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New France: A Royal Colony

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nick di croce

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of New France: A Royal Colony

After the French & Aboriginal alliance was destroyed by weapons, alcohol, disease and forced religion (all in the interest of expanding the fur trade business), King Louis 14th of France did not want to loose control of Samuel de Champlain's colony of New France on the banks of the St. Lawrence River in present-day Quebec.

As a result, he took complete control making it a Royal Colony, governed directly by him. King Louis was an Absolute Monarch with unlimited power over anyone and anything - no constitution, no parliament of politicians, no rich or powerful individuals could restrict his rule in any way. King Louis of France appointed 3 important officials to manage and direct his Royal Colony of New France, namely: Comte de Frontenac as Governor General, François de Laval as Bishop and Jean Talon as Bishop.
The Governor General represented King Louis and his absolute authority in New France.

The Bishop was head of the Catholic Church, schools, missionaries, and hospitals in New France.

The Intendant managed the day-to-day activities of the colony, including finance. King Louis sent young women known as "les filles du roi" (the King's daughters) to marry and populate the Royal Colony of New France. Governor General Bishop Intendant Official Responsibilities The Seigneurial System

Land in the colony of New France was divided into long strips that ran from the shores of the St. Lawrence River back into forested wilderness.

The people that settled, cleared and farmed these plots of land were known as "habitants". They were managed by and reported to the high-status land agent known as the "Seigneur", who would be accountable to the Intendant, Jean Tallon.

Habitants helped build homes, a flour mill and a church on the Seigneury. Chateau Frontenac
in present-day Quebec City Laval University in
present-day Quebec City Jean Talon Farmer's Market
in present-day Quebec City The habitants produced their own food by farming and raising animals; the Aboriginals taught them how to preserve their food during the long winter months. One typical habitant dish was the tourtière or meat pie.

The habitants produced their own clothing made from animal hides/leathers and woven wool, cloth, linen and hemp.

The habitants built their own homes using stone, mortar and timber.
The habitants built their own furniture from birch and pine.
At the heart of their home was a large stone fireplace.

Pictured is the habitant work calendar for the fall, winter, spring and summer months. The église or church in New France Priests performed many services for the people of New France, including:
spiritual service
legal service
government service
personal service The Church took an active role in health care by caring for the sick, the elderly, orphans and people with disabilities. The Church was the only source of education in New France. All schooling in religion, reading, writing, arithmetic, seminary training, Latin and French languages, came directly from the Church. 3 Roles
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