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Oliver Twist

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by

Sarah Kidane

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Oliver Twist

Oliver Twist

All About Oliver Twist
Hidden Family:
Throughout the novel there are secret family ties between Oliver and people he mets, Mr. Brownlow, Rose and Monks.
It seems that those that are related to Oliver seem to see the best in him. EX: Rose, Oliver's aunt, instantly wants to care for Oliver, unlike the rest of society she sees the light in him and cares him.
Foreshadowing:
Oliver is deeply intrigued with the portrait of Agnes, though at the time, no one knew of his relation to her. Throughout the novel, there are continuous remarks of his facial similarities to Agnes.
EX: Mr Brownlow thoughts of Oliver " as the sickly boy laid against the bed, he resembled the woman on the wall" (Dickens, 69).
Pathetic Fallacy: It is when the weather correaltes to the mood of the novel.
EX: On the night of the robbery, Oliver is very disoriented, depressed and confused. After Oliver gets shot, a storm begins, representing the sad mood of the pain from the protagonist.
Themes, Archetypes and Symbols
Behind The Scenes of Oliver Twist
Connections To Oliver Twist
In Conclusion...
Lens
Beginning and Thesis
In the novel Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens, struggles of morality is exemplified throughout social classes, within themselves and their environment. The novel begins with Oliver's birth and the death of his mother, Agnes Fleming. As an orphan, Oliver is continuously sent to different bad conditioned orphanages and is given a bad name because of his social rank. After continuous abuse, Oliver escapes the orphanage to go live off on his own. With no money, Oliver decides to stay with a friend he meets on the streets, Dodge. Little does Oliver know that he has been put in a home full of thieves.
Middle
Due to Oliver's good heart, he refuses to pickpocket from strangers. When Oliver tries to escape, the readers find out that an unknown, Monks, is paying Fagin, the gang leader, to force Oliver to commit a crime. One night, Fagin wakes Oliver and forces him with a proposition, death or rob the home of Mrs. Maylie. Oliver thinks of a plan to escape and warn the family. In the middle of the robbery, Oliver gets shot and is left behind for dead by the gang. The next day, Oliver drags himself back to Mrs. Maylie's house to ask for aid. After showing his kindness, and sharing his story, Mrs. Maylie and her adopted daughter, Rose take him in as her own.
End
With the help of a previous gang member, Nancy, Mrs. Maylie, Rose and Oliver's friend, Mr. Brownlow find out who Oliver's parents are. It happens to be that Oliver's mother is Rose's sister and his father was Mr. Brownlow's best friend. Next, they find out that the person paying Fagin to force Oliver to commit crimes is his half brother, Monks. Monks realizes that Oliver was his half brother, in the beginning of the novel and knew that if Oliver were caught committing any crimes then he would not inherit his father's inheritance. Since Oliver never commits any crimes, he earns his inheritance and Mr. Brownlow adopts him.
Setting and Time Period
London, England
Victorian Era
19th century
About the Author
Charles Dickens is born into a poor family with little understanding of fiances, and therefore everyone but Charles is sent to prison until debts are repaid.
Was forced to work at Warren's BlackHand factory at the age 7 until his parents were released, at the age of 13.
His mom forces him to go back for two years to the factory, until his father saves him and sends him to school.
It is told said that Charles was psychology scarred and grateful for his father releasing him and sending him to school.
He becomes a very famous novelist, who is still known today for many of his novels.
Relation
Charles Dickens tries to portray the problems of the Victorian Era using his novels.
He portrays his life through his characters, and in this case, he represents Oliver Twist.
Oliver and him both start their lives as poor, hard laboring children, at the lowest class rank on the pyramid.
Both are saved by a father figure from their misery.
End their lives happily, however society still has the same problems.
Similar to his other novel, A Christmas Carol, reverse of fortune. Scrooge begins as a selfish and unhappy man and the novel as a generous, kind hearted person.
Hamlet
Subconscious Morality: Both Hamlet and Oliver struggle with whether to do what is it right, or what is expected of them.
EX: Hamlet killing Claudius and Oliver Twist robbing strangers.
Flaws in society
EX: Ophelia gets a Christian burial even though it is clear she commits suicide only because of her high class. Oliver Twist is not respected due to his class rank.
Authors: Both Shakespeare and Charles Dickens are famous now, and are English writers that include the problems of their time's (Victorian or Elizabethan) society
Oedipus Rex
Peripeteia:
It is the reversal of fortune
EX: Oliver Twist, he begins life as a poor orphan and ends his life with a large inheritance and a family.
EX: Oedipus begins his life as a King of Thebes, married and happy ends his life exiled and blind.
Theme: Sacrifice
EX: Oedipus sacrifices himself to end the curse upon Thebes.
EX: Oliver is wiling to sacrifice his life to warn the people his gang was suppose to rob.
Fifth Business
Guilt:

