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To Kill a Mocking Bird Chapter's 4, 5 & 6

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Zaryab Ahmed

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of To Kill a Mocking Bird Chapter's 4, 5 & 6

To Kill a Mocking Bird Chapter's 4, 5 & 6
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Plot Summary
As school progresses, Scout finds herself bored during School, mainly because she knows how to read and write and her teacher does not allow her to do so during class. One day, she passes by the Radley’s house and spots a shining piece of tinfoil in the tree. She investigates further to find two pieces of chewing gum and after carefully inspecting them; she crams them into her mouth. After that, Jem tells her to spit it out and she cautiously does so. Later on in the year, the two finch children find two pennies in the same tree and they keep them as they are unsure who is putting them there. When Dill returns for the summer, he accompanies Jem and Scout in all of their games. They begin to play a game about Boo Radley’s life and it progresses throughout the summer to something really big. One day, Atticus finds the children playing the game and it alters their opinion on whether or whether not they should continue on with the game.
Plot Structure
Introduction-The introduction of this chapter is when Scout talks about how she thinks that curriculum in the school is too easy.
“The remainder of my schooldays were more auspicious than the first.” (Page 43)
Trigger Incident-The trigger incident is when she ends up in front of Arthur Radley’s house after being pushed in a tire by Jem and Dill.
“I raised my head and stared at the Radley Place steps in front of me. I froze.” (Page 50)
Rising Action-The rising action is when the three kids continue to play games in the summer about the Radley’s
“Boo Radley? How?” Asked Dill
“Scout, you can be Mrs. Radley” (Page 51)
Climax-The climax for this chapter is when Atticus asks the kids whether the game involves the Radley’s, and Jem lies, making Atticus suspicious about Jem.
“...we did not see Atticus standing on the sidewalk looking at us, slapping a rolled magazine against his knee.” (Page 53)
Denouement-The denouement of this chapter is when Scout doesn’t feel comfortable playing the game anymore, since Atticus questioned them about it. Also, she knew that someone was inside the house, since she heard a voice coming from inside.
“Atticus’s arrival was the second reason I wanted to quit the game. The first reason happened the day I rolled into the Radley front yard. Through all the head-shaking quelling of nausea and Jem yelling, I had heard another sound, so low I could not have heard it from the sidewalk. Someone inside the house was laughing.” (Page 54)

Mood,Motifs & Themes
Themes-In this chapter, the thematic statement is “how something may appear is often misleading from the reality.” This is the theme, because the author creates a happy and uplifting mood by showing kids having fun, and playing games.
Motifs -A motif in this chapter would be to not know the truth, because it occurs twice in the chapter. For example, when Scout is unsure of whether Radley is still alive or not, and also when a mysterious person put pieces of gum, and pennies in a tree.
Mood-The mood in this chapter is optimistic. When the chapter starts, Scout is young, and isn’t affected by the issues adults face. The narration from Scout’s perspective helps create the mood because it adds comedy, and is light for the reader.

Plot Summary
At the beginning of the chapter, Scout feels lonely because of the growing friendship between Jem and Dill. As a result, she starts spending time with Maudie Atkinson, their neighbour. Ms. Atkinson loves baking and gardening. She told Scout that she and Jack, Atticus’s brother, are childhood friends. While talking, Ms. Atkinson also tells Scout that Arthur Radley their other neighbour is still alive. She explains what a Baptist is, and theorizes about Arthur’s dad being an extreme Baptist, causing Arthur to stay home. Ms. Atkinson talks about how Arthur used to be a good kid, and was very nice. She then explains that he might have gone crazy by now by keeping to himself all the time. We then hear about Jem and Dill’s plan on sending a letter to Boo, by sticking a note in the window. However, Atticus sees them and demands them to stop harassing him and coming near Arthur’s house.
Plot Structure
Intro-The chapter starts off with Scout feeling left out from the company of her friends Jem and Dill, and then goes to accompany Ms. Atkinson.
“I spent most of the remaining twilights that summer sitting with Miss Maudie Atkinson on her front porch.” (Page 55)
Trigger Incident-The trigger incident of this story is when Scout asks Ms. Atkinson about Arthur Radley.
“Miss Maudie, do you think Boo Radley’s still alive?” (Page 57)
Rising Action-The rising action is when Ms. Atkinson started to reveal some secrets of Arthur, and how he used to be nice, and some possible reasons why he might be in his house for long. The rising action is also when she finds out about the plan by Jem and Dill about sending a letter to Boo.
“His name’s Arthur and he’s alive.” (Page 57)
“You know Mr. Radley was a foot-washing Baptist-” (Page 59)
“We are going to give a note to Boo Radley.” (Page 62)
Climax-The climax is when they get caught by Atticus and he orders them to stop bothering Arthur.
Atticus said, “Stop ringing that bell.” (Page 64)
Denouement -The denouement is when Jem says “I thought I wanted to be a lawyer but I ain’t so sure now!” (Page 66) when Atticus is far enough from them.

