choice frighten him?
24. What smell does Jonas sense?
25. What colors does Jonas describe?
26. What can Jonas hear?
27. The Giver asks for forgiveness for passing the memory of war to Jonas. 28. How is the Giver’s request for forgiveness different from the standard apology citizens give one another?
28. The narrator states, “He wanted his childhood again, his scraped knees and ball games. Why does Jonas talk of going back to scraped knees? Why do you think adults talk of going back to childhood?
29. What does Jonas discover is wonderful about celebrating birthdays?
30. What holiday does the Giver pass to Jonas, and who are the old people?
31. What specific emotional feeling does Jonas derive from the memory?
32. Jonas confesses, “I liked the feeling of love.” The book goes on to say, “He could feel that there was a risk involved, though he wasn’t sure how.” Why is love a “risk”?
33. How does Jonas’s father react when Jonas asks if his father loves him?
34. What choice does Jonas make at the end of this chapter?
35. What colors does Jonas now see? What do you think this symbolizes?
36. What discovery does Jonas make about Lily’s “anger” she felt on the playground?
37. Why does Jonas get mad at his friends who are playing a game?
38. Jonas refuses a bike ride with his friends, and the narrator states, “... he knew that such times had been taken from him now.” What does this mean?
39. What happens to identical twins? Why is this ironic?
40. Lily discusses “Elsewhere.” What do you think about her logic?
1. Jonas asks the Giver about the previous Receiver-to-be. What was her name?
2. What specific emotion does the Giver say he felt for Rosemary?
3. The Giver says that he gave Rosemary emotional pain such as loneliness, but he did not transfer physical pain as he gives to Jonas. What pain do you think is worse: emotional or physical pain? Why?
4. What happened after Rosemary kissed the Giver on the cheek?
5. How long has Jonas now been training?
6. Why was losing Rosemary a disaster?
7. How does Jonas deal with the painful feelings from the memories?
8. At the beginning of chapter 19, why does Jonas say that he has questions about release?
9. What does Jonas learn about private ceremonies?
10. Describe the room Jonas sees?
11. What does Jonas’s father do with the syringe?
12. Why is the newchild no longer moving?
13. How is Rosemary’s release different from the baby’s release?
14. Why do you think Rosemary decides to do this?
15. Personification is when human characteristics are given to non-human elements. For example:
The sun waded into the horizon, lowering her body into the unknown depth of night.
The sun is suddenly like a person — she can sink into the horizon the way a person wades into the water.
What use of personification do you see at the end of the chapter after Jonas hears about Rosemary’s release?
1. Why is Jonas so upset?
2. Why do you think the Giver states that feelings are not a part of the life Fiona has learned?
3. Why is it important for the Giver to tell Jonas that he must eat first?
4. Why can’t the Giver go with Jonas?
5. What does the Giver use as an example of his weakness?
6. How long has the Giver been transferring memory to Jonas?
7. What does it mean to “hear-beyond”?
8. Why is it important for the Giver and Jonas to come up with a step-by-step plan?
9. When the Giver says that his daughter’s name was Rosemary, what do you think this means? Do you think this is literal or metaphorical?
1. What causes the sudden change in Jonas’s plans for escape?
2. What are the first three rules Jonas breaks when he escapes? What is the “fourth” rule he breaks?
3. How does Jonas help Gabe travel better?
4. What does Jonas do to prevent the heat seeking planes from finding them?
5. How does the landscape begin to change?
6. Gabe calls out, “Plane! Plane!” But what does Gabriel actually see?
7. How does Jonas catch fish?
8. Jonas remembers the meals he was served in the community. What literary device does the author use when describing these foods?
9. Jonas has internal conflict (man vs. self) about his decision to leave. What conclusion does he come to?
10. Jonas encounters a new conflict: man vs. nature. What specific conflicts does he have with nature?
11. Why do you think the narrator states Jonas, “no longer cared about himself”? What does this statement show about Jonas’s personality?