EX: When Bill accidentally beats Nancy to death for helping Oliver, he feels guilty to the point of suicide.
EX: Percy feels guilt for Leola and Mary's death.
Names of the characters
EX: Oliver Twist,, the Twist represents the twist of his fate
EX: Percy Boy Staunton, boyish, immature
Themes
Light vs Darkness:
Oliver continuously has to face choices to ignore darkness and embrace the light that he was born with or follow what is expected of him.
Dickens portrays that those that follow the light will be rewarded, those who are dark will be punished.
EX: At the end of the novel, all the people who allow the darkness to overpower, Monks, Fagin and the other gang members go to jail and Oliver, who embraces light, lives a happy life.
Hope:
Dickens displays that though Oliver does start from the bottom, he somehow brings himself to the top. He causes readers to feel hope for themselves and Oliver for a new beginning.
Fate vs. Free Will:

In the novel, there are a lot of coincidences, which promotes the idea that Oliver Twist was fated the life that he has. EX: The chances of him meeting all his family by chance is not realistic.
Nature vs. Nurture:
Oliver represents that it does not matter how or where you were raised, it is the nature of your being that decides your fate
.
Archetypes and Symbols
Villain:
The antagonist Monks tries to stop Oliver from being the person that he is.
Mother-figure:
Oliver's aunt, Rose takes Oliver under her wing, teaches him to read, write and to be a better person overall.
Battle between Good and Evil:
This represents the battle between Oliver, good and light and Monks, evil, and dark.
The Outcast:
Oliver Twist is known as the outcast for most of the book. At the orphanage, he was treated as the outcast for "disobeying" by asking for more porridge. With the gang, he was an outcast because he was the only one who seems to have a conscience.
Character's Names:
Certain characters name reflect upon the character's attitude, fate or life. EX: Oliver Twist, his life twists fate for the better.
Primary lens: Marxist
Charles Dickens reflects the division of social class, unfair advantages and the happiness of certain classes. In this novel, Dickens promotes that money DOES bring you happiness. As Oliver's grows and his social class rises, he develops a type of happiness that was never present before. When Oliver is a poor orphan, he is disrespected, hated by strangers and treated with little care. However, soon after Oliver's social class increases, people and even strangers treat him better, though he acts like the same person. Dickens promotes that the Elizabethan Era's division of classes is evident to a character's happiness. The happiest people in the novel, Rose, Mr. Brownlow, Mrs. Maylie, etc are all wealthy. Those that are poor , the gang members, and orphans were the most unhappy characters. When Oliver was still an orphan, he was misunderstood as a person. When Oliver is falsely accused of robbing Mr. Brownlow, the police almost arrest him on the spot, due to his social class alone. If Oliver were of a higher class, he would not have been arrested. The hate Dickens promotes for the poor during the Elizabethan Era may have been due to his own experiences being poor as a child.
Secondary Lens: Moral and Philosophical
Dickens demonstrates the idea that "whatever goes around, comes around", karma. Those that are good at heart, Oliver, and Rose are rewarded, and those that are evil, Monks and Fagin, are punished. EX: Oliver is good from the beginning of the novel until the end, and therefore Dickens demonstrates fate rewarding his life for all his good deeds.
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Motifs and Literary Devices
Dickens portrays himself as Oliver Twist.
That those of higher class status are the happiest in life.
Lastly, those will get what they give to the world.
Full transcript