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The Abortion Arguments using the Modes of Persuasion
Transcript of The Abortion Arguments using the Modes of Persuasion
The Parties of the debate
The debate consists of two opposing parties in which the debate is argued. these parties are known as pro-life and pro-choice.
In the pro-choice arguments, you will find that pathos is the mode of persuasion that is favored because it has a stronger appeal to the culture in using emotions with abortion being the topic. Logos is not favored as strongly, and is not used as often as pathos and ethos is rarely used in this debate. The weakness for the nature of the pro-choice debate is the lack of logos (logic).
To give a better understanding of the abortion debate, and to show the nature of the debate. In showing the content of the debate and how the modes of persuasion are used, the strengths and weaknesses in the arguments of both pro-choice and pro-life will be shown.
What is Abortion?
Definition: The removal of the unborn fetus from the uterus.- Merriam-Websters dictionary.
The pro-life party argues that abortion is not moral and should not be legal.
The pro-choice party argues that abortion is moral and should be legal.
The Modes of Persuasion
There are three modes of persuasion, the purpose of each is to appeal in a different way the to audience.
The next set of arguments used by the pro-choice party employ logos as the mode of persuasion, the first says that abortion is moral and should be legal because if abortion was not legal the death rate of women would increase because of unsafe, black market abortions.
The next three arguments that are used by the pro-choice party are the strong points of the abortion debate, because they are employed by pathos, an appeal is made to emotions.
The first pro-choice argument that employs pathos as the mode of persuasion says abortion is moral and should be legal because there is animal slaughter and that is not what abortion is.
Leading feminist Susan Sherwin wrote an article called "Abortion through a feminist lens." Sherwin says "Women have little to no control over their own sexual intercourse, therefore have little to no control on their decision to become pregnant....women are often subject to rape by strangers and those they know. the way we are socialized will determine whether or not we have worth and have sexual intercourse. which sexual intercourse is rarely desired but instead is a result of force...and the value of the fetus is relational rather then valued"
The feminist view is also pro-choice, feminist will say that abortion is moral and should be legal because of three things.
The nature of the abortion debate for the pro-life group is favored in logos and uses little to no ethos and little pathos. the strength is found in the use of logos, but in the culture today, the weakness of pro-life is the lack of pathos (emotional appeal).
The first argument that pro-life uses employs ethos as the mode of persuasion and says abortion is not moral and should not be legal because adoption is always a viable option.
The next pro-life argument employs pathos as the mode of persuasion, says that abortion is not moral and should not be legal because of the effect of having an abortion.
The next argument that is used by the pro-life party, that is employed by logos says abortion is not moral and should not be legal because abortion is murder.
The next argument that the pro-life groups use,employs logos as the mode of persuasion says that abortion is not moral and should not be legal for the abuse of the process and the abuse of legal terms.
My goal is not to advance either side of the debate, but to provide the actual arguments and their mode of persuasion to give a better understanding of the nature of the debate.
Process:The abortionist grasps the nape of the child's neck and cuts open the back of the skull using a blunt pair of scissors, a device called a cannula is then inserted in the wound and all the materials are then sucked out.
used to appeal to the audience the good will of the speaker and the credibility.
used to provide the logic of the forensic speech or debate
used to appeal to the emotion of the audience.
Since 1970, the death rate each year from unsafe abortions is 78,000 women.
Legal abortion offer a safe and clean way for a women to terminate a pregnancy.
Without a trained doctor in the practice of abortion there is a high rate for getting infections.
The first argument that the pro-choice party use is employed by ethos and says that abortion is moral and should be legal because over 50% of the politicians are pro-choice.
President Barack Oboma said "I would rather my daughters have an abortion then be punished for their own sexual acts, and have to screw up their lives with an unwanted child."
On a pro-choice blog, a man posted, "If you look at the slaughter of the cow,it is sterilized then put through a slaughter house where is knows it is in pain and will die, and you end up eating it the next night, whereas in an abortion the child cannot fell what is happening and does not know what is going on."
The next pro-choice argument that uses pathos as the mode of persuasion says abortion is moral and should be legal because if a women is raped she should not have to keep the child.
1 out of 3 women who have abortions are because of rape.
this argument is used over 50% of the time.
There are three reasons why pro-choice defend abortion so strongly with this argument.
1) Forced sex
1) Women have no control over their own sexual lives.