1. Why do you think Jonas keeps mentioning Elsewhere?
2. Jonas says, “It’s called snow, Gabe ... Snowflakes. They fall down from the sky, and they’re very beautiful.” What might be considered ironic about this statement?
3. What memory does Jonas use to help Gabriel?
4. What do you think the sunshine could symbolize?
5. What is your opinion of the book’s ending?
6. Why do you think the author ended the book this way?
Living in Black and White
Using your phones take pictures of your day in black and white only. Create a portfolio of your pictures in an album on picasa
Create your 90 second video retelling the story of The Giver. Use your o creativity and innovation to make it engaging!
Euthanasia, or mercy killing, is one of the main topics discussed in the book. Debate whether euthanasia is ethical or not. Use examples from the book for your arguments.
The anti-euthanasia side will find support from the book, and the pro-euthanasia side will have to counter that support by explaining why euthanasia in Jonas’s world is different from euthanasia in our world today.
Which Choice Would You Make?
If you were Jonas, which one of the following choices would you make before the next scheduled naming ceremony? Once you have made your choice list three costs and benefits concerning it.
1. Leave the Sameness Community to find Elsewhere.
2. Stay in the Sameness Community and help the Giver.
3. Leave the Sameness Community and take baby Gabriel with you.
4. Stay in the Sameness Community and do your job.
Describe music for someone who has never heard music before. Be sure to describe music not the lyrics.
The conflict and suffering felt by a parent having to introduce a child to the concept of pain and death. By implication, this extends even to the decision to have a child it he first place, since the parent knows that she must take responsibility for bringing the child into the world and that, once the child is born, the child's suffering and death – and the knowledge thereof – are inevitable.
Create a plot outline for The Giver
Climax: Jonas has been training as the receiver. Because of his position he is allowed to ask questions that no one else can ask. He also learns about life before the 'utopia'. It is when he asks to see his father perform a release that he realizes what it truly is - murder.
Exposition: The Exposition of the Giver begins in a utopian society where a young boy Jonas lives. He is 11 years old and about to be an adult.
Falling Action: With his new memories he devises a plan to escape with Gabe, a baby his father has been nurturing whose life has been threatened. Together they escape running at night and sleeping by day. In hope to escape to 'Elsewhere'.
Resolution: There is no set resolution to The Giver. In the end, Jonas and Gabe experience starvation, cold, and fear. However, they have each other and a bond of love. The story concludes with the two sledding down the hill that Jonas was given a memory of, together.
Rising Action: The rising action happens during the selection process. The ceremony when each child is moved up to a new year. The 11's are last to be called as they will each be given their jobs. It is here Jonas number is skipped! In a twist of suspense he is called last to be The Receiver of Memory.
light (pale) eyes
apple = allusion to Apple of good and evil, symbol of knowledge of good and evil
red = a color that symbolizes the new, vital world of feelings and ideas that Jonas discovers
snow = the first memory the beginning of emotions
hill = represents a gateway to Elsewhere.
sled= symbolizes the journey Jonas takes during his training and the discoveries he makes.
light (pale) eyes=This difference shows the impossibility of the community's efforts to control nature completely, no matter how hard it tries. In addition, the fact that only the characters with blue eyes are able to see color (the rest of the community sees only in black and white) and to receive memories and feel true, deep emotion suggests that it is only those who are different who are able to notice the differences in others.
river = symbolizes escape from the confines of the community or the boundary
Gabriel = hope and regeneration
Symbol Chart p. 126
Valspar Color For The Colorblind
Learning using traditional and online tools
Plot Diagram and Character Chart
Download the plot diagram chart and character chart from page 71 and79 in your book from Moodle and complete it.
Use The Giver, your notes, and the internet to research and check your answers.
Download the Symbolism chart on page 126 from Moodle and complete it.
Use The Giver, your notes, and the internet to research and check your answers.
1) What themes do we see in The Giver?
2) Give specific examples that support each theme that you see in The Giver?
3) Which themes may be controversial and why this book has been banned?
Read the speech by Lois Lowry and discuss the themes presented by here further.