Main Conflict -The main conflict is person vs. Person, and that Scout wants to know more about Arthur, and that is why the three friends constantly try to bring him out of his house, and get some answers from him.
“We thought he might enjoy us.” (Page 65)

Tone-The tone for this chapter was mischievous, and questioning. It was mischievous, because the kids would go to Boo’s house, and try to do things which they knew they weren’t supposed to, to get him out of his house. It was also questioning, because Scout was asking a lot of questions to Ms. Atkinson, because Scout hoped that she would know the answers, and wanted to find out more and was curious.
“If you don’t say you’ll do what we tell you, we ain’t gonna tell you anything. “(Page 61)
Themes-A thematic statement in this chapter is that you shouldn’t try to persuade others to doing something that they don’t want to take part in. For instance, in the story, this is demonstrated by Arthur not wanting to come out of his house, but the children are sending him letters and playing games, which are trying to lure him out of his comfort zone.
Motifs-A motif in this chapter is when Scout asks Ms. Atkinson questions about Arthur and about why he is always in his house and never comes out. This is a motif because the idea of questioning about Arthur is repeated, and leads onto the theme of them trying to get him to do something that he doesn’t want to.

Symbols, Parallelism, and Allusions
Symbols-A symbol in this chapter is Dill, and he represents childhood, and mischievousness. For example, he thinks of the plan with Jem about sending a letter to Arthur, and planning other schemes.
“They spent days together in the tree house, plotting and planning...” (Page 55)
Parallelism-There is a parallelism between Jem and Dill, because they are both alike, and both spend time around each other. For example, their friendship grew in this chapter, and they spent time planning on how to get Arthur out of his house.
“... He only grew closer to Jem.” (Page 55)
Allusions-In my chapter, Scout alludes to a World War 1 battle called Battle of the Somme, and this tells us that Miss Maudie would cut that nut grass so brutally, that it resembled the killings in the battle.
“If she found a blade of grass in her yard it was like the Second Battle of Marne: she swooped down upon it with a tin tub and subjected it to blasts from...” (Page 56)

Plot Summary
The chapter begins with Atticus giving Jem, Scout and Dill permission to sit outside. While sitting they plan to quietly make their way to the Radley place to have a peek inside. Scout decides to join them and they sneak over to the place and walk around the house looking for a window or shutter to peak through. They suddenly see the shadow of a man on a tree; consequently they run, hearing a shotgun behind them. They escape through beneath a fence and Jem’s pants get caught and to get free he has to take them off. They return home finding various adults including Scout’s father. Miss Maudie informs the gathering that Mr.Radley has shot a black person. Atticus then inquires about Jem’s pants, when Dill steps in and covers with an excuse. The chapter concludes with Jem retrieving his pants later that day.
Plot Structure
Introduction-The chapter’s introduction is the conversation between Jem, Dill and Scout as the three of them sit by Ms. Rachel’s pool.
“Not a breath blowing” said Jem
“Cross in it tonight?” asked Dill
“No, just the Lady….”
Trigger Incident-The trigger incident is when the three of them decide to sneak over to Radley’s place.
“With that, I had no option but to join them”
Rising Action-The rising action is when the three snoop around the Radley’s place
“With this thought in mind, I made perhaps one step per minute”
Climax-When they see the shadow of the man
“Then I saw the shadow. It was the shadow of a man with a hat on.”
Denouement-When Jem goes to retrieve his pants from the fence
“I’m goin‘after ’em,” he said
Main Conflict: -The main conflict of chapter 6 is person vs. person. More specifically it is the decision between the boys to sneak to the Radley’s place to see whether Boo Radley was dead. They went against Atticus’s orders and it became a conflict.

