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Transcript of Landscape Painting
the artist & the earth
Vincent Van Gogh
Thomas Hart Benton
See the potential. Use 2 L's to crop your best composition. Consider sky to earth ratio.
More sky? More earth?
Choose color palette. Complimentary to create action? Analogous to create peace and harmony?
Block in large areas.
Paint in BIG layers.
With a blocking-in first approach, the whole of the canvas is painted or worked up simultaneously.
The first step is to decide what the dominant colors and tones are, and to loosely paint these areas, or block them in.
Then gradually the shapes and colors are refined, more detail added, and tones finalized.
Use texture. Try painting with your palette knife.
Exaggerate key features. Where do you want your viewers' eyes to go? What is important?
The 19th century held many milestones for the history of landscape art.
Where was the artist standing when he or she made this landscape?
How does his or her point of view, or vantage point, affect the way the landscape looks?
is the placement in a composition of one object in front of another, which creates the illusion of depth.
(scale) is the size of one object or part of a landscape in relation to another.
For example: a tree in the foreground would appear much larger than a tree in the background.
• If you were asked to think of a landscape in your imagination, would it be the landscape where you grew up? Do you think we define landscape for ourselves as the place with which we are most familiar? In the 19th century the rise of landscape painting in France and America ran parallel with the development of those countries' national identities. The connections that the respective peoples had to the landscapes they inhabited helped to shape these ideas. Does the landscape we live today in shape our identity? Discuss
• Compare landscapes from the mid-19th century to earlier landscapes. Until the 19th century, landscape paintings were most often made to be an illusion of reality, using techniques to create perspective and a naturalistic space, like a window into the world. Later painters, such as Gustave Courbet and the Impressionists, created landscapes that depicted real places, but in less illusionistic ways. They were more concerned with light and its effects on color and the textural applications of paint onto canvas.
• Some landscape artists painted out-of-doors; others painted in studios from their sketches and memories. The artists who painted landscapes in their studios often chose to create pleasing compositions, which were not always true to the realities of a particular place. When looking at a landscape painting, think about whether it is an image of a real or imagined place. Are there any clues in the painting that would lead you to believe it was made from direct observation, or in a studio?
is when space recedes into the far distance in a landscape
painting or drawing, the intensity of the color fades and there is less contrast
of lights and darks. The further back in spatial depth, the lighter the color.
Often, colors in the far distance appear as lighter, cooler tones of blue to gray.
...but lets take a look at
The Industrial Revolution altered the traditions of rural life. People had leisure, or free time, for the first time ever. So they went outside!
Painters became less concerned with idealized, classical landscapes and focused more on painting out-of-doors directly from nature—a practice known as
en plein air
The camera allowed artists to
have artistic freedom and
The 19th century also saw the birth of photography, which would greatly influence the landscape painters' compositional choices.
Painters pushed the boundaries of landscape painting even further by making it both a tactile and visual experience.
Why copy an outdoor scene exactly, when a camera can do that for you?
Until the 19th century, landscape paintings were most often made to be an illusion of reality, using techniques to create perspective and a naturalistic space, like a window into the world.
Before the camera...
Monet painting en plein air.
...painting after the invention of the camera.
Now, let's look at some techniques modern landscape painters use.
Here are some of the most famous
modern landscape painters and their work.
Notice the use quick, choppy brushstrokes.
Bold line as emphasis.
Van Gogh used a complimentary color scheme. Yellow and purple. Red and Green.
One of my all time favorites. This guy lived in Kansas.
Benton is one of Missouri's most famous artists. His landscape seem animated. They have unique character.
Things to consider in your work...
Please review the landscape painting
unit assignment sheet. Choose ONE writing prompt. It is due on Thursday.
FOR TUESDAY - YOU MUST BRING IN A LANDSCAPE PHOTO THAT YOU HAVE TAKEN.
...no prints from the Internet. You will NOT receive credit for the unit.