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LEBANON

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by

Amelia Monfared

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of LEBANON

Religion
Economy
Media & Press
Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation (private), Al Jadeed (private), and MTV are the most popular news outlets
First Arab country to permit private radio and TV
Partially government regulated, not total freedom of the media
53 Press Freedome Score (0=worst, 100=best)
Journalists are also prohibited from insulting the head of state or foreign leaders, as well as publishing works that contradict their "national ethics."
Journalists may be prosecuted in a special publications court
Allies
Hezbollah is allied with Syria because they share hatred toward Israel.

They have a strong alliance with Iran due to the Israeli opposition as well, also 95% of the Lebanese shiite support Iran.
$1.25
Founded: September 1, 1920
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Lebanon has a parliamentary government.
The Government
The parliamentary government in Lebanon implements a type of system called confessionalism.

LEBANON

Confessionalism:
a mix of both religion and politics in a country's form of government. Power is equally distributed among religious communities.

This makes sense because Lebanon is so religiously diverse, and it helps enforce equality and keep as much peace as possible.
The unicameral Parliament of Lebanon is their legislature and consots of 128 chairs, divided equally upon Christians and Muslims (64 of each).
The executive branch consists of a
President
,
the head of state
, and the
Prime Minister
,
the head of government.

Everyone is voted for each term.
Major Challenges Today
Spillover from Civil War in Syria
Bombings in Tripoli and in Beirut in April, July, August and October of last year
Fighting in Saida and in Tripoli in May of 2013; killed at least 28 and wounded 200
Same sort of clashes in October of 2013; at least 13 dead and 91 wounded. Military was sent to calm things down
Military has taken people suspected of being Al-Assir followers into torturous prisons. Al-Assir is MIA now
Sources:
http://ivn.us/2013/06/21/in-arab-nations-facebook-is-the-third-most-popular-news-source/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14648683
CIA world fact book
http://electronicintifada.net/content/diverse-allies-lebanon/6678
Stability of Lebanon
Fragile government
1943 unwritten division of Parliament - the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister a Sunni, and the speaker of parliament a Shia
Internal communal conflicts (Muslim groups feel they need to be represented more with population growth)
Potential for Middle Eastern conflicts,
because it borders Israel and Syria
Majority and
Minority Groups
Tourism
Banking
Agriculture
Hezbollah is scared that ISIS will come and terrorize their Shiite villages and so has been standing guard at the northern border of Lebanon and Syria to fight them
Lebanese government is unsettled by this because Hezbollah is not a government official army
Hezbollah & ISIS

Due to so many different religous groups,
and how it is evenly diverse, it allows the government to represent each religion equally.
Women's Rights
In July 2013, a parlimentary subcommitte
approved a bill, that seeks to protect women
and children against domestic abuse. But,
women still suffer from unequally access to divorce and this law
is different in every religion practiced.

South Africa 19.3%, Switzerland 12.2%, Saudi Arabia 8%, UAE 7.9%, Syria 6.6%, Iraq 4.7% (2012)
16.8% unemployment
Full transcript