Character Devolopment, Themes, and Tone
Character Development:
Scout
“With that, I had no option but to join them”
This tells us that Scout is still of young age and what others say really influence his decision. She is not able to stand up for what he believes in and is pressured into something she does not want to do. Also we see how much she respects her older brother and follows his footsteps blindly even though it may be a wrong act.

Tone-The tone of this chapter remains mischievous as the boys continue the get in trouble by sneaking off, trespassing, and sneaking out at night, smoking cigarettes, and lying to Atticus. The tone is mischievous but mysterious. They continue to do things which are wrong and these acts come with a risk factor this causes the tone to remain mysterious.
“I moved faster when I saw Jem far ahead beckoning in the moonlight.”

Themes-A theme that can be seen is that one wrong doing/ bad deed leads to another. The boys choose to snoop around, which then causes them to lie to Atticus, which ultimately causes Jem to sneak out at night. The one wrong act led to many more. They dug themselves into a bigger hole.

By: Maddie Winsor, Armughan Khawaja, & Zaryab Ahmed
Character Development and Parallelism
Character Development
Scout-In this Chapter, Scout is a six-year old girl from Maycomb, Alabama, who is portrayed as being brave. When she is in front of Radley’s yard, she doesn’t panic, or scream knowing that it is a bad place, and is fairly calm. She is also careful, when she examines the piece of gum before she chooses to eat it.
Jem-Jem is the older brother of Scout and he seems brave as well. For example, he shows no fear at the mention of Boo Radley, and dares to create, and play a game based on him. He also seems caring, when he yells at Scout for eating something she didn’t know, and it shows us that he cares for his sister, and doesn’t want anything bad to happen to her.

Parallelism There is a similar connection between the following two scenes. Firstly, the scene in which Scout is on her way home from school and she finds two pieces of chewing gum in the tree. The second scene is when Scout and Jem are walking by the same tree in which scout found the gum in and the find two pennies. In both situations the children are unsure of who placed the gum and the pennies there but in both cases they take them and do not return them.
Setting Analysis and Symbols
Setting Analysis
Physical
The chapter takes place near the Radley’s house, and also sometimes at their home.
“I raised my head and stared at the Radley Place steps in front of me” (Page 50)

Psychological
The mood in this chapter is childish. I know, because it mainly talks about their activities such as playing on a tire, and imitating the Radley’s and making a game out of it.

Political
The person in power in the chapter would be Jem, and Atticus. Jem is in power when he orders Scout to spit out the gum, because they didn’t know what could be in it. Atticus is in charge near the end of the story, when he asks Jem and the others if the game involved the Radley’s.
“Spit it out right now! I spat it out. The tang was fading anyways” (Page 45)
“Does this have anything to do with the Radley’s?”
“No sir,” said Jem reddening (Page 53)

Symbol -A symbol in this chapter would be in the quote “lemonade in the middle of the morning was a summer ritual” the lemonade symbolizes the days when it was summer, and children would have it after playing or on hot days
Important Quotations & Figurative Language
Figurative Language
Hyperbole-“I licked it and waited for a while. When I did not die I crammed it into my mouth.” (Page 44)
This is a hyperbole, because it over exaggerates that the Radley’s could be bad people, and would want to kill someone for taking gum from a tree
Important Quotes
“I was not so sure, but Jem told me I was being a girl, that girls always imagined things, that’s why other people hated them so, and if I started behaving like on I could just go off and find some to play with.”
This quote is important, because it talks about gender roles and how women felt about themselves during the 30’s.

Discussion Questions
Why do you think Radley put the pieces of gum in the tree?
Do you believe that Radley was the person whose laugh was heard by Scout? Why or why not?
Why do the children make Boo’s story into a game?
Why do you think Atticus was so mad at his kids for sending a letter through Arthur’s window?
What do you think the lawyer’s trick was that Atticus pulled on Jem?
What do the children think of Ms. Maudie?
Why does Jem not want to be whipped by Atticus?
Why did Scout not want to go with the Dill and Jem at first?

