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The Sniper

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by

Jerry Chou

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of The Sniper

The Sniper Personal Evaluation Plot Summary:
Main Events:
The sniper saw an old woman pointing at him.
A man appeared and shot the sniper.
The sniper was shot in the arm.
The sniper placed his cap over his rifle.
When he pushed his rifle upwards then there was a report that the bullet passed through the cap.
He let go of his rifle off the other side of the parapet.
His enemy stood up, then the sniper shoot the enemy.
The sniper went to see who it is, it was his brother. c Characters:
The sniper
Sniper’s brother
The old woman
The man in the turret Helpful Information
Allusions:
Background Information-
"The Sniper" takes place in Ireland's largest city, Dublin, on the country's east coast on Dublin Bay, an inlet of the Irish Sea. The time is nightfall in June after the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. The sniper posts himself on a rooftop in central Dublin near the Four Courts building, which houses the high courts of Ireland, and O'Connell Bridge, which spans the River Liffey. The Liffey divides the city into two sections as it runs eastward to Dublin Bay.

Sources:
http://www.enotes.com/sniper/
http://www.enotes.com/sniper/irish-civil-war-society
http://www.enotes.com/sniper/biography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sniper_(story)

http://www.classicshorts.com/stories/sniper.html Theme Point of view:
It is a third person point of view. The narrator tells us specific information about the background of the sniper and his enemy and how it gives us an idea of what happens during the Irish civil war.
Foreshadowing:
After the republican sniper had killed the opposing gunman, the republican sniper begins to wonder if he had killed someone he knew. The republican sniper became curious as to the identity of the man he killed; it was, after all, a civil war, he could've killed a neighbor or an old friend. The republican sniper's thoughts help to foreshadow who the republican sniper had killed as well as developing the conflict that the republican sniper fought and killed his own brother and he'd have to live with that for the rest of his life. Main Fiction Elements
Plot:
Exposition: He was preparing for any action. He is waiting for any action.
Rising Action: The sniper is eating and decides to light a cigarette. He is spotted and was shot and hurt on his arm.
Climax: He shot the enemy.
Falling Action: He went off to see who is the enemy.
Conclusion: The sniper founds out that the enemy he killed was his brother. Conflict:
The major conflict is man versus man. The sniper fighting against the sniper’s enemy(his brother).
Character:
The sniper is the story’s protagonist. He kills other people for his side which is the Republican. The sniper’s brother is the antagonist which also kills the other side.
Theme:
The theme for this story is during the Irish civil war you never know who your enemy is. Even your family might be your biggest enemy. One more major theme is that you can’t solve problem by violence even though that could be the only choice and reason to do so. Irony:
The irony of the story is that the sniper killed his brother. This book is set during the Irish civil war in the 1920’s. Each person had chosen their sides to fight for. The sniper does not know that his brother is fighting for the other side.
Setting:
It was on June 1922 in Dublin, Ireland. It was in midnight. The story take place on the top of the roof where the sniper stand bying for his enemy’s next move. Theme “Due to the civil war, people began to support their political party, the relationship between people had change, some of them who were family members or friends became enemies with no choice.”
In the story , the war is between the free states and the republican. The sniper - the main characteris on the side of the republican, and his brother was support the free states, they became enemies and try to kill each other, it’s a really sad situation ,”Then the sniper turned over the dead body and looked into his brother’s face.” When he killed the other guy, he didn’t know that he was his brother.
“When the sniper reached the laneway on the street level, he felt a sudden curiosity as to the identity of the enemy sniper whom he had killed. He decided that he was a good shot, whoever he was, He wondered did he know him. Perhaps he had been in his own company before the split in the army.”
The author created the story, he tried to make people realize that violence cannot end anything. In our opinion, this story inspire readers by dividing people in two classes, the ones who want freedom and the ones who want to get control by the republican. Naive people in different classes thought that fighting will solve political problems in the Civil War. However, Liam O’ Flaherty, the author tried to express his feeling about violence won't solve problems in this short story. After our group discussion, we all agreed about the short story, The Sniper, gave readers different way of thoughts about the Irish Civil War, we also think that The Sniper didn’t clearly mention what political problems had happen in Irish. One of the weakness, we all agree with is the author didn’t give us clear information at the end of the story.The purpose of the story was fulfilled. The story showed that according to politics even family members had to fight each other. In the story, two sniper endowed people were fighting. It was a cold fight, quiet and in the night. The first sniper faked his death making the second sniper thinking him dead. The first used a revolver to ambush the second sniper. He killed him and was curious of this accurate sniper. He rolled his body and looked at his face. It was his brother. We will compare the story The Sniper with The Most Dangerous Game, that we went over last week. In the story, The Most Dangerous Game, Rainsford is trying to survive and win the game to leave Ship Trap Island, is really similar to The Sniper, because the main character is trying to fight to win the Irish Civil War because there were some serious political problems happening after the World War I. The other similarities between this stories are people are classified in two classes. In the story, The Most Dangerous Game, Rainsford thinks that people are classify to hunters and huntees, for the short story, The Sniper, the main character is in the side of republican and his brother is in the side of free states. unfamiliar words





