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Transcript of Feudalism
The Manorial system
They lived in wood frame cottages plastered with clay. The roofs were thatched with clay.
worked year round
August-September: harvested grain
October: prepared for winter crops
November:killed livestock& preserved the meat
February-March:plowed land for planting oats,barley,peas and beans
Summer:Weeded fields, sheered sheep, and tended gardens
Took breaks from work and went to church on catholic feast days
women worked in fields and raised children. They cooked the family meals
Bread was a basic staple of the medieval diet
it was cooked in community ovens
What is Feudalism?
Feudalism first developed in Europe in the middle ages.
Charlemagne's grandfather Charles Martel created Feudalism without even realizing it.
Charles Martel needed an army to fight the Muslims.
Feudalism was the shift of power from kings to nobles in 800 A.D
Under feudalism landowning nobles governed and protected the people in return for their services.
It is a system based on landowning, loyalty, and the power of knights on horseback.
The Role of Vassals and Knights
Feudalism was based on ties of loyalty and duty among nobles.
A vassal was a noble who served a lord of higher rank.
In return the Lord protected the vassal.
The ties between a lord and his vassal was made known in a public ceremony.
The vassal swore,"to keep faith and loyalty to you against all other."
A vassal showed his loyalty by serving in his Lord's army.
the lands of feif were also called manors
some peasant had rights under laws and could move whenever and wherever they wished
surfs could not leave the manor, own property, or marry without the lord's approval
lords could not sell surfs
In some kingdoms serfs could buy their freedom
How farming improved
created new technology that helped increase the amount of crops grown
They invented a wheeled plow with a heavy iron blade
horse collar second biggest invention (the horse collar helped create horse plow)
wind mills grinded grains, pumped water, and cut wood
How did Nobles Live
Knights followed a code of Chivalry that told them to obey his lord
when Nobles went to war their wives or daughters ran the manor
the center of the manor was a castle
parts of the castle: motte, bailey (open space),keep (central building)
keeps had several stories; ground floor had kitchens and stables, above ground had great hall, smaller rooms of the great hall included chapels, toilets, and bedrooms
nobles owned more jewelery, better clothes, and exotic spices.
Trade and Cities
Running shoes represent Grace because she loves to run.
The masks represent Ryann because she acts.
The musical note represents Luna because she likes to sing.
The volleyball represents Ashlee because she plays volleyball.
The ballerina shoes represents Elizabeth because she dances.
in 1100 feudalism repaired bridges and roads, arrested bandits, and enforced law. Trade resumed.
Venice, Italy built a fleet of ships and became a major trading center
Flanders (which is now part of present day Belgium) became center of trade for northern Europe.
Government of Cities
Town were often located on land owned by lords.
Those towns were under their control.
Townspeople wanted freedom to trade, they wanted to make their own laws.
Townspeople had a few rights, they could buy and sell land, and whether or not they would serve in the army.
Over time, medieval towns set up their own government.
Only men who lived in a certain city for a specific amount of time were considered citizens and were allowed to vote in an election.
Crafts and Guild
Trade encouraged manufacturing .
People produced cloth, metalwork, shoes, and other goods in their houses.
Overtime, people organized guilds, or business group.
People in middle class where not lords, vassals, or serfs.
Crafts guilds set standards for quality in products.
A person could become an apprentice at the age of 10.
An apprentice learned trade from a master craftsman who provided a living for him but no wage.
They had narrow streets and their houses were cluttered together
Medieval cities burned down very easily during a fire because they were made of wood.
The streets were very dirty because people threw trash on the ground and butchers dumped animal blood in the river so people couldn't drink it.
City women stayed home and took care of the house, children, and money.
As a result, women in medieval towns could lead independent lives.
Our visual aid is a castle because Kings and queens lived in castles, but we also have a caste system which consists of the Kings and queens, Lords and ladies, knights and peasants and serfs.
In feudalism each level of society has a duty to the group above and below it.