Tone, Theme, & Motif
Character Development and Important Quotations
Scout- In the beginning of the chapter, she is very lonely, since Jem and Dill are spending more time together, leaving her out of the group. Also, she doesn’t like to be called a girl, and this is because of the gender roles in the 1930s. In the beginning of the chapter, she says “...and on pain of being called a girl...” (Page 55) she then hangs out with Miss Maudie, ridding her lonliness. She is also beginning to get more curious about Arthur Radley, and wants to know more about the mysterious man.
Miss Maudie- Miss Maudie is a very nice woman, who is a Baptist. She loves to garden and bake, and she spends more time with Scout. We also learn more about Arthur through her experiences with him as a child, and her views on his father. She calles him “a foot-washing Baptist” because they care about Miss Maudie sinning by taking part in life’s pleasures. She can also be looked as a role model to Scout, because she is a female, and this may play a part later on.
"There are just some kind of men who—who're so busy worrying about the next world they've never learned to live in this one, and you can look down the street and see the results." (Page 60)
This quote is important, because it tells us that it is directed towards the foot-washing Baptists, and how they think she is going to Hell for gardening, or participating in life’s pleasures. However, they themselves are partaking in a pleasure in life-judging others, and worrying about what she does with her life.

Setting Anaylisis and Figurative Language
Figurative Language-“In the summertime, twilights are long and peaceful. Often as not, Miss Maudie and I would sit silently on her porch, watching the sky go from yellow to pink as the sun went down, watching flights of martins sweep low over the neighbourhood and disappear behind the schoolhouse rooftops.” (Page 57)
This is an example of imagery, and pathetic fallacy. It is imagery, because it paints a picture in the reader’s mind of how the view would look from the porch. It is also pathetic fallacy, because it makes the atmosphere seem calm, and relaxed. They are effective, because it helps the reader understand detail, and you can understand how Scout was feeling at this time, with Miss Maudie.

Setting Analysis-In this chapter, the person who is in power would be Atticus, since he is the father of Scout and Jem. His actions impact the two, and this is shown near the end of the chapter when they have to stop bothering Arthur since Atticus says so.
“Stop tormenting that man. That goes for the other two of you.” (Page 65)
The mood of this chapter is lonely in the beginning when Scout didn’t hang out with Jem and Dill, but soon changed to tense and stressed at the end when Atticus was upset at his children for tormenting Arthur.
“But I kept aloof from their more foolhardy schemes for a while,” (page 55)
“Dill grabbed the clapper, in the silence that followed, I wish he’d start ringing again.” (Page 64)
The description of the setting in this chapter is still in the town Maycomb , Alabama, and Scout mentions that in Chapter 1.
“When my father was admitted to the bar, he returned to Maycomb and began his practice.” (Page 5)

Motifs, Symbols, and Parallelism
Motifs-A motif in this chapter is wrong doings. The boys commit many acts of mischief throughout the chapter. It is a motif as it is done over and over again throughout the chapter and creates the chapters plot.

Symbols-A symbol seen in chapter 6 is Jem’s pants. They represent the boy’s mischievous acts as well as Jem’s respect for his father as he explains. He goes back to acquire them as he doesn’t want his father to be angered with him.

Parallelism-The parallelism between Jem and Dill continues. They both share similar ideas on what they want to do. For example they both want to sneak to the Radley’s place. The friendship between them also grows as Jem wants to spend time with his friend before he must leave.
“Yes,” said our father, when Jem asked him if we could go over and sit by Miss Rachel’s fish pool with Dill, as this was his last night in Maycomb.

Setting Analysis and Important Quotations
Figurative Language:
Personification:“We strolled silently down the sidewalk, listening to porch swings creaking with the weight of the neighborhood”
This is personification as the narrator give human characteristics such as weight to a non-human thing, the neighborhood.

Setting Analysis:

Physical-The physical setting tends to change throughout the chapter it goes from the pool, to the Radley place, and then to Scout’s home.
“Yes,” said our father, when Jem asked him if we could go over and sit by Miss
Rachel’s fishpool with Dill, as this was his last night in Maycomb

Physiological-The physiological of this chapter remains tense as the boys are doing things which they may get into a lot of trouble for. The mood remains dominantly tensed for these reasons.
“I waited for his light to go on, straining my eyes to see it flood the hall. It stayed off, and I breathed again.”

Political-The political power remains with Atticus when he is present as he has the ability to question the boys about what they were doing. When Atticus is not present Jem seems to hold the power as he influences Scout’s decision on going with them and the other boys come back for him when they notice he is missing.
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