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Genetically Modified Organism Project

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Elissa Laflamme

on 5 January 2011

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Transcript of Genetically Modified Organism Project

It affects the lives of over 3,000,000 people in Canada and the United States alone. The average human consumes more than 6 of this each 2.4 bill The average human consumes more
than six pounds of this every year. Weighing less than a gram, this small snack accounts for at least 4 billion dollars worth of the U.S.A's yearly economy. But for more than 3,000,000 people across America alone, this little food has a major effect on lifestyle. Approximately 1.3% of the world has to live with peanut allergies. So what if we could create a
peanut without the allergy? By using genetic engineering, scientists at the University of Georgia have
been able to find a way to create hypoallergenic peanuts. Government scientists have been experimenting with peanuts in
hopes of finding a way to make
that a reality. There are eleven molecules which trigger allergic reactions in peanuts. ___ 11 = allergies Pros Cons Ara h 2 and Ara h 6 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdwygnzIdVE&feature=related RNAi(nterference) Gene gun was used to
shoot a customized DNA
sequence into the plants,
which changed the shape
of the RNA molecules. GM peanuts Normal peanuts Primary Benefit : To eliminate
peanut allergies Look & taste identical to
normal peanuts Peanuts are resistant to common molds such as the one seen here Could cause longterm health complications ? Potential enviromental impacts No labelling required More costly Before these hypoallergenic peanuts can
be put on the market, they must undergo seven to ten years of testing and safety assesment. 1. Pre-submission consultation 2. Pre-market notification 3. Scientific Assesment 4. Requests for additional Information 5. Summary report 6. Preperation of food rulings proposal 7. Letter of no objection 8. Decision documented Currently, these new genetically modified peanuts are only in the scientific assesment stage of the Government's GMO regulatory process. Scientists are hoping that by 2015, we will be seeing
these hypoallergenic peanuts in stores everywhere, and hopefully start taking the place of real peanuts in order to create a safer enviroment for people dealing with peanut allergies.
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