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Pearl Harbor

The Events of Pearl Harbor and its Significance to WWII

sebastian lane

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of Pearl Harbor

Double click anywhere & add an idea War In The Pacific Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor The attack damaged or destroyed twelve U.S. warships, destroyed 188 aircraft, and killed 2,403 American servicemen and 68 civilians The U.S. public saw the attack as a treacherous act and they rallied against the Japanese Empire, causing the United States to enter World War II Japanese Preperations Japan had seized Manchuria in 1931 and had been fighting the Second Sino-Japanese War in China since 1937. Long standing tensions between the U.S. and Japan resulted in the U.S. and the U.K. to impose a scrap metal boycott followed by an oil boycott, a freeze of assets and the closing of the Panamal Canal to Japanese shipping. The Hull note of November 26, 1941 was seen as an ultimatum for Japan to either give in to the demands of the USA and the UK and back out of China, or escalate the conflict to try and acquire control of oil and other resources. The attack on Pearl Harbor was intended to neutralize American naval power in the Pacific United States Preparedness The attack arrived at a Pearl Harbor which was unprepared: anti-aircraft weapons were not manned, ammunition was locked down, anti-submarine measures not implemented, combat air patrols were not flying, scouting aircraft not already flying at dawn Despite the growing information pointing to a new phase of Japanese aggresion, there was little info. specific to Pearl Harbor Japan planned to break off negotiations with the U.S. 30 minutes before the attack The Attack The first shots fired and the first casualties in the attack on Pearl Harbor occured when the USS Ward attacked and sank a midget submarine at 06:37 Hawaiian time. Ninety minutes after the attacks began, the attack was over Many of the casualties were caused by American anti-aircraft shells falling back onto Honolulu Although the Japanese concentrated on major battleships, they did not ignore other targets. Nagumo decided to withdraw after two strikes on Pearl Harbor The Immediat Aftermath The immediate aftermath Ninety minutes before the attack on Pearl Harbor began (but the next day, December 8, 1941, on the other side of the international date line), Japanese troops invaded British Malaya. On December 8, 1941, the U.S. Congress declared war on Japan with Jeannette Rankin casting the only dissenting vote. The United States was outraged by the attack and by the late delivery of the note breaking off relations, actions which it considered treacherous. Roosevelt signed the declaration of war the same day, and called the previous day "a date which will live in infamy" The U.S began to intensify its military mobilization,and convert to a war economy. The attack on Pearl Harbor itself doomed Japan to defeat simply because this awakened the "sleeping U.S. behemoth" Pearl Harbor also sparked fears of sabotage or espionage by Japanese Americans and was a factor in the subsequent Japanese internment in the western United States Nazi Germany declared war on the United States on December 11, four days after the Japanese attack. Historical Significance The attack firmly drew the United States and its massive industrial and service economy into World War II, leading to the defeat of the Axis powers worldwide. The Allied victory in this war and the subsequent U.S. emergence as a dominant world power has shaped international politics ever since. In terms of military history, the attack on Pearl Harbor marked the emergence of the aircraft carrier as the center of naval power, replacing the battleship as the keystone of the fleet. The End
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