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Jane Ellisa Acero

on 20 July 2014

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Personality has been derived from the Latin word “
” which means “
It refers to the sum total of all the physical or biological, physiological or mental, social, cultural, emotional, and spiritual traiits of a person which underlie his behavior and which makes him distinct, unique or different from all the others.
Factors that influence Personality Development
1. Biological Inheritance

Heredity refers to the physical and mental traits transmitted by the parents to their offspring through the germ plasma.
2. Environment

a. Geographic Environment
- It refers to nature and all natural resources which affect personality formation.

b. Cultural environment

- It refers to the artificial or man-made environment also includes the learned ways of living, norms and values.

c. Social Environment

- It refers to the different social groups and the social interaction that take place in the groups.
Types of personalities
Extrovert personality
- This type of personality has the tendency to live mostly outside the like to live with others.
Introvert personality
- Those people always live alone in their rooms and do not want to go outside.
- They have middle mind and want to live in both parties. Sometimes they join outside people but sometimes they live in their own rooms.
Socialization is the continuous and life long process till the end of life. An individual learns language, culture, values, norms, attitudes and behaviors which molds his/her personality and become a social being.
Theories of Personality Development
1. Freud's Theory of Socialization

Sigmund Freud, a Viennese psychologist, holds that personality consists of 3 major systems: id, ego and superego

Functions of Socialization
1. Through the process of socialization, the group transmits its values, customs and beliefs from one generation to another.

Agents of Socialization
Any person or institution that shapes a person's values and behavior.
It refers to that lifelong process of learning and relearning as people move from different stages of growth and development, or from one group to another. (Panopio, 1996)
It is the learning process where the individual acquires a status, plays a corresponding role and emerges with a personality.
Social Status

refers to the social position of a person in the group.
Ascribed Status
is determined by birth where a person has no choice like sex and age.
Achieved Status
refers to the status which the person attained through his efforts, intelligence and choice
2. Cultural Determinism Theory

It views culture and the cultural environment as the main factor that determines human behavior.
3. Symbolic Interactionism Theory

Personality is the result of the interaction between individuals mediated by symbols or language.

4. Biological Determinism Theory

This theory views the inherited biological structures as the main factor that determines human behavior.
5. Labeling Theory
In this theory, personality is viewed as the result of society's labeling on human behavior as either good or bad.
2. Socialization enables the individual to grow and develop into a socially functioning person.
3. Socialization is a means of social control by which members are encouraged to conform to the ways of the group by internalizing the group's norms and values.
Agents of Socialization
The family is the primary agent of socialization, as it is the first and most significant.
Peer Groups
It refers to groups whose members are more or less same age, sex and rank
Mass and Social Media

Mass Media

is the means for delivering impersonal communications directed to a vast audience
Social media
includes the Internet and other digital technologies that allow people to interact or share information, stories, and experiences with friends, family, acquaintances, even strangers.
It is an institution that is established explicitly for the purpose of socializing people.
Just as the children spend a significant part of day at their school, the adults spend much of their day at their workplace. At the workplace, a person meets people of different age groups belonging to different social and cultural backgrounds.

Socialization for Sex Roles
refers to the general classification of human beings as males and females based on the differences of their primary sex organs and their anatomical biological characteristics
Socialization for Sex Roles
connotes the physical, social and cultural differences between males and females. It is the result of socialization.
Gender identity
It refers to the conception that we have ourselves as men and women.
Girls vs Boys
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