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How Preschool Children Learn

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Kayla Hoelscher

on 9 April 2015

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Transcript of How Preschool Children Learn

Piaget Stages of Mental Development
Preoperational Stage
The stage children reach before they acquire logical mental actions (pre-operational)
These require the mind to think through problems and act accordingly
Logical thinking includes combining ideas, placing them in order, and doing "if-then" thinking
Preschool children have not yet entered the logical thinking stage
Preoperational Stage
Include children ages 2-7
Learning through symbols, such as pretend play, drawing, mental symbols, drawing, language
Include two substages:
Substage 1: Preconceptual
Substage 2: Intuitive
Obstacles to Logical Thinking
Piaget focused on the obstacles to logical thinking in preoperational children
Belief that everyone thinks in the same way he/she does
View the world in relation to themselves
- Center their attention on only one part of an object or event
Pouring liquid into different size containers
Obstacles to Logical Thinking
Preschool children tend to focus on single steps, stages, or events, rather than see the order of changes
(inability to follow transformations)
Object falling
They cannot follow a line of reasoning back to where it starts
(lack of reversibility)
Cannot retrace steps to undo the task
Do not see subtraction as a way to undo addition
Theorist on Learning
Two theorist studied how children learn:
Both noted how children develop abstract meanings separate from their real world
Theories on Preschool Learning
Substage 1:
Includes ages 2-4 years
Begins to develop concepts
May be incomplete or illogical
All vehicles are "cars"
Has rapid development of language
Does not think logically
Substage 2:
Includes ages 4-7 years
Figures things out through feelings more than through logic
Cannot explain why
Shows improvement, especially in classifying, ordering, and numerical skills
Obstacles Continued
Transductive reasoning
- linking events without using logic
Mother makes coffee when dad comes home (coffee is what brings dad home)
Cannot come to a logical conclusion when given facts
Ladybug test
Vygotsky's Ideas
Vygotsky noted the origins of thought
Saw the objects used in pretend play as pivots to imaginative thinking
Thinking in the mind
Believed language was more than expression of knowledge and communication
Served as an aid in learning
Preschoolers talk to themselves as they complete tasks
In time this thought becomes silent
Saw imaginative acts in pretend play as a way of learning skills
Unique to a culture
1. Who are the two major theorist on cognitive development?

2.What is the second stage of Piaget's mental development?

3. What are some challenges preschool children face regarding logical thought?
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