2) The fetus that is being aborted is not really a human because there is no social life.
3) Abortion is the only safe and reliable source of birth control.
The abortion voting rate for feminists grows 3-5% each year
90% of the families that cannot reproduce are looking to adopt, which is around 20% of the families in America.
The adoption rate each year is 1.2 million, the abortion rate is only 0.2% lower then the adoption rate.
• Cramping of the uterus or pelvic pain
• Nausea or vomiting
• Warmth or chills
• Inability to get pregnant due to infection or complication of an operation
• Allergic reaction to the medicines
• Hemorrhage (heavy bleeding) possibly requiring treatment with an operation, a blood transfusion, or both
• Incomplete removal of the unborn child, placenta, or contents of the uterus, requiring an operation
• Rarely, death.
The book "Basics of biology" gave 5 characteristics to living things.
The next argument that is used by the pro-choice group that employs logos says abortion is moral and should be legal because there are other ways to termite a pregnancy, which perform the same task as an abortion.
Known as the day after pill, which will cause a miscarriage.
If the day after pill does the same s an abortion then abortion should be legal.
The last argument that is used by the pro-choice group that is employed by pathos and says abortion is moral and should be legal because abortions are quick, safe and behind closed doors.
If a women takes the day after pill, it may not work, with an abortion, the pregnancy will always be terminated, and is faster then taking the day after pill.
Having an abortion is always the safe option with terminating a pregnancy.
An abortion is performed behind closed doors so is is comfortable and private.
Side effects to having an abortion
The next pro-life argument that is employed by pathos says abortion is not moral and should not be legal because of what abortion really is...MURDER.
Why is abortion murder?
Dr. Hymie Gordon, Chairman, Department of Genetics at the Mayo Clinic said
"By all the criteria of modern molecular biology, life is present from the moment of conception."
This argument presents itself in the form of a video, called "The shock film." This film shows the child in the womb and the struggle of the child as the abortion is taking place, there are three reasons to show this film.
In the "Unaborted Socrates" Socrates makes the statement
"Life begins at conception, and if abortion kills then you can conclude that abortion is murder."
1)To show the truth of what abortion really is and what is does.
2) Not to condemn someone for having an abortion, but to show what happened on the inside of the body.
3)To make abortion unthinkable to those who may or may not have the abortion procedure done.
Living things are highly organized.
Living things have the ability to acquire material and energy.
Living things have the ability to respond to their environment.
Living things have the ability to reproduce.
Living things have the ability to adapt.
The next set of pro-life arguments are employed by logos,the first says that abortion is not moral and should not be legal, and uses the well known pro-choice statement " Women have a choice"
The pro-life group uses this statement in context, saying that women do have a choice and that choice should consist of two things.
1)Having a safe sexual life so there is no risk in becoming pregnant.
2)Not having an abortion, instead keep the child, if that is not a option, there is adoption.
This argument says that abortion should not be legal for any age because:
The complaining party ages 20-28 have 45-50% of the abortions yearly.
Blamed party ages 15-19 only have 23-25% of the yearly abortions, which for ages 15-18, is not legal unless there is a parental consent or a judges sign off for it being in the best interest of the minor.
For the safety of legal terms.
S.L.E.D is the pro-life acronym that makes a comparison to four things. Each letter stands for one of the comparisons.
S- stand for the size, which posses the question is a toddler less human then a full grown adult? NO
L- stands for the level of development, which posses the question is a less developed human less of a human then a fully developed human? NO
E- stand for the environment, which brings up the question, is a being more human in a house then outside a house? NO
D- stands for the degree of dependance, which brings up the question, if a human is on a feeding machine, is he/she less human then someone who is not. NO
The Nature of the pro-choice debate.
The strength of the pro-choice debate being Pathos with the appeal to the culture using emotions, the weakness being logos with the forensics and logic.
The nature of the pro-life debate.
The strength of the pro-life debate being logos with the logic and forensic to the argument and the weakness is pathos with the appeal to the culture using emotion.
Questions and Answers
For the last four decades the abortion debate has been one of the most controversial topics. As christians we are called to speak truth in love. the nature of this debate for both pro-life and pro-choice have weaknesses. In order to debate this topic sufficiently, all three modes of persuasion must be used. It is important to understand the nature of this debate, it is up to the rising generations to end this debate with the gruesome, immoral act of abortion no longer being legal, and seen as moral.