-ruse
Crawling quickly to his feet, he peered up at the corner of the roof. His ruse had succeeded.
1. An action intended to mislead, deceive, or trick; stratagem
[from Old French: trick, esp to evade capture, from ruser to retreat, from Latin recūsāre to refuse]

SOURCES:
http://www.thefreedictionary.com -beleaguered
Around the beleaguered Four Courts the heavy guns roared.
1.To harass; beset
2.To surround with troops; besiege.

-spasmodically
Here and there through the city, machine guns and rifles broke the silence of the night, spasmodically, like dogs barking on lone farms.
1. Relating to, affected by, or having the character of a spasm; convulsive.
2. Happening intermittently; fitful:
3. Given to sudden outbursts of energy or feeling; excitable. -parapet
Cautiously he raised himself and peered over the parapet.
1. A low protective wall or railing along the edge of a raised structure such as a roof or balcony.
2. An earthen or stone embankment protecting soldiers from enemy fire.

-breastwork
Quickly he drew his knife from his pocket, opened it on the breastwork of the parapet, and ripped open the sleeve.
1.A temporary, quickly constructed fortification, usually breast-high. -paroxysm
A paroxysm of pain swept through him. He placed the cotton wadding over the wound and wrapped the dressing over it.
1. A sudden outburst of emotion or action
2.a. A sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease.
b. A spasm or fit; a convulsion. -muzzle
Taking off his cap, he placed it over the muzzle of his rifle.
1. The forward, projecting part of the head of certain animals, such as dogs, including the mouth, nose, and jaws; the snout.
2. A leather or wire restraining appliance that, when fitted over an animal's snout, prevents biting and eating -remorse
The sniper looked at his enemy falling and he shuddered. The lust of battle died in him. He became bitten by remorse.
1. Moral anguish arising from repentance for past misdeeds; bitter regret. -oath
He looked at the smoking revolver in his hand, and with an oath he hurled it to the roof at his feet.
1. A solemn, formal declaration or promise to fulfill a pledge, often calling on God, a god, or a sacred object as witness.
2. The words or formula of such a declaration or promise. -reeling
He was reeling over the parapet in his death agony.
1. A device, such as a cylinder, spool, or frame, that turns on an axis and is used for winding and storing rope, tape, film, or other flexible materials.
-agony
He was reeling over the parapet in his death agony.
1. The suffering of intense physical or mental pain.
2. The struggle that precedes death.

-armored
Just then an armored car came across the bridge and advanced slowly up the street.
1. A defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons.
2. A tough, protective covering, such as the bony scales covering certain animals or the metallic plates on tanks or warships.
3. A safeguard or protection. 7. Quotable Quotes
“I was born on a storm-swept rock and hate the soft growth of sun-baked lands where there is no frost in men's bones. ”

“In the street beneath all was still. The armored car had retired speedily over the bridge, with the machine gunner’s head hanging lifeless over the turret.”

“There was no pain just deadened sensation, as it the arm been cut off”

“The sniper lay for a long time nursing his wounded arm and planning escape.”

“When the sniper reached the laneway on the street level, he felt a sudden curiosity as to the identity of the enemy sniper whom he had killed. He decided that he was a good shot, whoever he was, He wondered did he know him. Perhaps he had been in his own company before the split in the army.”
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